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Type 1 diabetes typically appears in children and happens because of a lack of insulin. It’s caused when the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are destroyed by an autoimmune response. The reason for this is still not well understood, but those with a genetic susceptibility are most at risk.There have also been suggestions that viral infections may trigger the process. This type of diabetes is treated with regular insulin injections and is also known as insulin dependent diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is known as non-insulin dependent diabetes. Insulin is produced, but the muscles that would normally respond by taking up glucose to use as energy storage become insulin resistant, causing glucose levels in the blood to increase. Historically, type 2 diabetes was seen in middle-aged and elderly people and only rarely occurred in young people.. Recently, however, it has escalated in all age groups and is now being diagnosed in younger and younger patients including obese adolescents and children.
Arthritis is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints.
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