Identify the first step in the student’s guide to research?

Sociology
Tutor: None Selected Time limit: 1 Day

Need a brief paragraph over the steps to doing research.  

Jul 16th, 2015

Thank you for the opportunity to help you with your question!

Step 1: Select a subject Choose your subject carefully, keeping in mind the amount of time you have to write the paper, the length of the paper, your intended audience and the limits of the resources. Check in the library to make sure a reasonable amount of information is available on the subject you choose. 

Step 2: Narrow the topic The topic of the paper is what you want to say about the subject. To narrow the topic, you need to read background articles about your subject in encyclopedias and other general references. Do not take notes at this time other than to jot down possible main ideas. 

Step 3: State your objective or thesis Before you begin your research for your paper, you need to compose a thesis statement that describes the viewpoint you are going to express and support in your paper. Since your purpose in the rest of the paper is to prove the validity of your thesis, your thesis statement provides a controlling idea which will help you choose the resource materials you will use and will limit your note taking. 

Step 4: Form a Preliminary Bibliography A preliminary bibliography is a list of potential sources of information. In addition to the card catalog and the guides to reference books already mentioned in Step 2, there are other sources which will help you locate articles and books relevant to your topic

Step 5: Prepare a Working Outline A working outline is important because it gives order to your notetaking. As you do your research, you may find that you need to review your plan if you lack information about a topic or have conflicting information. Nevertheless, it provides a good starting point and is essential before you start to take notes. 

Step 6: Start Taking Notes After you have gathered your materials and prepare a working outline, you can start to take notes. Write your notes on index cards (either 3x5" or 4x6") being sure to include only one note on each card. Each note should relate in some way to one of the topics on your working outline. Label each card with the appropriate topic; then you can easily organize your note cards later when you begin to prepare the final outline of your paper. 

Step 7: Outline the Paper The final outline is similar to the working outline, but is more complex, with each topic being further divided into several subtopics. To accomplish this, sort your note cards into separate piles according to the topics at the top of each them. Then, sort each pile into separate subtopics.

Step 8: Write the Rough Draft After you have completed your final outline, you can begin to write your rough draft. It is important to remember that this rough draft will be revised

Step 9: Edit Your Paper When you have finished the rough draft, read through it again and revise it. Pay particular attention to the content and organization of the paper.

Step 10: Write the Final Draft The final draft of your paper should be typed and must include citations and a bibliography; some paper might require a title page, depending on the formatting style and/or the professor

Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
Jul 16th, 2015

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