Short Answer Questions
was the method that Socrates used in his discussions, and how did his approach
differ from that of the Sophists? How would you compare Socrates' method from
that of Russell, or that of Descartes?
is unique about the method used by Descartes in his search for knowledge?
What results does his use of the method bring?
would Russell describe the differences between “philosophy” and the fields of
"math" and “science”? Give details from Russell's work
is the distinction between “induction” and “deduction”? Can you give
definitions and describe a detailed example of each of these types of argument?
Descartes and Hume on the “self.” After giving details from their readings,
argue your own best answer to this question: What “object” does the “self”
relate to? Mind, Brain, Body, etc.?
does Plato make the distinction between appearances and reality? What
analogies, allegories (including the Myth of the Cave), and diagrams does he
use to explain the distinction? Explain the distinction as completely as you
can, making use of Plato’s terminology and descriptions.
Russell talks about things like “prejudice” and “common sense”, what does he
mean? How does it relate to “thinking critically” and “seeing all sides of the
reading Descartes’ Meditations, discuss the “Method of Doubt.” Is it a good
method for getting at basic, certain truths or not? Explain your answer
referring to the text.
Locke’s idea of knowledge coming from sensory experience, and Descartes from
10.How does Descartes move from
the reasons to doubt (the evil demon/evil genius and the vivid dream examples)
to the Cogito Ergo Sum (I think, therefore, I am)? What else might make us
doubt that we exist?
11.Describe the Allegory of the
Cave from Plato’s Republic. Explain the parts or stages inside and outside the
cave, interpreting them in terms of the theory of knowledge (what is real and
what is appearances.)