United Parcel Service Capital Budgeting Data

Anonymous
timer Asked: Feb 2nd, 2019
account_balance_wallet $40

Question Description

Please explain the answer in a word document.

For this milestone, submit a draft of the Capital Budgeting Data section of the final project, along with your supporting explanations. Base your calculations on the data provided in 2017 UPS Annual Report. Be sure to substantiate your claims.

Submit your calculations on the designated tab of the Final Project Student Workbook and your supporting explanations as a Microsoft Word document.

This milestone will be used in your final project. For additional details, please refer to the Final Project Guidelines and Rubric document and the Milestone Three Guidelines and Rubric document.

Milestone One: Time Value of Money (please fill in YELLOW cells) Interest Rate FCF - Years Amounts* 8% FCF - 2015 Pv* 0.00 Total Pv* *In millions 0.00 Pv=FVN/(1+I)^N FCF - 2016 0.00 PV(I,N,0,FV) FCF - 2017 0.00 Explanations: FCF (Free Cash Flows) is the net change in cash generated by the operations of a business during a reporting period, minus cash outlays for working capital, capital expenditures, and dividends during the same period. This is a strong indicator of the ability of an entity to remain in business. Note: For Milestone One, please use the Free Cash Flows from the United Parcel Service 2017 Annual Report for the years 2015, 2016, and 2017 located on Page 2 of the Report. Interest Rate (given) - For purposes of this exercise, use 8% interest rate. ted by the operations of or working capital, d. This is a strong ws from the United 2016, and 2017 located e 8% interest rate. Milestone Two: Stock Valuation and Bond Issuance (fill in the YELLOW cells) PART I: STOCK VALUATION Dividend from Financial Statements: Read the Explanations to the right of the calculation cells for specific information on the data. Year Cash Div/share ($) Dividend Yield Stockholder's Equity (in millions) Stock Price 2015 2016 2017 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1. Stock Valuation - The new dividend yield if the company increased its dividend per share by 1.75 Year 2015 2016 2017 Cash Div/Share ($) +1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 Dividend Yield Stockholder's Equity (in millions) #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Stock Price 0 0 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 2. The dividend yield if the firm doubled it's outstanding shares Year Cash Div/Share ($) Dividend Yield 2015 2016 2017 0 0 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Stockholder's Equity (in Stock Price millions) -doubled 0 #DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 3. The rate of return on equity (i.e., the cost of stock) based on the new dividend yield you calculated above Year 2015 2016 2017 Cash Div/Share ($) Stock Price +1.75 1.75 #DIV/0! 1.75 #DIV/0! 1.75 #DIV/0! Return on Investment CALCULATE ROI (Dividends + Capital gain)/ Divide (D1 + (P1-P0)) / PO PART II: BOND ISSUANCE Newly issued 10-year bond Present Value Periods Interest Payments Future Value PV N I PMT FV Calculate the Present Value in the three scenarios below Semi-annual payment: 2017-2027 = 10 years *2 = 20 periods Interest paid semi-annually: 5.00%/2 = 2.5% This bond make regular semi-annual payments of interest. Future Value in 20 years - Enter as a positive number 1. The new value of the bond if overall rates in the market increased by 2% Present Value Periods Interest Payments Future Value PV N I PMT FV Please adjust interest 2. The new value of the bond if overall rates in the market decreased by 2% Present Value Periods Interest Payments Future Value PV N I PMT FV Please adjust interest CALCULATING PV (see help on the right hand side of the s 3. The value of the bond if overall rates in the market stayed exactly the same - identical to CURRENT BOND VALUE from Financial Statements LLOW cells) ion on the data. Explanations: Note: 1. The dividends declared and paid by UPS for 2015, 2016, a second page of the 2017 UPS Annual Report. 2. The dividend yield for 2015, 2016, and 2017 are found on t UPS Annual Report. 3. Stockholder's/Shareholder's equity for 2015, 2016, and 201 page of the UPS Annual Report. per share by 1.75 eld you calculated above ALCULATE ROI Dividends + Capital gain)/ Divided by the original Price 1 + (P1-P0)) / PO Dividend Yield - annual cash dividend per share of common sto of a share of the common stock. (Dividend yield = Annual Divide Note: Current Stock Price is not part of the Financial Statement for Dividend Yield Stockholder's Equity = Assets - Liabilities. This represents the Owners are called stockholder because they hold stocks or share of every corporate manager is to generate shareholder value. Note: Shareholder's Equity for 2015, 2016 and 2017 will be f UPS Annual Report. Return on Equity - for this part we will modify and use return o Using the formula: Dividend (+1.75)/+[(new price-old price)/old ree scenarios below 017-2027 = 10 years *2 = 20 periods ly: 5.00%/2 = 2.5% emi-annual payments of interest. - Enter as a positive number Bonds are a long-term debt for corporations. By buying a bond, t the corporation. The borrower promises to pay specified interest and at the maturity, payback the entire principle. In case of bank priority over stockholders for any payment distributions. Bonds = Debt...............Bondholders = Lenders Stock=Equity................Stockholders = OwnersCalculation: For purposes of this exercise, assume that UPS issues a new t will mature in 2027. The Future Value of this bond is therefo issued in December 2017 at a market rate of 5.0% fixed for 1 payments made semi-annually. What is the Present Value of scenarios in Part II: Bond Issuance. The coupon rate, which annual PMTs for this bond is 10%. %+2% = .00%/2 = % .00%-2% = %/2 = % PV (Present Value Calculation) - using Excel Formula Step 1) Select Formulas Step 2) Click on Financial Step 3) Select PV - you will see the formula below Step 4) Enter the following: Rate - enter as decimal, no % sign. Example: 4% as 0.04 if p Nper - number of periods where dividends are paid. For exam Pmt - payment - The semiannual payment of dividends in do Fv - Future value. Enter as positive. Example 1,000 should b Type - leave blank e help on the right hand side of the sheet) Updated: 10/2018 by RFB nd paid by UPS for 2015, 2016, and 2017 are found on the S Annual Report. 15, 2016, and 2017 are found on the second page of the 2017 r's equity for 2015, 2016, and 2017 are found on the second port. dividend per share of common stock divided by the market price ck. (Dividend yield = Annual Dividend/Current Stock Price) ot part of the Financial Statements - calculated using the formula ts - Liabilities. This represents the ownership of a corporations. because they hold stocks or share of the company. The main goal to generate shareholder value. for 2015, 2016 and 2017 will be found on page 2 of the 2017 art we will modify and use return on investment instead. +1.75)/+[(new price-old price)/old price] r corporations. By buying a bond, the bond-owner lends money to promises to pay specified interest rate during the loans lifetime he entire principle. In case of bankruptcy, bondholders have any payment distributions. olders = Lenders holders = OwnersCalculation: e, assume that UPS issues a new ten-year bond for 100,000 that ture Value of this bond is therefore $100,000. The bond was a market rate of 5.0% fixed for 10 years, with interest lly. What is the Present Value of this bond using the three suance. The coupon rate, which is used to calculate the semis 10%. on) - using Excel Formula see the formula below % sign. Example: 4% as 0.04 if paid annually. If paid semiannually 4/2 = 2% 0.02 here dividends are paid. For example, a 10 year bond pays diviends annually. N = 10. nual payment of dividends in dollars positive. Example 1,000 should be 1,000 If semiannualy 10 X 2 = 20 N=2 semiannualy 10 X 2 = 20 N=20 Milestone Three: Capital Budgeting Data (fill in YELLOW cells) Initial Outlay CF1 ($65,000,000) Cash Flows (Sales) - Operating Costs (excluding Depreciation) - Depreciation Rate of 20% Operating Income (EBIT) - Income Tax (Rate 25%) After-Tax EBIT + Depreciation Cash Flows ($65,000,000) NPV IRR $50,000,000 $25,500,000 (13,000,000) 11,500,000 2,875,000 8,625,000 13,000,000 21,625,000 $15,404,422.60 19% WACC CF2 CF3 $45,000,000 $25,500,000 (13,000,000) 6,500,000 1,625,000 4,875,000 13,000,000 17,875,000 Select from drop down below: ACCEPT ACCEPT $65,500,000 $25,500,000 (13,000,000) 27,000,000 6,750,000 20,250,000 13,000,000 33,250,000 9% CF4 CF5 $55,000,000 $25,500,000 (13,000,000) 16,500,000 4,125,000 12,375,000 13,000,000 25,375,000 $25,000,000 $25,500,000 (13,000,000) (13,500,000) (3,375,000) (10,125,000) 13,000,000 2,875,000 Capital Budgeting Example Set-up ACCEPT Initial investment $65,000,000 REJECT Straight-line Depreciation of 20% Income Tax @25% WACC: use 9% (UPS WACC was about 9.43%) Cash Flow (which in this case are Sales Revenues) are as follows: CF1: $50,000,000 CF2: $45,000,000 CF3: $65,500,000 CF4: $55,000,000 CF5: $25,000,000 Operating Costs CF1: $25,500,000 CF2: $25,500,000 CF3: $25,500,000 CF4: $25,500,000 CF5: $25,500,000 WACC- why do we use WACC rate for new projects? If the project doesn’t earn more percent than WACC, the corporation should abandon the project and invest money elsewhere. Initial Investment - always negative. Corporation has to invest money ("lose" it till they recover it via sales) in order to gain future benefit. Milestone Four: Interest Rate Implication (fill in YELLOW cells) 1. Original Scenario from Milestone 1 - Time Value of Money using 8% Interest Rate 8.00% FCF - 2015 FCF - 2016 FCF - 2017 Amounts* Pv* 0.00 Total Pv* *In millions 0.00 0.00 0.00 2. Change in interest rate and its implications - Lower Interest Rate (5%) Interest Rate FCF - 2015 FCF - 2016 FCF - 2017 Amounts* Pv* 0.00 Total Pv* *In millions 0.00 0.00 0.00 3. Change in interest rate and its implications - Higher Interest Rate (15%) Interest Rate FCF - 2015 FCF - 2016 FCF - 2017 Amounts* Pv* 0.00 Total Pv* *In millions 0.00 0.00 0.00 Explanation: Use Milestone One and Time Value of Money for Milestone Four an Two cases will be analyzed: Lower Interest Rate at 5% Higher Interest Rate at 15%

Tutor Answer

SkilledTutorZiss
School: University of Maryland

Here you go, please let me know if all is well with the work. Cheers!

Explanation
Time value for money (TVM) is the concept of worth for money at the present time (now) as
compared to the same at a future date. In this case, an amount of money is worth more the sooner
it is received.
Stock is a unit of ownership.
The return on investment to the shareholders of UPS is 5.73% and 5.34% in 2016 and 2017
respectively. From the dividend yield in the periods, and the increase in yield as a result of
purchasing units of stock in UPS, hence returns.
Bonds (fixed income security) is a debt instrument by companies for the purpose of raising funds
a specific amount of money for a specific period of time and which has a periodic interest
payment obligation at agreed intervals.
In issuance of bonds, the present value of the bond is affected by interest rates in the market.
When the interest rate goes up by 2% the present value of the bond decreases by $17,654
($138,973 - $121,319) whereas, when rates go down the present value of the same goes up by
$21,117 ($160,090 - $138,973).
Stock pricing is another process altogether which is not affected by dividend yielding.
Positive net present value (NPV) figure is okay to warrant acceptance of a capital project. The
internal rate of return which is at 19% refers to the rate of interest that will give an NPV of zero.
Changes in interest rates have an effect on the net present value. The closer the interest rates are
to the internal rate of return (IRR) the more desirable it will be, since break-even point will be
arrived at quicker. Of the three: 5%, 8% and 15%; the most desirable option would be 15%.


Milestone One: Time Value of Money (please fill in YELLOW cells)
Interest Rate
FCF - Years
Amounts*

8%
FCF - 2015 FCF - 2016 FCF - 2017
5,052.00
3,546.00
(3,718.00)

Pv*

(4,677.78)

Total Pv*
*In millions

(4,766.43)

Pv=FVN/(1+I)^N

(3,040.12)

PV(I,N,0,FV)

2,951.47

Explanations:
FCF (Free Cash Flows) is the net change in cash generated by the operations of
a business during a reporting period, minus cash outlays for working capital,
capital expenditures, and dividends during the same period. This is a strong
indicator of the ability of an entity to remain in business.
Note: For Milestone One, please use the Free Cash Flows from...

flag Report DMCA
Review

Anonymous
Goes above and beyond expectations !

Similar Questions
Hot Questions
Related Tags
Study Guides

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors