Role Of Entrepreneurship In Success Of Business

Anonymous
timer Asked: Feb 3rd, 2019
account_balance_wallet $9.99

Question Description

I was instructed to come up with a research topic and the Abstract based of 5 academic journals that I read.

- 2 pages

- Word document

- Page 1: Title Page

- Page 2: Abstract (should contain research purpose and question(s)) and Keywords.

- Formatted as per APA style.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Research Paper Accepted 18 October, 2017 SAFA1 = 0.57 International Journal of Business and Management Science Chief Editor: Mohammad Safa www.safaworld.org/ijbms23 Effect of Entrepreneurship Commitment to SelfEfficacy through Intention of Entrepreneurship and Competence Romansyah Sahabuddin Department of Management, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Indonesia *Corresponding author: krtenreng@yahoo.com Abstract: This study aims to assess attitudes and entrepreneurial behavior by analyzing the causal relationships of entrepreneurial commitment, entrepreneurial intentions, entrepreneurial competence, and self-efficacy. The student population within the scope of Faculty of Economics, State University of Makassar is 450 people obtained by using survey method then as many as 212 students as sample by using Slovin formula. Data collection techniques used questionnaires and analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM). The analysis showed that there was not a significant direct effect on the efficacy of self-commitment to entrepreneurship. Furthermore, there is an indirect effect on the efficacy of self-commitment to entrepreneurship through entrepreneurial intentions. While there was no indirect effect of entrepreneurial commitment to self-efficacy through entrepreneurial competence. Conclusion from the analysis is the level of confidence of students to become entrepreneurs is determined by the commitment to entrepreneurship through entrepreneurial intentions. Keywords: Entrepreneurial Commitment; Entrepreneurial Intention; Self-efficacy; Competence 1 SAFA stands for Standardized Acceptance Factor Average which is calculated based on the review scores. If the obtained SAFA lies between 0.5 and 1 tends to be accepted for publication with the recommended level of revision, if other requirements are satisfied. 2 Copyright @ 2017, Mohammad Safa: Unless otherwise noted, copyrights for the texts which comprise all issues of the International Journal of Business and Management Science (IJBMS) are held by the copyright owner. Items published by IJBMS may be freely shared among individuals, but they may NOT be republished in any medium without written consent from the copyright owner. In order to discuss any relevant issues or acquire permission for reprint or reuse of data, please contact the editors at ijbmseditors@safaworld.org. 3 Disclaimer: Facts and opinions published in the International Journal of Business and Management Science (IJBMS) express solely the opinions of the respective author(s). Author(s) are responsible for citing sources and the accuracy of their references. The editors cannot be held responsible for any lacks or possible violations of third parties’ rights. If any misconduct found in any published items, the relevant party may contact the editors for suggestions. Published by Society for Alliance Fidelity and Advancement (SAFA) 67 Effect of Entrepreneurship Commitment to Self-Efficacy ISSN 1985-692X INTRODUCTION Facing the era of Asian Economic Community (AEC) in early 2016, the people of Indonesia will face strong competition flow, characterized by the enactment of the free flow of goods, the free flow of services, the free flow of investment, the free flow of capital, and the free flow of labor. Therefore, in the face of these conditions, then it is time for governments, the private sector, and communities that are in unity to work together to make Indonesia self-sufficient by creating strength in various fields especially in the economic field. Then the expected change in the mindset of the consumer patterns towards productive personality-driven entrepreneurship. It can be argued that the entrepreneurial personality is dynamic accumulation of physical and psychological shape the character of the entrepreneurial person to behave and act. Entrepreneurial personality can be demonstrated by the ability of individuals discover, assess and take advantage of business opportunities through entrepreneurial potential. In this regard, there are many students who engage in their efforts to produce products or services or ideas, or ideas that are a novelty. In fact, not a few alumni oriented job seekers and not many alumni-oriented job creators. This indicates the low values of entrepreneurship among student’s personality. The education process is the activity of personality formation that takes place in a person who will shape the attitudes and behaviors as the accumulation of physical and psychological elements embodied in a person's character. The values of the personality in question, including a strong commitment to entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial intentions, entrepreneurship competence, and confidence. Strong entrepreneurship commitment shown by the attitude and behavior of people in protecting and maintaining the values and objectives of entrepreneurship in carrying out its activities. Commitment is not only a desire to become entrepreneurs and have ideas or ideas, but rather on a strong desire to create a disciplined behavior, consistent with the decision, wise and firm, and have a willingness to embody the values and purpose of entrepreneurship. Ward (2009) suggested that the capital to form the formidable entrepreneur who takes a strong commitment-based discipline and steadiness in business. The opinion indicates that the individual commitments may affect entrepreneurial intentions and competence of a person to establish self-confidence Many researchers before examine the relationship commitment and intentions of entrepreneurship with self-efficacy, as practiced by Chen et al. (1998); Jung et al. (2001); Kickul and D'Intino (2005) found that self-efficacy factor of an entrepreneur is an important element that can define entrepreneurial intentions in choosing a career and success in running the business. Harrison et al. (1996); Van Oudenhoven and Van der Zee (2002); Kuoa et al. (2003) suggested that self-confidence is a source of motivation of individuals who inspire confidence to their competence to be able to solve the problems and the achievement of business objectives. Thus, it can be argued that confidence is the confidence level inherent in a person who became the motivation to determine success. While Bandura (1997) and Tsang (2001) suggested that a person's confidence in the competencies has to be able to produce the desired success or planned. Furthermore Milstein (2005) suggested that a person's self-confidence can be distinguished by the desire to act upon the capabilities believed to result in success. Along with Peterson and Arnn (2005) 68 International Journal of Business and Management Science, 8(1): 67-81, 2018 Effect of Entrepreneurship Commitment ISSN 1985-692X confidence is the confidence level of the ability of the person can achieve success in their duties. Thus, the level of confidence a person associated with the capabilities can yield success in performing their duties or the performance desired. Competence can be defined as an accumulation of one's own resources to achieve a desired goal. Boyatzis (1982) argued that the competence of a person can be shown through his work effectively and produce superior performance or superior. While Biemans et al. (2004) suggested that a person's competency lies in the skill and ability to conduct business in a professional manner. Furthermore, Cheng and Dainty (2003) argued that the competence is a person's ability level can accomplish its task in accordance with the desired performance. While Churchill (1992) suggested that proving one's level of competence can be seen from the way duties and rates of change at all levels of the achievements of the workers up to the realization of business development as well as the consequences of the crops. Related to some opinion about the competence, Man et al. (2002) suggested that entrepreneurial competence is the totality of one's own abilities that determine the level of success of the business reached the expected performance through the values of entrepreneurial personality. According to description above, it can be argued that self-confidence becomes the main capital for every student to become a successful entrepreneur. Strong selfconfidence for students is based on the choice of several tasks or business activities that align with the skills and skills it has, so it can give birth to confidence to run and complete the task. Along with that through entrepreneurial commitment will encourage a person to remain committed to the choice of task or business activity and full of awareness to continue to build and develop their potential. Furthermore, with a high entrepreneurial commitment will encourage someone to do entrepreneurial intentions by finding information related to the smooth operation and steps to achieve business goals. METHODS Data collection was conducted by using questionnaires related to the variables studied, namely: entrepreneurial commitment, entrepreneurial intention, competence, and self-efficacy then the results will be reviewed by using SEM. Sampling Procedure The population of this study is the students in the scope of the Faculty of Economics at the State University of Makassar force 2015 amounted to 450 people. Furthermore, the determination of the number of research samples using Slovin formula, that is: n = N/(1 + N.e2) where n is the sample size, N is the population size, and e is the magnitude of the possible error can be tolerated by 0.05. Based on the equation, the number of research samples is 212 students. Research Instrument The analysis used to study the causal relationship between construct variables in this research is the structural equation model (SEM). Each construct variable is built through dimensions and indicators. The entrepreneurial commitment variable International Journal of Business and Management Science, 8(1): 67-81, 2018 69 Effect of Entrepreneurship Commitment to Self-Efficacy ISSN 1985-692X referred to as the independent variable (X1) consists of three dimensions, namely: desire, discipline, and determination. Each dimension has two indicators, so the number of question items for the commitment variable is six indicators. Next Entrepreneurship Intention variable (Y1) as a variable between the unities consisting of three dimensions, namely: the need for achievement, confidence, and goals of business establishment. Each dimension consists of three indicators, so the number of indicators for entrepreneurship intentional variables as many as nine. Furthermore, entrepreneurship competence variable (Y2) as a variable between the two which consists of three dimensions, namely: the spirit of achievement, initiative, and business development. The following construct variables are self-efficacy variables (Z) which are dependent variables having three dimensions, namely: belief in the ability to act, belief in the ability to behave, and belief in the ability to plan. Each dimension consists of two indicators, so the number of self-efficacy indicators is six. Thus, the total number of question items is as much as variable indicator of variable constructs studied, i.e. as many as 30 items of questions. RESULTS Response of the Respondents toward Entrepreneurship Commitment Assessment of responses of respondents in this study using the percentage of the total score of respondents' answers. Of 212 respondents there are 99 respondents who have less entrepreneurial commitment, and as many as 113 who have low entrepreneurial commitment. This indicates that not a few students who have not been able to make choices outside of lectures, especially related to the development of a business activity. So that not a few of the alumni of both courses are still dominated as job seekers compared to job creators. Response of the Respondents toward Entrepreneurship Intention Entrepreneurship Intention is the attitude of someone who seeks information related to the plan of business establishment. Assessment of responses of the respondents related to entrepreneurial intentions, there are 58 students who have enough entrepreneurial intention, and as many as 151 respondents who have less entrepreneurial intentions, and 3 respondents who have a low entrepreneurial intention. This indicates that there are some among the students who are trying to find the right information related to the business activities that will be undertaken.Not many of them undergo business activities on the sidelines of lectures and seek information related to the development of business. Response of the Respondents toward Entrepreneurship Competencies Entrepreneurship competence is inseparable from one's ability and skill to produce ideas or ideas that are novelty. From the results of data searching obtained respondents related to entrepreneurial competence, as many as 145 respondents who have less entrepreneurial competence, and as many as 63 respondents are worth enough, and 4 people with low value. Thus it can be argued that most students do not have the competence to give birth to ideas or ideas that are worth the novelty. While the rest can be said to give birth to ideas or ideas that are worth the novelty. 70 International Journal of Business and Management Science, 8(1): 67-81, 2018 Effect of Entrepreneurship Commitment ISSN 1985-692X Response of the Rrespondents toward Self-Efficacy Self-efficacy can serve as a benchmark in assessing a person's ability to complete a task or activity. The results of data search showed there were 161 people who have low self efficacy while the rest as many as 51 respondents who have less selfefficacy. Thus it can be indicated that generally students do not have a strong belief in the ability or skills that can be run well or find success. Such a thing that causes the lack of among students difficult to determine the choice of business or activities that can be completed properly and thoroughly. Structural Equation Model Analysis Figure 1 represents the model of structural equation and the coefficient value of the path. Table 1 (see page 72) shows some equation function. Results of processing by using a robust method of maximum likelihood, acquired full model path diagram as shown in Figure 1. Similarly, the mathematical model of structural equation functions can be summarized in Table 2 (see page 72). Figure 1: Diagram path full model International Journal of Business and Management Science, 8(1): 67-81, 2018 71 Effect of Entrepreneurship Commitment to Self-Efficacy ISSN 1985-692X Table 1: Equation function through structural equation model Item Entrepreneurial Commitment Intention Competence Equation I Entrepreneurial 0.78*KB Intention 0.10 7.77 Equation II Entrepreneurial 0.80*KB Competence 0.21 3.84 Equation III Self-Efficacy 0.06*KB 0.77*IK -0.15*KK 0.20 0.18 0.14 0.33 4.32 -1.09 Equation IV Self-Efficacy 0.55*KB 0.09 5.85 Error Variance 0.39 0.10 3.79 0.35 0.18 1.93 0.46 0.12 3.84 0.70 R2 0.61 0.65 0.55 0.30 Table 2: The decomposition of the effect of inter variable Effect of Inter Direct variable Effect Indirect through IK KK KB -- IK 0.78 KB -- KK 0.80 KB -- ED 0.06 IK -- ED 0.77 KK -- ED -0.15 0.78*0.77 = 0.80*(-0.15) = 0.60 -0.12 Total Effect (R2) Direct Indirect through IK KK 0.78*0.78 = 0.61 0.80*0.80 = 0.65 0.60 (-0.12) 0.06* 0.06 = 0.00 *0.60 = *0.12 = 0.36 0.01 0.77*0.77 = 0.60 (-0.15)*0.15 = 0.02 Based on the data in table above, values contained in each track on a full model diagram above shows the value of the direct influence and indirect influence between variables partially constructs. The magnitude of the direct influence of entrepreneurial commitment to self-efficacy showed no significant effect with the contribution of the effect of only 0.0041, or 0.4 per cent while the remaining 99.6 per cent is sourced from other variables not studied in this research. The results of this analysis answer questions for the purpose of research into one. The results of the analysis can be explained that that commitment of students to engage in entrepreneurial-oriented activities has not influenced the level of self-confidence to become entrepreneurs. In accordance with the facts, students are generally more interested in the activities of student organizations are not touching the values of entrepreneurship to produce something of value in accordance with the creative and innovative scientific field. Furthermore, in the above table describes the results obtained indirect effect on the efficacy of self-commitment to entrepreneurship through entrepreneurial intentions. The magnitude of the indirect effect is shown through the coefficient values track through KB to IK. The value of the coefficient paths indirect influence is at 0.6001 so that the contribution of indirect influence (R2) is 0.3608 or 36 percent. The results of the analysis show that there is an indirect effect on the efficacy of self-commitment to entrepreneurship through entrepreneurial intentions are less significant. It is explained that the commitment to entrepreneurship have an impact 72 International Journal of Business and Management Science, 8(1): 67-81, 2018 Effect of Entrepreneurship Commitment ISSN 1985-692X on student self-confidence if supported by an entrepreneurial intention are student attitudes and behaviors that lead to the desire to find information or space for the development of entrepreneurial activity. Lack of facilities and space for the development of entrepreneurship activities was one factor that led to the lack of commitment and entrepreneurial intentions among students, so the effect on the level of self-efficacy to perform valuable entrepreneurial activity. The purpose of further research is how indirect influence of entrepreneurship commitment to self-efficacy through student entrepreneurship competence. The analysis showed the value of path coefficients to assess the indirect effect is the path coefficient KB to KK and KK path coefficients to ED. The path coefficients are worth 0.8042 and (-0.1473), so that the contribution of indirect effect (R2) of 0.0014, or 0.1 percent. It is explained that the commitment to entrepreneurship has indirect influence is not significant to the self-efficacy of students through the entrepreneurial competence. Thus, it can be explained that the commitment to entrepreneurship built through desire, discipline, and determination have not been able to give indirect influence on student self-efficacy through entrepreneurial competencies are built through spirit of achievement, initiative and business development. In addition to explaineeffect direct and indirect partially above, based on the three-above equation to explain the causal relationship simultaneously. The amount of influence simultaneously based on the value of the path coefficients for each variable construct consisting of commitment to entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial intentions and entrepreneurial competence to self-efficacy. The amount of commitment variable contribution simultaneous influence entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial intentions and entrepreneurial competence of the student selfconfidence (R2) obtained by 0.5459 or 54 percent, while the remaining 46 percent comes from other variables not assessed in this study are shown through error variance values. This can be explained that simultaneously or jointly variable commitment to entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial intentions and entrepreneurial competence has significant influence. Based on the above analysis it can be argued that the most dominant variables have an impact on self-efficacy can be seen in the table above, is variable intention of entrepreneurship (IK) followed by a variable commitment to entrepreneurship (KB) of the Efficacy of Self (ED) through Intention Entrepreneurship (IK). DISCUSSION Based on the above analysis shows that the most influential variables on selfconfidence or self-efficacy (self-efficacy) are variable of intentional entrepreneurship ...
Purchase answer to see full attachment

Tutor Answer

Robert__F
School: University of Maryland

Please let me know if there is anything needs to be changed or added. I will be also appreciated that you can let me know if there is any problem or you have not received the work. Please let me know if there is anything needs to be changed or added. I will be also appreciated that you can let me know if there is any problem or you have not received the work Good luck in your study and if you need any further help in your assignments, please let me know Can you please confirm if you have received the work? Once again, thanks for allowing me to help you R MESSAGE TO STUDYPOOL NO OUTLINE IS NEEDED

entreprenuership
by HAL Lab

Submission date: 04-Feb-2019 07:37AM (UT C-0500)
Submission ID: 1072766309
File name: Entrepreneurship.edited.edited.docx (20.28K)
Word count: 684
Character count: 4133

entreprenuership
ORIGINALITY REPORT

0

%

SIMILARIT Y INDEX

0%

0%

0%

INT ERNET SOURCES

PUBLICAT IONS

ST UDENT PAPERS

PRIMARY SOURCES

Exclude quotes

Of f

Exclude bibliography

On

Exclude matches

Of f


Running Head: ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN ACHIEVING BUSINESS SUCCESS

The role of Entrepreneurship in achieving business success
Name:
Institutional Affiliation:
Date:

1

ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN ACHIEVING BUSINESS SUCCESS

2

The purpose of Entrepreneurship in achieving business success.
Abstract
Entrepreneurship refers to the tasks of creating,...

flag Report DMCA
Review

Anonymous
awesome work thanks

Similar Questions
Related Tags

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors