Running head: NEUROLOGICAL DISORDER
Neurological Disorder: Epilepsy
Neurological Disorder: Epilepsy
Over the years, neurological disorders have been rampant in the world. The condition
presents any medical problem that affects the nervous system such as spinal cord, brain, and the
nerves connecting them altogether (World Health Organization [WHO], 2016). There are various
symptoms associated with the nervous systems disorder. The mild signs include paralysis,
muscle weaknesses, poor sensation, confusion, alterations in the levels of consciousness (WHO,
2016). Moreover, some symptoms are more noticeable such as pain, intellectual disability
(WHO, 2016). There are various causes of neurological disorders such as infections; injuries;
environmental factors like poor nutrition, intake of heavy metals like lead among others (WHO,
2016). However, most of the neurological disorders that are caused by genetic alteration begin
affecting the individuals during their early stages of growth (WHO, 2016). Therefore, it is vital
for persons to undergo genetic testing to diagnose such disorders.
Notably, various disorders interconnect with the nervous system such as epilepsy.
Consequently, the condition is one of the most prevalent brain condition characterized by
seizures which vary from being brief to extreme cases of shaking vigorously for long periods
(Thijs, Surges, O'Brien, & Sander, 2019). The seizures tend to reoccur; thus, can cause physical
injury such as broken bones onto the individuals with the condition (Thijs et al., 2019). The
disorder has no racial or geographical boundaries; hence, it can occur in both sexes despite the
age (Thijs et al., 2019). However, the condition can develop during childhood progressing
onwards and becoming rampant in the aging population (Thijs et al., 2019). Research conducted
in 2015 indicated that nearly 39 million people have epilepsy in the world, with approximately
80% of the cases being rampant in developing countries (Thijs et al., 2019). In the ancient days,
individuals with epilepsy attacks were believed to have been possessed by some supernatural
forces or evil spirits (Thijs et al., 2019).
Nevertheless, in the contemporary world, the condition is regarded as electromagnetic
discharges in the brain of the perceived individual attributed by some genetic factors and
neurochemical mechanisms (Thijs et al., 2019). It is worth noting that research conducted
regarding the disorder has shown that there various epilepsy syndrome and types of seizures
(Thijs et al., 2019). As a result, patients are treated differently across the globe depending on the
kind of seizure.
The causes of epilepsy remain unknown; however, some cases develop due to brain
injury, tumors, or infection; strokes; congenital disabilities among others (Thijs et al., 2019).
There are various treatment options for the disorder such as epileptic drugs, ketogenic diet, vagus
nerve stimulation, epilepsy surgery, and deep brain stimulation (Goldenberg, 2010). This paper
deliberates on the comparison and contrast of three therapeutic interventions to treat epilepsy, the
measures of effectiveness such as validity, efficacy, symptoms, behavior management, and
recidivism. More so, the common symptoms associated with the disorder and rate of symptom
reduction as reported with the three treatments. Lastly, the paper will deliberate on the
identification of the therapeutic method that would be used to treat the condition, analysis of the
neurophysiological underpinnings of epilepsy, and contemporary attitudes towards the three
Comparison and Contrast of the Three Therapeutic Intervention of Treating Epilepsy
There are various treatment options to epilepsy which can be pharmacological, cognitive.
Comparatively, despite the nature of the treatment they all tend to reduce the occurrence of
seizure which is responsible for the disorder. Noteworthy, after the second seizure...