Imagine going to work, and
someone takes whatever they want, because there will be no consequences? Even though are world, and the people in it
are not perfect. We cannot depend on everyone to do the right thing, and never
break a law. Law enforcement agencies have the mandate of promoting safety amongst
the citizens of a given country, and to achieve the same it is important to
provide the necessary equipment and facilities to them.
Law Enforcement agency is a
government agency to enforce the laws, maintain safety, and maintain order. In
the United States there are well over 17,000 Law Enforcement agencies ranging
from Small, Medium, Large, Local and State Law enforcement agencies, are in
charge of policing districts, provinces, states, tribal terrains and uncommon
locales. These agencies can have as few as one officer to upwards of 30,000 or
more full-time personnel. Community policing has proved to be very effective,
and therefore a strategic community development plan is crucial in law
According to the IACP (n.d.), “A
public affirmation of adhering to an Oath of Honor is a powerful vehicle
demonstrating ethical standards” (par.1). To be effective at improving
trustworthiness inside of an organizations leaders need to ensure the oath is frequently
displayed throughout the organization, as well as ensuring ethical mentoring
and role modeling are consistent, frequent and visible.
Having officers take an oath will
reconfirm the significance of integrity within the agency, and help bring the
entire profession together to show that the vast majority of law enforcement.
Officers not only are good, decent individuals, but also will step forward to
stop unethical acts by any members of our profession.
Code of Conduct and Effective
A code of conduct refers to a set of defined principles of morality
that guide a particular individual or organization’s general behavior. It
reflects the manner in which individuals should conduct themselves and how they
can relate to the others. With regard to a police department, it can determine
the way the officers carry themselves along. Additionally, it could outline the
overall responsibility of the police department towards the general public.
Code of conduct forms an important aspect within the police fraternity as it
provides a foundation through which the employees can relate with each other.
The police officers have a moral responsibility to ensure that they abide by
the ethical standards outlined in the constitution. The goal of having policies
within the police department that guide the behavior of the employees is to
ensure that they work within an environment that is accommodative and promotes
good relations (Singhapakdi et al., 1995). The paper would focus on the
formulation of a code of conduct and how it can promote effective leadership
and integrity in law enforcement officers. The paper would focus on the
implementation of the code of conduct regarding professionalism at the work
Code of conduct regarding professional behavior requires that the
employees uphold the highest standards with regard to professional behavior. It
calls for the need of officers to maintain responsibility at the work place.
Professional behavior is of significant importance when it comes to the police
department. It is a reflection of the need to uphold the constitution and all
the laws stipulated in it. It is imperative that the officers be aware of the
code to improve on the working relations of all the officers. Issues of failure
to adhere to the work ethics have been violated that have impaired effective
operations within the work environment. Incidences that can be avoided in the
police department when it comes to the adherence to work ethics are avoidance
of disrespect amongst the officers. Additionally, it is vital that the officers
are well aware of the constitution so that there is no breach. Professionalism
at the work place must be held with high regard. Officers who adhere to the
same have a potential of becoming leaders. It is because it would enhance integrity
at the work place. It calls for the need to be aware of the ethical issues
concerning professionalism. Police officers would be well equipped when
executing their duties thereby protecting the citizens.
Community Development Plan
A Community Development Plan is an effective way that prepares police
officers for the challenges that are faced as a result of criminal activities.
It is vital that the police fraternity invoke the help of the community
members. It would be a good way of responding to the ill vices resulting from
the criminal activities. There is much evidence relating the involvement of the
community in tackling crimes through the help of the community members. An
effective community development plan with regard to policing prepares the law
enforcement agencies in enhancing the safety of innocent people. Officers can
engage in different activities in the community as a way of promoting cohesion
between the police officers and the general public. Through different
interaction programs, the police would be able to engage the society and in
return be able to work in close relation with them.
Community policing is a measure that would help in building good ties
with the members in the society. Necessary measures must be put in place to
uphold good relations with the community. It would promote openness where the
members of a community can communicate issues to the police regarding any
factor of crime. Additionally, the law enforcement agencies would be able to
get any information as pertaining to potential criminal attack in a given
community. At the end, appropriate measures can be initiated to stop the
occurrence of the attack before it is executed. Additionally, community
development plan with regard to policing can come in handy when building a good
partnership with the overall community. This would be an effective way of
enhancing the safety of the public in accordance with crime.
The future of effective community policing relies on a good strategic
plan that is in alignment with the dynamic changes of crime. A Community
Development Plan revolves around involving citizens in coming up with a
strategy that would ensure that the law enforcement programs work out. The plan
should entail such strategies as formation of community partnerships, solving-problems
concerning crime, and the organizational transformation. Future policing
methods that are introduced must be those that are well adapted to adjust to
changes in crime. Criminals have been trickier in the manner in which they
execute their activities. There are multiple measures that can be introduced in
community policing to improve on security. Future strategies that can be used
include the use of educational programs in schools, surveys at people’s houses
from door-to door, and awareness through social functions.
Educating the members of the public in community policing is an
important way of ensuring security. Children need to be taught on the probable
ways of identifying potential threat to security. The education should be from
a junior level all through senior level. Through the education, knowledge would
have been passed to the children and help them cope or how to know how to deal
with security issues. The training could involve officers who are trained on
how to teach in order to ensure that the knowledge on security issues is passed
on effectively. It should be part of the educational curriculum so that
children grow up knowing how to respond to any issue. Through the means, the
whole approach of dealing with crime would entail not only the law enforcement
agencies but also the people in society.
Additionally, community policing should entail informing the public
over the importance of engaging each other. There are many benefits when it
comes to working with the community for effective policing. It is important in
building up the trust of the public in the law enforcement agencies. Trust is
an important way of building a good rapport between the police departments and
the citizens. It could be reflected through ease of reporting cases of crime in
the event that they occur. Additionally, the members would be able to give out
information to the public on potential threats to insecurity in a given area.
Preventing a crime would be much easier than solving the incident after it has
taken place. Future community policing methods should incorporate all of the
measures that enhance good relations with the members. Such can be achieved by
engaging in different community activities such as cleaning in a given area. It
can involve taking part in areas such as sporting activities. Additionally, the
police department can build trust with the community by holding open day
Plans to improve on community development concerning policing should
be based on improving the perception of the public over the police. In most
instances, there have been instances where the police have been portrayed in
bad light. They have been associated with brutal activities in the event that
they apprehend criminals. It is imperative that the plan that is initiated is
one that aims at changing the existing perception of the public over the
police. The police department should be seen as one that is improves the lives
of the citizens by assuring them of their safety. The sight of police officers
should not be accompanied by fright, as it would prevent any measures aimed at
providing security to the public.
To achieve effectiveness in the community development plan, there are
key issues that need to be addressed. Officers who are recruited into serving
in the police department must be up to the task in doing so. It is important to
recruit the most qualified personnel who are in a better position to work in
alignment to achieve the future aspirations of the police ten years from today.
The individuals recruited into the police department should be endowed with the
necessary knowledge and technical know-how on dealing with the police officers.
Selection into the police service training should have a minimum qualification
of college education. Previously, it has been a required that people who is
picked for training at the level of high school. It is not effective enough
considering that high school education is not sufficient to provide the
officers with the knowledge and skills to perform the duties. The type of
officers picked for the job need to be the right ones to fill in the positions
left by retired or deceased officers. Concerning the challenges faced by the
law enforcement agencies when it comes to fighting crime, it calls for the need
to have police officers well braced to tackle the issues.
The community involvement in
tackling of community affairs is important in ensuring that law and order is
sustained. Police officers need to find a way of working in close relation with
the community to ensure sustainability in the provision of policing services.
Working with the community members would make it easier to deal with crime
before it takes place. Additionally, it is important that the police involve
the community as a measure of creating a good rapport between the law
enforcement agencies. It is important that the officers take the initiative of
engaging the community through different means so that they can work together
to achieve the required results which is prevention of the occurrence of crime.
In order to promote community involvement in the provision of police services,
there are certain activities that both the police and the community members can
take part to build a good relationship between them. Some of them include
activities such as voluntary services at the community level. Both the police
department and the community members can take part in an activity that is aimed
at building cohesion between the two. The goal is to ensure that the community
members are comfortable enough to work with the officers. Community development
plan can be effective to since it allows the officers to acquire information
about a particular issue before it takes place.
Also, community policing is vital
since it would ensure that the members are able to provide credible information
that would be used in preventing the occurrence of a particular crime. Studies
have indicated that in cases where information is communicated to the police
officers in good time, it makes it easier for the police department to mount
appropriate measures to prevent the occurrence of the crime. Sometimes police
officers may not be in a position to gather all the information they may need
to stop a particular crime from taking place. Further, some of the people who
execute certain crimes are those who live amongst the community members. By
working closely with the community, it would be easier to access the
information about the potential criminals and help in preventing the possible
occurrence of a crime. It is vital that a public relations department is created
within the police department to help in dealing with how the police would
relate to the community with the aim of ensuring law and order is enhanced.
Educational qualification for individuals joining the police service
would be based on minimum achievement at college level. College education
prepares individuals to understand the changes that do take place in a given
society (Armstrong, 2008). Additionally, it is important that the individuals
be trained at college level for psychological preparedness. Contrary to minimum
selection of officers that was based on selection on grounds of having
graduated for high school, it is important to raise the qualifications.
Individuals who graduate from college tend to be more mature and understand the
changes that take place at a community level. After graduation from college, it
would be expected that those who opt to join the police service are trained
further. Training should be holistic to cover all the aspects of crime and
related activities. Emphasis would be on ensuring that the recruits understand
the constitution effectively. Incidences related to breach of constitutional
laws have been reported among police officers. Future policing should be based
on intensive training that places the officers at a better place to deal
effectively with any form of criminal activity.
The recruits would be trained on both field activities and theoretical
knowledge. Law enforcement agencies need to hire many police officers to bridge
in the gap left by those who have retired, resigned or passed on to ensure
continuity in service provision (Barr, 2002). The field training would
capitalize on how to counter the potential criminals and prevent them. Training
in class would be based on imparting soft skills amongst the police officers.
It includes such areas ethical issues and dealing with technicalities while
executing their duties. It is important that the officers train on the soft
skills to put them at a better place to respond white-collar crimes. With the
technological changes, it is vital that the officers be trained in matters that
make them effectively responsive to any form of threat. Criminals are changing
their ways, warranting the need by officers to do the same. It can only be
achieved in when dealing with individuals who may have graduated from college
education. The curriculum in college prepares them for soft skills.
Ethical training for the law enforcement agencies that would be most
appropriate is on professionalism. Officers need to learn how to conduct
themselves at the workplace. Additionally, it is important that they carry
themselves in high regard when it comes to the manner in which they conduct
their activities. Professional conduct entails such activities as adhering to
the rules and regulation relating to their job specifications (Grant, 2002).
Considering that they are dealing with fellow human beings, it is important
that they are trained on how to respect them as they execute their duties.
Training based on ethics should be implemented for the benefits that come with
them. Ethics enables the officers to behave in a morally acceptable manner, and
enables them distinguish between what is right and wrong. Also, training on
ethics would put the officers in a better place when it comes to understanding
how to make critical decisions related to the duties assigned them. There are
instances when the officers need to decide whether they should apprehend the
criminal or shoot them. In such a case, it is vital that the officers are well
trained to know how to respond to the issue.
Additionally, training on ethics should be based on integrity.
Officers need to understand how to carry themselves along while discharging
their duties. It is a vital aspect of policing as it builds on trust with the
general public. It is important that a particular officer portrays good
mannerisms in the way they execute their duties. They should be respectful to
fellow officers and the clients who come to seek services from them. It would
enhance good relations between the officers and the rest of the community.
Future police officers must be those who act beyond reproach to alleviate any
doubts regarding their suitability to carry out their responsibilities.
Effective training within the police department is mandatory for
proper service delivery. Officers who are in charge of the rest must be
compassionate enough to lead the rest of the team to achieving the goals for
which the officers are tasked. They should be leaders who go beyond executing
the duties in official capacity to acting as close associates. Good leaders
tend to find out about the welfare of the rest of their members. It encompasses
such attributes as compassion when leading the rest of the police officers. To
achieve effective leadership in the police department, it calls for training of
officers to act as leaders they are (Schafer, 2008). The training could include
workshops and seminars that provide an avenue where the officers are given an
opportunity to explore their leadership skills. Leadership in the police force
plays an important role in ensuring that police activities are carried out in a
good manner. According to Michelson (2006), in Succession planning in police
leadership, there is needed to have officers who have reputable character to
help in carrying out police activities.
Police officers need to study about the future. It is a measure aimed
at placing the officers in a better place to deal with the dynamic changes in
criminal activities. In addition, study of the future helps the officers
understand the most appropriate measures of responding to many issues in
policing (Police Futurists International, 2002). It is an opportunity to build
knowledge on the existing criminal activities and learn new methods of fighting
crime. For example, community policing was not prevalent until recently when it
was implemented. Fortunately, remarkable success has been witnessed with the
issue of community policing. More strategic controls can be implemented against
crime by having officers learn much about the future issues of policing.
In conclusion, it is important that law enforcement agencies play a
significant role in the general stability of a community. They are
responsibility for the upholding of the constitutional laws ensuring that they
are not breached. The personnel picked by the agencies must be one that is up
to task to effectively carry out the duties bestowed upon them. Future policing
activities should be in alignment with the changes that do take place in
society. The agencies need to ensure that the officers are well braced to adapt
to any changes that take place in a society marred by criminal activities.
Officer-worn cameras have become
increasingly popular amongst law enforcement; agencies around the country have
been reporting useful results (II, 2012, p. 937). It innate ability to capture
live fed evidence is obviously beneficial. From the functionality of
performance reviews to that of seized evidentiary value, motion picture speaks
volume of captured characteristics. Body mounted cameras are intended on
providing additional uncontroversial eyewitness testimonies for many
interpretive reason. Visuals within the field of investigative work are crucial
to determining course of action. Body mounted cameras are the future to law
enforcements accountability and its evidentiary properties, without them,
adjusting officer behaviors will become extremely difficult.
Body mounted cameras provide visual
testimonies; irrefutable images for law enforcement accountability and public
safety. Perhaps the most obvious reasons the body cameras should be worn is to
increase officer accountability while providing management with
and unquestioning evidence, substantiating documented claims, and solidifying
testimonial presentations. Documented recording can be utilized as judicial
presentations, internal investigations, and/or substantiating or refuting
potential civil suits (Klare, 2013, pp. 12-15). In addition to its criminal
evidentiary value, officer worn cameras have the ability to provide officer
accountability is inevitable.
With the ever growing concerns of
departmental lawsuits and claims of officer misconduct, body cameras will
elevate any uncertainties within any claim. Choosing this technological method
as a means on of incorporating within the department as futuristic tool will
increase public and officer awareness. In addition to public safety,
organizational cultural competence will be developed within the form of officer
conduct conformity, public compliance, as well as management scrutiny of
officer performance. This will extend the visual that is stationary within
patrol vehicles. Although vital for its meaningful visual renderings, officer
behavior captured during highly stressful events may be utilized in changing
the public’s perceptions.
A viable law enforcement
organization that intended on obtaining community support must employee ethical
and accountable officer behaviors. Body mounted cameras will increase the
integrity of law enforcement practices while developing responsible actions and
fostering productive behaviors. Communications is vital for law enforcement and
includes collecting evidence that is written/spoken, plainly observable, as
well as visuals, each speaking a message in a different language. Lastly,
increasing the public perception of law enforcement starts with internal
corrective behaviors. Standards and practices must be protected, yet, without
visually seeing what transpires during these events, law enforcement
practitioners would be oblivious to what needs need to be address. Although
useful for its criminal and political functions, visuals are hard to dispute.
Law enforcement within the United
States are held with high standards and with due regard, however, human
behaviors and cultural indifferences have generated publicly perceived
misconnects. Through the enhancement of body mounted cameras, law enforcement
can alter the public’s perception with factual documentation that would counter
any potentially misleading claim. Additionally, officer worn cameras provide
the judicial system with tolls of accountability, substantiates claims, and/or
uncovers fallacies of law enforcement behaviors, increasing integrity
throughout the criminal justice system (NIJ, 2014). It is pivotal that law
enforcement practice in an ethical and responsible manner, and, body mounted
cameras are just the way make sure our officers are conducting themselves
accordingly. Ethics plays a significant role in the execution of duties
assigned to a particular officer. In the course of discharging a particular job
given, the officers need to be well equipped with the necessary knowledge about
dealing with controversial issues that may occur at the work place. For
instance, an officer may be required to make a decision about a particular issue.
The guidelines followed in making the decision would be based on the ethical
training that one may be possessing. Based on the different principles of
ethics, a number of issues are often discussed that help them gain knowledge of
how to deal with a particular issue.
Law enforcement agencies have a duty to ensure that the activities
they carry out are done in the most professional manner. Training on better
methods of preventing crime and other related activities is vital in giving the
officers the necessary expertise on how to tackle crime. It calls for the need
to offer effective training opportunities both in the theoretical knowledge and
the practical skills of dealing with crime. It is important that the two be
integrated to ensure that the officers who graduate from the training academies
are well equipped to handle any issue that may arise in the event of an attack.
It begs the question on the nature of officers trained at the police. The
minimum qualifications for joining the police service should be raised to
ensure that the officers who are selected are those who are up to the task in
tackling crime. Criminals have become dynamic in the manner in which they carry
out their crimes, for the same reason, it is necessary to have in place
officers who adapt to the changes in the manner in which crime is carried.
Emphasis should be put on ensuring that the officers are always in a position
to face any nature of crime. Response to crime should not only be focused on
countering an ensuing attack but also in learning how to prevent the attack
from occurring before it happens. It is mandatory that it becomes a priority
for any law enforcement agency to be prepared to respond to any criminal
activity at the preliminary stages and stop the attack from taking place. It
would serve a long way in protecting many lives since the criminal activities
have been stopped before they take place. Additionally, the officers have a
duty to uphold the constitution as they carry out their activities. In doing
so, the officers would promote effectiveness in the course of working.
Law enforcement agencies have a
duty to ensure maximum protection of civilians from any form of attack. Working
with other relevant stakeholders, it is vital that the officers act in a manner
that is likely to sustain law and order. There are key issues to be considered
when executing the functions of policing. Professionalism is important as the
they discharge their duties. An officer who apprehends a particular criminal
must ensure they follow due process in making sure that they are brought to
book. Technology is the other factor that is significant in policing. The law
enforcement agencies must ensure that they take advantage of the technological
advancements being witnessed in the recent times. Fortunately, the same has
been observed with the introduction of cameras and other gadgets that
facilitate the execution of police duties. Law enforcement officers must always
ensure that their community development plans are up to date and functional. Law enforcement agencies have the mandate
of promoting safety amongst the citizens of a given country, and to achieve the
same it is important to provide the necessary equipment and facilities to them.
S. (2002, Feb 13). New drill in law enforcement: Ready, aim, hire! The
Grant, J. K. (2002). Ethics and law
enforcement. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 71(12),
II, R. E. (2012, January 1st). The Future of
Seizure Analysis: : Challenges to Terry for the Twenty First Century. Ebsco Host, p. 937.
Klare, J. (2013, October 1st). Information
Tech. Ebsco Host, pp. 12-15.
Michelson, R. (2006). Succession planning for
police leadership. The Police Chief, 73(6),
NIJ. (2014, June 18th). The Measurement of Police Integrity. Retrieved from Nationa
Institute of Justice: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/181465.pdf
O, E. P., & Armstrong, D. A. (2001).
Higher education and law enforcement career paths:
the road to success paved by degree? Journal of Criminal Justice Education,
77-99. Retrieved from
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futurists. Retrieved from
Schafer, J. A. (2008). Effective police leadership:
Experiences and perspectives of law
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Singhapakdi, A., Kraft, K. L., Vitell, S., J.,
& Rallapalli, K. C. (1995). The perceived importance
ethics and social responsibility on organizational effectiveness: A survey of
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Peak, K. J. (2012). Policing America: Challenges and Best
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writing need help
For your final capstone project you
will create a professional electronic portfolio that can be used to help with
future job obtainment or promotions. You are encouraged to draw upon research and
assignments from previous Law Enforcement Administration courses to create your
e-portfolio. Using Microsoft Word, you will include all of the following
components in this electronic portfolio:
letter and resume for a potential job or promotion (two to three pages)
If you do not have a specific job in mind, you may use your hometown as
your place of employment.
of Conduct and Effective Leadership (one to two pages)
In LEA316: Ethics in Law Enforcement, you wrote a final paper analyzing
ethical theories and your moral beliefs. Drawing upon your research
for this paper and the topics covered in this capstone, write a code of
conduct that you think every police officer should follow. Then, explain
how this code of conduct promotes good leadership and integrity in law
Development Plan (six to eight pages)
You are the leader of your agency’s planning and research division and
have been asked to present a critical analysis of policing as it will
appear ten years into the future. Write a report based on peer-reviewed
research. Refer to the Community
Development Plan Instructions for the required components of
this portion of your e-portfolio.
Proposal (one to two pages)
Identify three types of technology
that will be useful for your hometown agency to adopt in the future in
order to maintain an effective law enforcement agency. Please use research
Table of contents
Cover letter and resume for a potential job or promotion (two to three pages)
Code of Conduct and Effective Leadership
Community Development Plan .
Technology Proposal (one to two pages)
Identify three types of technology that will be useful for your hometown agency
to adopt in the future in order to maintain an effective law enforcement
agency. Please use research to explain.
you please help with the page numbers they are not on proper pages in table of
contents , with the paper you just did there are references listed but no in
text citations. there are parts that have a lot of writing and no references
please advise thanks
tried to fix the page numbers but they erase there are also references listed but no in text does technology have enough covered thanks please look over for errors