Concepts of Epidemiology and Nursing Research

timer Asked: Feb 2nd, 2019
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Question Description


Write a paper (2,000-2,500 words) in which you apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. Refer to "Communicable Disease Chain," "Chain of Infection," and the CDC website for assistance when completing this assignment.

Communicable Disease Selection

Choose one communicable disease from the options below.

  1. Chickenpox
  2. Tuberculosis
  3. Influenza
  4. Mononucleosis
  5. Hepatitis B
  6. HIV
  7. Ebola
  8. Measles
  9. Polio
  10. Influenza

Epidemiology Paper Requirements

Address the following:

  1. Describe the chosen communicable disease, including causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment, and the demographic of interest (mortality, morbidity, incidence, and prevalence). Is this a reportable disease? If so, provide details about reporting time, whom to report to, etc.
  2. Describe the social determinants of health and explain how those factors contribute to the development of this disease.
  3. Discuss the epidemiologic triangle as it relates to the communicable disease you have selected. Include the host factors, agent factors (presence or absence), and environmental factors. Are there any special considerations or notifications for the community, schools, or general population?
  4. Explain the role of the community health nurse (case finding, reporting, data collection, data analysis, and follow-up) and why demographic data are necessary to the health of the community.
  5. Identify at least one national agency or organization that addresses the communicable disease chosen and describe how the organizations contribute to resolving or reducing the impact of disease.
  6. Discuss a global implication of the disease. How is this addressed in other countries or cultures? Is this disease endemic to a particular area? Provide an example.

A minimum of three peer-reviewed or professional references is required.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Tutor Answer

School: Rice University




Epidemiology and Communicable Disease: Tuberculosis


Question one
Tuberculosis impacts many people across the world. It is assumed Tuberculosis also
commonly known as TB is contagious disease that affects the lungs and may also spread to other
body parts such as the spine and the brain. TB is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium
tuberculosis. Just like flu and cold, tuberculosis is spread through the air. When a person
suffering from tuberculosis talks, sneezes or coughs, tiny droplets containing TB germs are
released and anyone who breaths in these germs gets infected. Despite being contagious, it is not
easy to catch because the causative germs grow very slowly. One has to spend a lot of time with
a person suffering from TB for them to catch the disease. This is why TB commonly spreads
among family members, friends as well as co-workers.
Germs that cause Tuberculosis do not live on surfaces so one cannot get the disease from
shaking hands with, or sharing drinks and foods with an infected person. Having a TB infection
does not mean that one will get sick. There are two forms of TB;
Latent TB; This means that a person has the germs in his or her body but their immune system
stops germs from spreading. Such people do not have the symptoms and are not contagious. The
infection is however is still alive in the person’s body and can become active one day.
Active TB; This means that the germs quickly multiply and can make one sick. Such a person
can easily spread the disease to others. Most cases of active TB are from always reactivation of a
latent TB.
Signs and symptoms of TB
There are no symptoms for latent TB hence one needs to get a blood or skin test to find
out if they are infected. The signs of active TB include;


Long-term coughs
Constant chest pains
Coughing blood
Sweating at night
Fever and chills
Loss of appetite resulting to weight loss
It is easy for a healthy immune system to fight TB germs but one who has the following diseases
may not be able to fight active TB infection.
HIV and AIDS, Diabetes, Neck and head cancers, organ transplants medications as well as
kidney disease. Young children as well as babies are at greater risks because their immune
systems are not formed fully.
TB diagnosis is made from chest X-ray and collection of culture particular fluids of the
body which have the active TB. The knowledge that TB germs exist in pus and sputum leads to
an accurate TB diagnosis. Latent TB can only be diagno...

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Thanks, good work

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