Which statement is the best example of strong reasoning?
I am against cheating on tests because it creates an unfair advantage for cheaters.
I think that cheating on a test is really a lousy thing to do to the grading curve.
When I see other students cheating on a test or quiz, I become very angry with them.
Read the following conclusion from an essay about the importance of eating vegetables in order to be healthy.
Many individuals want to maintain a healthy diet. Green vegetables are an important element as they are high in fiber and minerals that can help in the prevention of several diseases. Although fibers and minerals are found in a variety of foods, green vegetables are one of the most abundant sources.
repeats the claim of the essay.
does not address opposing view points.
does not explain why the claim is important.
Read the following claim.
Bullying can cause its victims to experience anxiety and depression.
Which statement presents a counterclaim?
Many victims of bullying report that they no longer wanted to come to school and their grades dropped.
Even those kids who are just watching the bullying often times begin to have feelings of anxiety and depression.
Studies have found that bullies often were the victims of bullying behaviors earlier in their own lives.
Which is the best response to the prompt?
I am writing about this injustice because I have watched people harmed by this and because it promotes violence.
I am writing about standing up to bullies because I’m not sure whether that’s always the right thing to do.
I am writing about bullying because many people say that bullying is an important issue.
Read the excerpt from Claudette Colvin: Twice Toward Justice by Phillip Hoose, and then answer the question.
“We had been studying the Constitution in Miss Nesbitt's class. I knew I had rights. . . . I was thinking, Why should I have to get up just because a driver tells me to, or just because I'm black?” Colvin said.
Which is the best paraphrase of the excerpt?
She had been studying the Constitution and knew that she did not have to get up from her seat just because she is black.
After studying the Constitution, I knew I had rights and I did not have to give up my seat for anyone just because of the color of my skin.
Colvin knew she had rights because she had studied the Constitution in Miss Nesbitt’s class. And so, she began to wonder why she was being treated so unfairly.
Read the excerpt from Claudette Colvin:Twice Toward Justice by Phillip Hoose, and then read the paraphrase of it.
Colvin recalled that, “After the other students got up, there were three empty seats in my row, but that white woman still wouldn't sit down—not even across the aisle from me. That was the whole point of the segregation rules–it was all symbolic–blacks had to be behind whites. If she sat down in the same row as me, it meant I was as good as her.”
Colvin explained that the other students got up, but she did not. As a result, someone refused to sit down. Segregation rules meant that Colvin had to be behind white passengers, not in the same row. If they sat in the same row, it would mean that all people were equal.
What information is missing from the paraphrased text?
who wrote the book
who provided the information
who refused to sit down
Which site would be the most reliable source for an essay about bullying in schools today?
a government website with statistics about bullying
an interview with a neighbor who hasn’t been bullied
an encyclopedia entry about bullies from the 1900s
Read the introduction to a student’s essay.
Students should speak up when they see someone cheating in class. Doing so lets cheaters know that people are watching and consequences will follow.
What claim is this writer making in the essay’s introduction?
Students are willing to look the other way when they see peers cheating.
Students should report cheaters so the practice can be stopped.
Students are aware that cheating is wrong but are willing to risk it.
Read the following excerpt from The Hero Project by Robert and William Hatch.
FLORENCE GRIFFITH-JOYNER: Before I actually started competing in track and field we used to race in the neighborhood where I grew up in south-central Los Angeles. I said, "Wow. Wouldn't that be nice for me to be able to feel this good about something I love so much for the rest of my life?" So I chose, at a very early age, to continue running throughout my entire life. And again, it's so important that whatever you do in life, that you enjoy it.
Which transition word indicates that additional information is being added?
An argument that is based on research
explains the reader’s point of view.
relies on credible sources.
looks at a topic from two different positions.
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