Winter 2019 / LTEA 142 / Short Paper #2
Due: Tuesday, 11:00 PM, Week 5 [Turnitin submission will not be available until 11:00 AM on Tuesday.]
Length: 400 – 500 Words, double-spaced.
Please submit your papers electronically.
[Please respond to BOTH prompts.]
1. Given the fact that the protagonist Sŏnyŏng’s social freedom and economic independence depends on
her work at a Western luxury goods store, discuss her “transformation” in relation to the concepts
explained in Cartwright and Sturken’s article such as commodity fetishism, commodity feminism, the rise
of consumer culture, and self-improvement. First select 2-3 examples from the film (an example can be a
scene, part of plot development, a dialogue etc.) and do a close reading of each example by utilizing the
concepts from Cartwright and Sturken’s essay.
This prompt is premised upon the connection between her “liberation,” or her transformation from a
housewife into a working woman, on the one hand, and various kinds of material goods/commodities
(food, clothing etc.) and Western cultural commodities (music, dance, English words etc.), featured in the
film as part of the narrative development, on the other hand. You have to have a good understanding of
Cartwright and Sturken’s article in order to respond to this prompt. Please make sure you also cite briefly
ideas from Cartwright and Sturken.
2. Mulvey’s article discusses men as active controllers of gaze and women as image, constituting “beinglooked-at-ness” in the Western mainstream films. How do her ideas apply to “Hell Flower” in terms of its
portrayal of Korean men in particular? You have to take into account the fact that the masculinity of
Korean male characters in the military camp town is compromised or diminished by the presence of the
US military and their wealth and dominance. Korean men in this context represent “racialized
masculinity” vis-à-vis American servicemen. Analyze Yongshik and Dongshik in terms of their actions,
their relationship with women, their behavior, and their gaze, considering Mulvey’s ideas in the article.
Your essay should be an analysis of the film on this particular topic, applying, utilizing, and revising
Mulvey’s ideas. Please analyze 2-3 examples from the film (an example can be a scene, part of the plot
development, a dialogue etc.). Please make sure you integrate a couple of examples from Mulvey’s article
into your analysis. (Cite her by briefly summarizing her ideas, 2-3 sentences, per example.)
Mulvey, Laura. “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema.” Film Theory and Criticism :
Introductory Readings. Eds. Leo Braudy and Marshall Cohen. New York: Oxford UP,
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