Neurological Disorder: Epilepsy Paper

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Question Description

Select a neurological, psychological, or neurodevelopmental disorder.

Write a 2,450- to 3,500-word paper comparing and contrasting three therapeutic interventions used to treat this disorder. Compare measures of effectiveness, such as validity, efficacy, symptom and behavior management, and recidivism. One therapy should be cognitive in nature, one should be pharmacological in nature, and the third should be an alternative therapeutic treatment.

Identify common symptoms associated with your disorder and rates of symptom reduction or management as reported with the three treatments. Based on your research, what would be your approach to treating the condition? Identify which treatments you would use. Explain why.

Analyze the neurophysiological underpinnings of diseases and disorders.

Examine contemporary attitudes toward the three treatments you selected.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Include 7 to 10 peer-reviewed sources.

1 Title of Paper Student Name Course/Number Due Date Faculty Name Detailed expectations for a Masters Level Course (remove this line) 2 Title of Paper Triple click your mouse anywhere in this paragraph to replace this text with your introduction. Often the most important paragraph in the entire essay, the introduction grabs the reader's attention—sometimes a difficult task for academic writing. When writing an introduction, some approaches are best avoided. Avoid starting sentences with “The purpose of this essay is . . .” or “In this essay I will . . .” or any similar flat announcement of your intention or topic. Read more: Center for Writing Excellence>Tutorials and Guides>Essay Development>Guidelines for Writing Academic Essays. Level One Heading Replace the level one heading with the words for your heading. The heading must be in bold font. Headings are a necessary part of helping your audience track the sub-topics discussed in the body of the essay or report. Be sure to indent the first line of each paragraph between five and seven spaces by pressing the Tab key one time on the keyboard. In addition, remember to double space the entire paper using the double space functionality in Word. This template is already formatted for double spacing. Read more: Center for Writing Excellence>Tutorials and Guides>Software Tutorials and Guides>Formatting Tutorial for APA. In addition, keep in mind an academic essay should contain at least five paragraphs, which includes the introduction (introductory paragraph), the body (which is generally at least three paragraphs), and the conclusion (generally one paragraph). Most well-developed paragraphs contain at least three – five sentences, one of which is the topic sentence. Limit each body paragraph to one sub-topic. 3 Level Two Heading Replace the level two heading with the words for your heading. The heading must be in bold font. Level three heading. Replace the level three heading with the words for your heading. The heading must be in bold font. Most master’s level papers will be sufficient with three levels of heading. Delete the following level four and five heading placeholders if not needed. Level four heading. Replace the level four heading with the words for your heading. The heading must be italicized and in bold font. Level five heading. Replace the level five heading with the words for your heading. The heading must be italicized. Conclusion The closing paragraph is designed to bring the reader to your way of thinking if you are writing a persuasive essay, to understand relationships if you are writing a comparison/contrast essay, or simply to value the information you provide in an informational essay. The closing paragraph summarizes the key points from the supporting paragraphs without introducing any new information. 4 References This is a hanging indent. To keep the hanging indent format, triple click your mouse on this line of text and replace the information with your reference entry. You can use the Reference and Citation Examples (Center for Writing Excellence>Tutorials and Guides>Reference and Citation Examples) to help format your source information into a reference entry. The reference page always begins on the top of the next page after the conclusion.

Tutor Answer

School: Cornell University



Neurological Disorder: Epilepsy




Neurological Disorder: Epilepsy
Over the years, neurological disorders have been rampant in the world. The condition
presents any medical problem that affects the nervous system such as spinal cord, brain, and the
nerves connecting them altogether (World Health Organization [WHO], 2016). There are various
symptoms associated with the nervous systems disorder. The mild signs include paralysis,
muscle weaknesses, poor sensation, confusion, alterations in the levels of consciousness (WHO,
2016). Moreover, some symptoms are more noticeable such as pain, intellectual disability
(WHO, 2016). There are various causes of neurological disorders such as infections; injuries;
environmental factors like poor nutrition, intake of heavy metals like lead among others (WHO,
2016). However, most of the neurological disorders that are caused by genetic alteration begin
affecting the individuals during their early stages of growth (WHO, 2016). Therefore, it is vital
for persons to undergo genetic testing to diagnose such disorders.
Notably, various disorders interconnect with the nervous system such as epilepsy.
Consequently, the condition is one of the most prevalent brain condition characterized by
seizures which vary from being brief to extreme cases of shaking vigorously for long periods
(Thijs, Surges, O'Brien, & Sander, 2019). The seizures tend to reoccur; thus, can cause physical
injury such as broken bones onto the individuals with the condition (Thijs et al., 2019). The
disorder has no racial or geographical boundaries; hence, it can occur in both sexes despite the
age (Thijs et al., 2019). However, the condition can develop during childhood progressing
onwards and becoming rampant in the aging population (Thijs et al., 2019). Research conducted
in 2015 indicated that nearly 39 million people have epilepsy in the world, with approximately
80% of the cases being rampant in developing countries (Thijs et al., 2019). In the ancient days,



individuals with epilepsy attacks were believed to have been possessed by some supernatural
forces or evil spirits (Thijs et al., 2019).
Nevertheless, in the contemporary world, the condition is regarded as electromagnetic
discharges in the brain of the perceived individual attributed by some genetic factors and
neurochemical mechanisms (Thijs et al., 2019). It is worth noting that research conducted
regarding the disorder has shown that there various epilepsy syndrome and types of seizures
(Thijs et al., 2019). As a result, patients are treated differently across the globe depending on the
kind of seizure.
The causes of epilepsy remain unknown; however, some cases develop due to brain
injury, tumors, or infection; strokes; congenital disabilities among others (Thijs et al., 2019).
There are various treatment options for the disorder such as epileptic drugs, ketogenic diet, vagus
nerve stimulation, epilepsy surgery, and deep brain stimulation (Goldenberg, 2010). This paper
deliberates on the comparison and contrast of three therapeutic interventions to treat epilepsy, the
measures of effectiveness such as validity, efficacy, symptoms, behavior management, and
recidivism. More so, the common symptoms associated with the disorder and rate of symptom
reduction as reported with the three treatments. Lastly, the paper will deliberate on the
identification of the therapeutic method that would be used to treat the condition, analysis of the
neurophysiological underpinnings of epilepsy, and contemporary attitudes towards the three
Comparison and Contrast of the Three Therapeutic Intervention of Treating Epilepsy
There are various treatment options to epilepsy which can be pharmacological, cognitive.
Comparatively, despite the nature of the treatment they all tend to reduce the occurrence of



seizure which is responsible for the disorder. Noteworthy, after the second seizure...

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