Benchmark - The primary Psychological Movements Essay

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Understanding the theoretical foundations, influential theorists, and demarcation of the three major movements of psychology is essential to having a fundamental knowledge of the discipline. Psychoanalysis; behaviorism; and humanistic, transpersonal, and existential psychology (HTE) are recognized as the three primary movements of psychology. As such, they provide a rich history of human science and form the basis for understanding human experience and the human condition as a whole. In this assignment, you will address this history, synthesize the theories, and consider applications of the theories.

General Requirements:

  • To foster retention of foundational theories in psychology, this assignment requires the incorporation of information from this course and previous courses regarding psychological theories and their applications.
  • Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing assignments.
  • This assignment requires that at least ten scholarly research sources related to this topic, and at least one in-text citation from each source be included.


Write a paper (2,250-2,500 words) that demonstrates your understanding of the primary movements in psychology – psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and humanistic, transpersonal, and existential psychology (HTE). Your paper should provide a historical perspective for each of the movements, showcase your understanding of the key components of each, and suggest a synthesis and application of the theories. Include the following in your paper:

  1. An overall historical context of all three movements. (Benchmarks C.1.1: Discuss the history and development of the theories of Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and Humanistic/Transpersonal/Existential (HTE) Psychology)
  2. A rationale for why each movement is/was considered essential to understanding human behavior and experiences.
  3. An analysis of psychoanalysis/psychodynamic theory. What were the primary tenets and perspectives of the theories? Who were the key theorists? How did their work lead them to new ideas including Neo-Freudianism?
  4. An analysis of behaviorism. What were the theoretical underpinnings of the movement? What were the primary tenets and concepts of the movement? Why were these tenets and concepts important? Who were the key theorists?
  5. An analysis of humanistic, transpersonal, and existential psychology (HTE). From what cultural and historical contexts did the movement emerge? What were the primary tenets and concepts of the movement? Why were these tenets and concepts important? How do these tenets and concepts differ across the movement? Who were the key theorists?
  6. A synthesis of these movements. How did these movements enhance the understanding of human behavior, growth, and potential? (Benchmarks C.1.2: Synthesize the theories of Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and HTE Psychology)
  7. An evaluation of the applications of the theories that were the basis for each of these movements. To what extent has the application of these theories enhanced treatments in mental health and the helping professions? (Benchmarks C.1.3: Evaluate the common applications of Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and HTE Psychology)
  8. A statement of next steps. What comes next in the development of psychological approaches to understanding human behavior and experience

These are the 11 best references I can find…I have requested a copy of A challenger to humanistic psychology…from the Author Criswell. The one I have is protected. I must have at least 10 and if you come across another feel free to add it.

Please take your time and do not rush…I have allotted for a great deal of time and is the last paper of this course. I am currently at 100% thanks to an earlier paper you assisted me with. As always do not worry about formatting, as I will take care of that.


Boucouvalas, M. M. (2016). Toward Transpersonal Adult Development. Adult Learning, 27(1), 30-37. doi:10.1177/1045159515615836

Criswell, E. (2003). A challenge to humanistic psychology in the 21st century. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 43(3), 42-52. doi:10.1177/0022167803043003004

Frosh, S. (2017). Primitivity and violence: Traces of the unconscious in psychoanalysis. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 37(1), 34-47. doi:10.1037/teo0000049

Hardy, A. G. (2016). The case for a humanistic psychology. The Humanistic Psychologist, 44(3), 242-255. doi:10.1037/hum0000033

Ioannou, Y. (2016). Psychoanalysis, time and the crisis of truth. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 33(Suppl 1), S90-S103. doi:10.1037/pap0000039

Larsson, B. P. M., Kaldo, V., & Broberg, A. G. (2009). Similarities and differences between practitioners of psychotherapy in Sweden: A comparison of attitudes between psychodynamic, cognitive, cognitive–behavioral, and integrative therapists. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 19(1), 34–66. doi:10.1037/a0015446

Lyon, C. (2013). A brief introduction to psychoanalytic theory. Psychodynamic Practice, 19(4), 431-435. doi:10.1080/14753634.2013.853480

Moore, J. (2013). Three views of behaviorism. The Psychological Record, 63(3), 681-691. doi: 10.11133/j.tpr.2013.63.3.020

Phelps, B. (2015). Behavioral perspectives on personality and self. Psychological Record, 65(3), 557-565. doi:10.1007/s40732-014-0115-y

Roth, M. S. (2016). Psychoanalysis and history. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 33(Suppl 1), S19-S33. doi:10.1037/pap0000035

Winston, C. N. (2016). An existential-humanistic-positive theory of human motivation. Humanistic Psychologist, 44(2), 142-163. doi:10.1037/hum0000028

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Psychological Movement

Historical Context of the Three Movement of Psychology...

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