Be specific and illustrate your explanation with examples. Describe one change you might make to the theory and explain how this change might make the theory more applicable outside of a Western context
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Erik EriksonErikson's theory asserted
that everyone experiences a series of "psychosocial crises"
as they mature. In other words, everyone has certain emotional hurdles
to overcome. How they overcome those hurdles can affect their personal
development. The stages of Erikson's theory are:
Trust v. mistrust
Autonomy v. doubt
Initiative v. guilt
Industry v. inferiority
Identity v. role confusion
Intimacy v. isolation
Generativity v. stagnation
Integrity v. despair
Kohlberg's theory takes aim
at the development of moral reasoning. In other words, how do children
think about moral situations? He advocated teaching moral reasoning
through the presentation of moral dilemmas. His stages are as follows:
Level 1: Preconventional
Stage 1: Punishment-avoidance
Stage 2: Exchange of favors
Level 2: Conventional
Stage 3: Good boy/good
Stage 4: Law and order
Level 3: Postconventional
Stage 5: Social contract
Stage 6: Universal ethical
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Jul 17th, 2015
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