Please read this and do it as it said.
- Writing with Style page 87
- One author:In text by Tran (2019); (Tran, 2019)
- Two authors: In text by Tran and Mustafa (2019); (Tran & Mustafa, 2019)
- Three to five authors [first time]: In text by Tran, Tran, Tran, Mustafa, and Mustafa (2019); (Tran, Tran, Tran, Mustafa, & Mustafa, 2019)
- Three to five authors [not the first time]: In text by Tran et al. (2019); (Tran et al., 2019)
- Six or more: In text by Tran et al. (2019); (Tran et al., 2019)
- Paraphrasing: Involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Make sure to include all important pieces of information.
- Summarizing: Involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s). Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source.
Here are the paragraph you need to paraphrase.
Directions: On a separate piece of paper, write a paraphrase of each of the following passages. Try not to look back at the original passage.
1. "The Antarctic is the vast source of cold on our planet, just as the sun is the source of our heat, and it exerts tremendous control on our climate," [Jacques] Cousteau told the camera. "The cold ocean water around Antarctica flows north to mix with warmer water from the tropics, and its upwellings help to cool both the surface water and our atmosphere. Yet the fragility of this regulating system is now threatened by human activity." From "Captain Cousteau," Audubon (May 1990):17.
2. The twenties were the years when drinking was against the law, and the law was a bad joke because everyone knew of a local bar where liquor could be had. They were the years when organized crime ruled the cities, and the police seemed powerless to do anything against it. Classical music was forgotten while jazz spread throughout the land, and men like Bix Beiderbecke, Louis Armstrong, and Count Basie became the heroes of the young. The flapper was born in the twenties, and with her bobbed hair and short skirts, she symbolized, perhaps more than anyone or anything else, America's break with the past. From Kathleen Yancey, English 102 Supplemental Guide (1989): 25.
3. Of the more than 1000 bicycling deaths each year, three-fourths are caused by head injuries. Half of those killed are school-age children. One study concluded that wearing a bike helmet can reduce the risk of head injury by 85 percent. In an accident, a bike helmet absorbs the shock and cushions the head. From "Bike Helmets: Unused Lifesavers," Consumer Reports (May 1990): 348.