Planning for Terrorists Week 4 discussion 2
Terrorists would generally prefer to
attack critical targets, several of which exist in nearly any city or county.
You, as a lieutenant in your local police agency, have been assigned to your
county-wide fusion center. The captain who oversees the unit informs you that
your first task is to help identify all critical targets in your city or
county. Using your city or county as the area you are reporting on, answer
- What structures in your county or city do you feel
should be listed as critical targets? Why? What makes them a target?
- Might local politics come into play when developing
this list, especially if someone’s business is (or is not) included? If
so, how will you deal with it?
- What should your fusion center do once your list is
Peak, K. (2012). Policing
America: Challenges and best practices (7th ed.). Upper Saddle
River, NJ: Pearson Education
The structures that can be listed as critical targets in my country
are telecommunications, electrical power grids, subways. gas and oil pipelines, transportation,
banking and finance, emergency services and water and supply. The reasons as to
why they are critical targets are because of the technological advancements.
Computers and connectivity has made these structures a target for terrorists
since they have increased vulnerability to attack by criminals as well as
terrorist. As stated by Brown et al. (2005) “The
new paradigm must account for an adversary’s ability to collect information
about an infrastructure system and use that information to identify weak spots
in the system’s architecture” (p.103). There we never be enough in the budget for defending
Local politics might come into play when
developing this list since the White Paper has tasked organization within the
government to establish systems to protect their systems. The military strength
would deter future enemies whether nations, groups or individuals from
launching a direct attack but most likely would result in an attack that is
nontraditional against a country’s infrastructure.
Centers collect and share information with local, state and federal law
enforcement, and increasingly, with the military and the private sector.
Although information sharing is legitimate and often necessary for law
enforcement, the Fusion Centers are operating with little oversight at a time
when new technology, government powers and zeal in the "war on
terrorism" are combining to threaten our privacy at an unprecedented level
and turn America into a surveillance society (Pearson Education,
New institutions like fusion centers must be planned in a public,
open manner, and their implications for privacy and other key values carefully
thought out and debated. And like any powerful institution in a democracy, they
must be constructed in a carefully bounded and limited manner with sufficient
checks and balances to prevent abuse. Since no two fusion centers are alike, it
is difficult to make generalized statements about them. Clearly not all fusion
centers are engaging in improper intelligence activities and not all fusion
center operations raise civil liberties or privacy concerns (Peak, 2012).
“Sunshine laws” in the United States require
that our governments, federal to local, conduct their affairs with transparency
to the public” (Brown,, Carlyle,
Salmeron, & Woo, 2005, p. 120). Web sites have been redesigned to reduce information
that could harm our infrastructure. One way to prevent this is by appointing a independent “red team” (Brown
They can analyze the content of the website.
This way if there is any harmful information then it can be eliminated. As
stated in Brown et al, (2005) “We cannot depend on standard reliability analyses
to protect us adequately because we cannot assume that attacks occur randomly”
Brown, G. G.,
Carlyle, W. M., Salmeron, J., & Woo, K. (2005). [PDF]
Analyzing the Vulnerability of Critical Infrastru... Retrieved from
faculty.nps.edu/gbrown/.../DefendingCIBrownEtAlTutorialDraft.pdf - Similar
Peak, K. (2012).Policing America: Challenges and best practices (7th
ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education
Pearson Education.(n.d.).Challenges to law enforcement [Learning module]. Retrieved
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