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PLST/PHIL 330 PHILOSOPHY OF WAR AND PEACE
TEST # 1 (TAKE HOME)
Due: February 4, 2019
Part I. Questions on Catholic Natural Law Tradition, Nardin, Chapter 1.
1. Identify the six preconditions for a just war developed by Alexander of Hales (c.
1240), Catholic medieval philosophical theologian in the Natural Law Tradition
(see Nardin, p. 18).
a. The war ought to have a meritum, i.e. must deserve it to be waged.
b. Individual ability and power to declare war. It is only possible for individuals who
have ability to make laws in society to ensure that justice is pursued up to
c. Person declaring ought not to be a member of the clergy. This is based on the fact
that members of the clergy are ordained to perform other important duties in
society besides war since any war is known to inflict all forms of suffering to
d. Person declaring war must be an individual with sound mind. He/she should be
aware of the terms and conditions of war and the associated impacts.
e. Defined intention-Any war should be meant to address an issue in society. War
should be meant to eliminate evil in society and the end of any war should be
associated with significant outcomes such as attainment of societal harmony.
f. The war should be meant to support good in society such as creating a conducive
environment for community peace.
2. Identify the three major preconditions for a just war de...