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(Ma) Border Security week 5 Discussion 1

An estimated 11.5 million illegal immigrants are now in the United States, according to the Pew Hispanic Center—the lowest number in a decade, and still declining. From 2000 to 2005, an average of 800,000 illegal immigrants entered the United States each year. But since then, an average of 500,000 has arrived annually.

Visit the CBP Border Security Spotlight and then briefly analyze the current security initiatives that are being used to protect our borders. What are some of the reasons why illegal immigration is currently declining in the U.S.? What approaches are some state and local units of government taking to attempt to further reduce the number of aliens who are living and working in their jurisdictions?

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According to US Customs and Border Protection, (n.d.), the Primary mission of the Border Patrol is to protect our Nation by reducing the likelihood that dangerous people and capabilities enter the United Statesbetween the ports of entry. This is accomplished by maintaining surveillance, following up leads, responding to electronic sensor alarms and air craft sightings, and interpreting and following tracks. The major activities include maintaining traffic checkpoints along highways leading from border areas, conducting city patrol and transportation check and anti smuggling investigations (US Customs and Border Protection, n.d.). Border Patrol utilizes various technology and equipment methods to accomplish their mission. US Customs and Border Protection, (n.d.). Video monitors and night vision scopes are also used to detect illegal entries. Agents patrol the border in vehicles, boats, and afoot. In some areas, the Border Patrol even employs horses, all-terrain motorcycles, bicycles, and snowmobiles.

The first reason for the decline is was due to the employment of the fence and increased patrolling and enforcement. In addition, the Federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) office of the Department of Homeland Security has been increasingly raiding U.S businnesses that employ illegal immigrants (Peak, K. J. 2012). The decrease rate of jobs were also a huge reason in decrease number of immigrants entering the US.

Some approaches that state and local governments are taking to reduce further number of aliens includes: the fight in making the right of all renters show proof of citizenship. Another approach was the laws passed in 2008 clamping down on illegal immigrants and their employers.

US Customs and Border Protection, (n.d.). Border Patrol Overview.

Retreived from http://www.cbp.gov/border-security/along-us-borders/overview.

Peak, K. J. (2012). Policing America: Challenges and Best Practices. Vitalsource eBook for Ashford University, 7th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions.

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