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1.         Distinguish between the causes, signs and symptoms, and treatments of Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.

Jul 28th, 2015

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What Causes It?

Doctors don't know all the things that lead to type 1 diabetes. But they do know your genes play a role.

They also know type 1 diabetes can result when something in the environment, like a virus, tells yourimmune system to go after your pancreas. Most people with type 1 diabetes have signs of this attack, called autoantibodies. They’re present in almost everyone who has the condition when their blood sugar is high.

Type 1 diabetes can happen along with other autoimmune diseases, like Grave's disease or vitiligo.

Dry mouth

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain in your belly
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss (even though you’re eating and feel hungry)
  • Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
  • Blurred vision
  • Heavy, labored breathing (your doctor will call this Kussmaul respiration)
  • Frequent infections of the skin, urinary tract, or vagina
  • Signs of an emergency with type 1 diabetes include:

    • Shaking and confusion
    • Rapid breathing
    • Fruity smell to your breath
    • Pain in your belly
    • Loss of consciousness (rare)
    check your blood sugar levels. He may test your urine for glucose or chemicals your body makes when you don’t have enough insulin.
    • Taking several insulin injections every day or using an insulin pump.
    • Monitoring blood sugar levels several times a day.
    • Eating a healthy diet that spreads carbohydrate throughout the day.
    • Regular physical activity or exercise. Exercise helps the body to use insulin more efficiently. It may also lower your risk for heart and blood vessel disease.
    • Regular medical checkups. You will get routine screening tests and exams to watch for signs of complications, such as eye, kidney, heart, blood vessel, and nerve diseases.
    • Not smoking.
    • Not drinking alcohol if you are at risk for periods of low blood sugar.

    Blood sugars are easier to predict and control when mealtimes, amounts of food, and exercise are similar every day. So getting into a daily routine helps a lot.

    Type 2 diabetes.

    Genes. Scientists have found different bits of DNA that affect how your body makes insulin.

    Extra weight. Being overweight or obese can cause insulin resistance, especially if you carry your extra pounds around the middle. Now type 2 diabetes affects kids and teens as well as adults, mainly because ofchildhood obesity.

    Metabolic syndrome. People with insulin resistance often have a group of conditions including high blood glucose, extra fat around the waist,high blood pressure, and high cholesterol and triglycerides.


    The symptoms of type 2 diabetes can be so mild you don't notice them. In fact, about 8 million people who have it don't know it.

    • Being very thirsty
    • Peeing a lot
    • Blurry vision
    • Being irritable
    • Tingling or numbness in your hands or feet
    • Feeling worn out
    • Wounds that don't heal
    • Yeast infections that keep coming back
    • Healthy eating
    • Regular exercise
    • Possibly, diabetes medication or insulin therapy
    • Blood sugar monitoring

    These steps will help keep your blood sugar level closer to normal, which can delay or prevent complications.

    Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
    Jul 28th, 2015

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