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The National Survey on Drug Use and Health estimates that in 2008 there were 1.9 million current (past-month) cocaine users, of which approximately 359,000 were current crack users. Adults aged 18 to 25 years have a higher rate of current cocaine use than any other age group, with 1.5 percent of young adults reporting past month cocaine use. Overall, men report higher rates of current cocaine use than women.
"From 1976 to 1979, cocaine (Figure 5-4h) exhibited a substantial increase in popularity among 12th graders, with annual prevalence doubling in just three years from 6.0% in 1976 to 12.0% in 1979. Then from 1979 to 1984, little or no further change was observed in any of the cocaine prevalence statistics for 12th graders, at least in the overall national statistics In 1985, we reported statistically significant increases in annual and monthly use of cocaine, then another leveling in 1986. Between 1986 and 1992, however, both annual and monthly use dropped by three quarters or more: from 12.7% to 3.1% for annual use and from 6.2% to 1.3% for monthly use among 12th graders.
Repeated cocaine use can produce addiction and other adverse health consequences. In 2008, according to the NSDUH, nearly 1.4 million Americans met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for dependence or abuse of cocaine in the past 12 months. Further, data from the 2008 Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) report showed that cocaine was involved in 482,188 of the nearly 2 million visits to emergency departments for drug misuse or abuse.
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