PHI13 UC Davis The Chinese Room

timer Asked: Jan 30th, 2019
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Question Description

(1) Turing presents his test for thinking as a sufficiency test for thinking. Explain what this means and how he defends the test’s adequacy as such. Is Turing’s defense of the test’s adequacy compelling? Or is there an objection to the test powerful enough to undermine it?

(2) Turing considers and responds to several arguments from disability, each of which purports to show that machines cannot think. Which one of those arguments from disability (that he directly responds to) do you think is the strongest? Why is it the strongest? Does Turing’s response successfully refute that argument?

(3) Explain Searle’s Chinese Room thought experiment, the conclusion he draws on its basis, and why the thought experiment is supposed to establish that conclusion. What is the most powerful objection to Searle’s position you can think of and what do you think Searle’s likely response would be?

(4) If you accept Searle’s thought experiment and the conclusion he draws from it, would that show that the Turing Test is a bad test for thinking? Why or why not? (Be sure to explain any key parts of the two views that you need to make your case.)

(5) Dennett’s view can be thought of as a replacement for the Turing test. What are some of the key similarities and differences between “the Dennett test” and the Turing test? Which do you think is the better test for intelligence/thinking and why?

Tutor Answer

School: New York University

Hey! Kindly find the attached answer. Thank you and all the best

The Chinese Room – outline
The Chinese room can be mainly defined as the argument that holds a program cannot
give a computer a mind, consciousness or understanding regardless of how human-like the
program may make the machine to behave.
Turing test
Turing test was developed to answer the question can a machine think? Turing presents
this test of thinking as sufficient thinking by using his imitation experiment. In operation, a
woman is put in one room, an interrogator in the separate bedroom and a machine in the third
Turing test and disability
One of the arguments from the limitation that is considered to be strong is that a machine
cannot do x, where x is the ability to enjoy ice cream, fall in love, make mistakes and display a
diversity of behaviors. In response to this, Turing argues that the argument is based on induction
that is generalized experience from the past.
The argument is considered to be strong because it is based on realities as far as machine
thinking is concerned. The debate brings light to the unseen factors that are not incorporated in
the test of which can make the test look false.
Searle Chinese room experiment

Searle Chinese experiment is meant to prove that strong Artificial Intelligence is false. He
uses three separate rooms with different Chinese speakers some speaking in English, Chinese
characters and Chinese stories.
Contrary to strong AI, no matter how intelligent-seeming a computer behaves and what
programming controls it, because the signs processed are meaningless to it, it is neither
intelligent nor thinking.
The objection from the system argues that the person locked in the Chinese room does
not understand the story but he is part of the system and the system does not understand the
Searle experiment conclusion
In the conclusion drawn by Searle about the experiment, one can agree with it besides
that it does not prove that the Turing test is a severe test for thinking.
The contrast between Dennett test...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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