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1.         Distinguish the causes, signs and symptoms, and treatments of tension headaches, migraine headaches, and cluster headaches.

Jul 29th, 2015

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migraine is a form of vascular headache. Migraine headache is caused by a combination of vasodilatation (enlargement of blood vessels) and the release of chemicals from nerve fibers that coil around the blood vessels. 

Tension headache is thought to be one of the most common types of headache.

Although the precise cause of tension headache is unknown, there are factors that seem to contribute to tension headaches, such as stress, impaired sleep or skipping meals.

cluster headache is a type of severe headache that tends to recur over a period of several weeks and in which the pain is usually limited to one side of the head.

below is migraine headache vs. migraine headache

Characteristics of painStabbingDeep throbbing and pulsating
Gender predominanceMore common in malesMore common in females
Sensitivity to light or soundRaretypical
Runny nose and red, watery eyePresentrare
Location of painPain located near the eye on affected side. Usually unilateral.Deep stabbing pain around the temple or the eye
Severity of painVery severeRanging from moderate to quite severe
Time of onsetShort; headaches peak within 45 minuteslong, headache gradually peaks in around 4-24 hrs
TriggersNitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate), hydrocarbons (petroleum solvents, perfume), Alcohol, napping, etc.Bright lights, loud noises, Changes in sleep patterns, exposure to smoke, Skipping meals etc.
Prodromal aura before headacheAbsentpresent
Nausea or vomitingRarecommon
Breathing issuesbreathing issues through the nostril on the side of the painrare

Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
Jul 29th, 2015

Cluster Headaches

  • Deep stabbing pain around the temple or the eye which is usually unilateral.
  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Tearing or redness in eyes, droopy eyelid


  • Moderate to severe, throbbing head pain.
  • Most commonly one sided pain; less frequently both sides of the head are affected
  • Pain located near the eye on affected side
  • Pain that worsens with physical activity
  • Sensitivity to light and/or sound
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Debilitating pain that hinders daily activities
  • Pain and Other symptoms

    • Pain during cluster headaches is far worse, significantly more severe than a migraine.
    • Cluster headaches are frequently associated with Horner's syndrome, ptosis (drooping eyelids), conjunctival injection (which results in red, watery eyes), lacrimation (tearing), miosis (constricted pupil), eyelid edema, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea (runny nose), and sweating on the affected side of the face. The neck is often stiff or tender in association with cluster headaches afterwards, and jaw and teeth pain are sometimes reported.
    • Sensitivity to light is more typical of a migraine, as is vomiting, but both can be present in some sufferers of cluster headache, although rare.
    • It has been known to strike at the same time each night or morning, often at precisely the same time during the day a week later.

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