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1.     Discuss the various cancers of concern to men and to women.

Jul 27th, 2015

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Five Most Dangerous Cancers in Males

1. Lung & bronchus - 87,260 male deaths in 2013
Lung and bronchial cancer causes more deaths in the United States than any other type of cancer in both men and women. Although survival rates have increased over the years, thanks to improved treatments, the outlook is still bleak. The one-year survival rate for lung cancer is around 50 percent, yet the five-year survival rate is only 16 percent.

The main cause of these two cancers is the use of tobacco products, making it very preventable.

2. Prostate - 29,720 male deaths in 2013
Prostate is the second-leading cause of cancer-related death in men, and an estimated 1 in 6 men in the United States will be diagnosed during their lifetime. Survival rates are directly associated with early detection, so men are advised to get screened every year. Males who are diagnosed early have a 98 percent survival rate.

3. Colon & rectum - 26,300 male deaths in 2013
The third most common cancer in men and women, colon and rectal cancer cases begin as clumps of benign cells, called polyps. Over time, these cells become cancerous. Screening is recommended for men over the age of 50, earlier if the patient is at an increased risk of development, to detect the polyps before they become cancerous.

4. Pancreas - 19,480 male deaths in 2013
Because pancreatic cancer progresses rapidly, and no method of early detection has been discovered, it is one of the most dangerous types of cancer. The one-year survival rate is 25 percent, and the five-year survival rate sits at only 6 percent.

While the cause of pancreatic cancer is still not well understood, obesity and tobacco use are known to increase the risk.

5. Liver & intrahepatic bile duct - 14,890 male deaths in 2013
Liver cancer occurs more often in men than women and most commonly affects those with liver damage caused by alcohol abuse, birth defects or chronic infection associated with diseases, such as hepatitis C or cirrhosis. Liver cancer is dangerous because it does not cause symptoms until it is in later stages, and early detection is difficult.

Five Most Dangerous Cancers in Females

1. Lung & bronchus - 72,220 female deaths in 2013
As with men, lung and bronchial cancer is the leading cause of cancerous deaths in women. The rate of female deaths associated with lung cancer increased steadily for decades, in conjunction with the increasing number of women who smoked, and only recently leveled off in 2003.

Women can also avoid lung and bronchial cancer by avoiding the use of tobacco products.

2. Breast - 39,620 female deaths in 2013
Prior to 1987, breast cancer killed more females than lung cancer. Though breast cancer now sits at No.2 in the United States, it is still the leading cancer-killer in women worldwide. Awareness for breast cancer screenings and encouraging self-examination has improved early detection and survival rates over the past several decades, making today’s five-year survival rate 90 percent.

3. Colon & rectum - 24,530 female deaths in 2013
One in 21 females will develop colon or rectal cancer in their lifetime. Like males, females should begin receiving colon cancer screenings at the age of 50, and earlier if there is an increased risk of development. Thanks to early detection from these screenings, colon cancer incidence rates decreased by 4.1 percent from 2005 to 2009 in adults age 50 and older.

4. Pancreas -18,980 female deaths in 2013
Pancreatic cancer develops quickly and with few symptoms, making it one of the most deadly forms of cancer. In addition, pancreatic cancer has shown resistance to chemotherapy, so new clinical trials are taking place to develop alternative treatments. As with men, obesity and tobacco use increases a woman’s risk of developing pancreatic cancer.

5. Ovary - 14,030 female deaths in 2013
More than 20,000 new cases of ovarian cancer occur in the United States each year. Because ovarian cancer does not usually cause symptoms or has symptoms that tend to be associated with other issues, early detection is difficult. Ovarian cancer is most common in older women - about half of those diagnosed are age 63 or older.

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