Bishop Hartley The Movie 42 Historically Accurate

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timer Asked: Feb 4th, 2019
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Question Description

first I need an annotated bibliography

then a paper

in the files I have attached you will find my attempt at the annotated bibliography so it has my wesites and such you need to use on it

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Hollywood v. History Annotated Bibliography

Many students conduct research simply to mine articles for quotes to use in their papers. While finding informative and interesting material to quote is certainly one of your goals, you should also be conducting research to learn more about your historical event, to understand the characters and places portrayed in your movie, and to discover the similarities and differences between them. Writing an annotated bibliography will help add to your analysis of the event in comparison to the movie and will help you add quality evidence to support your claims.

Objective: To critically analyze your researched sources and the reliability of those sources and their authors.

Task: You will need to document and annotate at least FIVE credible and reliable sources.  Each entry should be written in paragraph format and needs to contain all of the following information: 


A complete bibliographic entry for the source in MLA format.  Use your handbook, notes from your English teacher, and/or Purdue Owl resource for formatting.  


A description of the source’s author(s) and credibility.  All of your sources must have authors.


A discussion of the source’s publication source.


A brief summary of the source in your own words. Note that summaries are in your own words; therefore, you should not be directly quoting any parts of the text. Use present tense verbs when describing the writing of an author; for example: “In his essay, “As Bad as Drinking?” Jack Roberts explains, writes, states, describes, concludes that, mentions, provides, feels, etc.”


A brief explanation on how the source applies to your topic and discuss how the source may be useful to the essay you will be writing. 

Bishop Hartley Research Guide 2018-2019 BOOKS BISHOP HARTLEY LIBRARY CATALOGUE URL: https://bishop-hartley.follettdestiny.com Save URL on Favorites Bar - Click on Bishop Hartley High School Log In (Upper Right) User Name: your student ID number Password: password My Info – Books checked out, on hold, recommendations Search Interface – Basic and familiar (Search by Keyword, Title, Author, Subject) E-Books – Digital Books Check out, read online, highlight, take notes, search Mostly informational, some fiction - Many are unlimited check-out Resource Lists – Lists from the library – for specific projects, collections COLUMBUS PUBLIC LIBRARY www.columbuslibrary.org CONSORTIUM One search for 16 Library Systems, including Columbus 23 locations with one Library Card Reserve books from any of 16 Systems – have them sent to your local public library You may use a library card from any of the 16 systems to reserve a book For further help, information, resources, tips, websites and books, see your local Librarian! DIGITAL INFORMATION LIBRARY DATABASES INFOHIO Databases www.infohio.org Columbus Diocese: User Name: catholic Password: gogod Statewide: User Name: infohio Password: power You should not need a password to use Infohio Resources in school • I Search Use the tabs to find books, primary source documents, videos, eBooks, and encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, and journal articles • Ebsco Databases - Sign in for a folder to save articles – Including the following: Academic Search Premier - Biography Reference Bank - Consumer Health Multidatabase Search - Literary Reference Center - Points of View Reference Center Science Reference Center • Additional databases: Facts on File Science Online - Literature Online • Online Encyclopedia World Book Academic - Sign in to My Research to save articles Columbus Public Library Databases - Requires a Columbus Library Card number www.columbuslibrary.org – Research Tab - Research Tools A-Z • Gale Databases - Sign in for a folder to save articles Artemis Literary Sources & Literature Criticism Online Biography in Context History in Context Opposing Viewpoints in Context • Proquest Direct - Sign in for a folder to save articles • Other Databases: Columbus Dispatch, Electronic Edition - Culturegrams – Newsbank **Other Public Library Systems have similar databases – you need a card for that system** “Google is not a synonym for research.” re·search Systematic investigation or inquiry aimed at contributing to knowledge of a theory, topic, etc., by careful consideration, observation, or study of a subject. http://www.oed.com/ Research is: • • • • • • Driven by a question or problem that then guides the process Seeking information with a clear goal in mind A process, which works best when done step- by-step. The steps may need to be repeated, as the process is reiterative Collection and interpretation of data in an attempt to resolve the problem or answer the question Going beyond facts and old ideas Taking a new look at the information and taking a stand Research is not: • • • • • Copying and pasting information you find through a Google search Combining a paragraph from one article with a couple of paragraphs from websites. That's plagiarism. Writing a "report" Rearranging facts Rewording each phrase and citing each source. That's just a summary of facts with someone else's name on them and still can be classified as plagiarism. Words for the wise student: • • • • • Remember, begin with a "wide net" in your search and then narrow your search results from there. You will generally find more information than with a very narrow search. Don't wear "blinders" as you look for information on your topic. If you only look for specific information to answer a specific question, you may miss many opportunities to broaden your understanding of your topic. Allow for surprises- you may find your views on your topic will change and take you in an entirely new direction. Remember that research is searching again and again (re - search). In the process of doing research, you will be looking at information that others have looked at before, trying to see something that they have not seen. DATABASES • • • You will use these exclusively in college • Learn now how to navigate them now • You will not use every database – use what works for you and your research purpose • Databases are sometimes called the "deep web" or "invisible web" because their information is usually only accessible through paid subscriptions using passwords and isn't usually found (indexed) by search engines such as Google. • Database records are organized using a variety of indexes such as author and subject but are keyword searchable as well. Databases are either subject specific or content specific Databases contain information that has been checked for accuracy, bias, and authority. You can trust the information you find in databases, unlike on the web or through Google searches. TIPS FOR SUCCESSFUL SEARCHING 1. Brainstorm all of the possible words under which information could be found before you begin your search. For example, if your topic is “eating disorders,” do not just limit yourself to searching those words. Instead, search words such as “anorexia nervosa,” “extreme dieting,” “bulimia,” etc. Sometimes be very specific, sometimes less specific. Try many different search terms. 2. Try placing your search words in quotations marks. This helps narrow the search to the exact phrase in the quotation marks. If you do not put your search in quotation marks, then the search engine provides links to websites with any one of the words in your search. 3. Try both singular and plural versions of search words 4. Use Boolean logic to limit and refine results in the search bar And or + gives you results with multiple words not or – eliminates unwanted results or let’s you use synonyms 5. Use truncation – placing a symbol after the first part of a word in order to return multiple variations of that word. For example, driv* will return driving, driver, drivers, driver’s, drive, drives. Sometimes you may have to use # rather than *. This also helps with alternate spellings, like theater in the US and theatre in England. And it helps if you cannot spell the whole word – Azer* for Azerbaijan. 6. Always use Advanced Search and Filter Features – Full Text, Peer Reviewed, Specific Dates, Subjects, Publications, 7. Read each link on the first page of your results before you choose to click; start below the “sponsored” links. The snippet on the results page can tell you much about the resource is before you click on it. Look for domain names – org, gov, edu, as well as well known organizations, universities, museums, hospitals 8. Stick to the results that are on the first couple pages given by the search engine, they are often the most relevant 9. Use the links in a resource to lead you to more information and additional resources – even if you do not use the resource itself Use the CRAAP Test as a guide to critically evaluate information on the Web. 1. Currency: the timeliness of the information When was the information published or posted? Has the information been revised or updated? Is the information current or out-of date for your topic? Are the links functional? 2. Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question? Who is the intended audience? Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)? Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use? Would you be comfortable using this source for a research paper? 3. Authority: the source of the information Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor? Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given? What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given? What are the author's qualifications to write on the topic? Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address? Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? 4. Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content, and Where does the information come from? Is the information supported by evidence? Has the information been reviewed or refereed? Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge? Does the information agree with other sources? Does the language or tone seem biased and free of emotion? Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors? 5. Purpose: the reason the information exists What is the purpose of the information? to inform? teach? sell? entertain? persuade? Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear? Is the information fact? opinion? propaganda? Does the point of view appear objective and impartial? Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?
Hollywood v. History Annotated Bibliography Many students conduct research simply to mine articles for quotes to use in their papers. While finding informative and interesting material to quote is certainly one of your goals, you should also be conducting research to learn more about your historical event, to understand the characters and places portrayed in your movie, and to discover the similarities and differences between them. Writing an annotated bibliography will help add to your analysis of the event in comparison to the movie and will help you add quality evidence to support your claims. Objective: To critically analyze your researched sources and the reliability of those sources and their authors. Task: You will need to document and annotate at least FIVE credible and reliable sources. Each entry should be written in paragraph format and needs to contain all of the following information: a. A complete bibliographic entry for the source in MLA format. Use your handbook, notes from your English teacher, and/or Purdue Owl resource for formatting. b. A description of the source’s author(s) and credibility. All of your sources must have authors. c. A discussion of the source’s publication source. d. A brief summary of the source in your own words. Note that summaries are in your own words; therefore, you should not be directly quoting any parts of the text. Use present tense verbs when describing the writing of an author; for example: “In his essay, “As Bad as Drinking?” Jack Roberts explains, writes, states, describes, concludes that, mentions, provides, feels, etc.” e. A brief explanation on how the source applies to your topic and discuss how the source may be useful to the essay you will be writing. Source Requirements: You are asked to compile at least FIVE sources for the purposes of research. Note that the final paper requires at least four, but during the research phase, it is helpful to have options. There is also the possibility that some sources may not be as reliable or relevant, and therefore are phased out during the drafting phase of your paper. ● Primary sources: At least 1 source needs to be a primary source. We encourage you to use more than 1. ● Secondary Sources: At least 4 sources need to be reliable secondary sources. No open/editable sources (e.g. Wikipedia). ● One of your sources must be a BOOK. Format and Design: You must use 12 pt. Times New Roman font, double-spaced, 1-inch margins, with a header of your name, teacher last name, the class, and the date on the first page, and last name and page number on every page. Evaluation: Project worth a total of 35 points, distributed as follows: ● 5 points for including a citation and description of each source (5 sources x 5pts. = 25ts.) ● 5 points for meeting the source requirements ● 5 points for meeting the format and design requirements Bibliographies will be submitted to TurnItIn.com (both English and History classes) by January 22nd by 11:59 pm.
Mcmillen Donna McMillen English 11 Dues 1/23/19 Annotated Bibliography Briley, R. (n.d.). How Accurate is "42"? Retrieved January 22, 2019, from historynewsnetwork.org/article/151721 This article talks about a few different ways that the movie “42” is accurate to history. It gives a general summary of the movie and talks about the good reviews it has. The article also states the main heroes in the movie and in real life, “At the heart of 42 lie three major heroes -- Robinson (Chadwick Boseman); Branch Rickey(Harrison Ford), the Brooklyn Dodgers executive who signed Robinson; and Wendell Smith(Andre Holland), a sportswriter for the black Pittsburgh Courier who serves as Robinson’s liaison with both Rickey and the black community.” This will help my essay by being able to tell how the heroes in the story relate to the heros in this story in real life. IT also talks about the one who decided to hire jackie robinson to play and why he did it, “Initially, Rickey, played by an almost unrecognizable Harrison Ford, asserts that his primary motivation was color -- the green color of money which does not discriminate between white and black spectators. In other words, the signing of black players would attract black fans and their dollars. And money was certainly important to Rickey who enjoyed a miserly reputation in his salary negotiations with players.” This also relates the story to real life by stating why he did what he did. The author of this website is Ron Briley. “Ron Briley has taught American history and film classes at Sandia Preparatory School in Albuquerque, New Mexico, for the last thirty-five years” Ron briley has been an author for a very long time and has wrote many different books about many things, “ In addition to numerous scholarly articles and presentations, he has written and edited Class at Bat, Class on Deck, and Gender in the Hole (2003), James T. Farrell's Dreaming Baseball (2007), All-Stars and Movie Stars (2008), The Politics of Baseball (2010), and The Baseball Film in Postwar America (2011).” He is credible to write this article because he has written many pas books about baseball and different things about them. “The Ambivalent Legacy of Elia Kazan.” Google Books, books.google.com/books/about/ The_Ambivalent_Legacy_of_Elia_Kazan.html?id=CYfHDAEACAAJ&source=kp_author_descript ion. Lang, K. (2014, August 02). 42 Movie vs. 42 True Story - Real Branch Rickey, Jackie Robinson. Retrieved January 22, 2019, from www.historyvshollywood.com/reelfaces /42-movie-jackierobinson.php On this website it states many different questions someone might have about this movie and the accuracy of it to history. Each question is answered by a credible author/ website. For example, “Did some of the players really start a petition against Jackie Robinson? Yes. During training camp, teammate Dixie Walker instigated a petition against Jackie Robinson. Though it was supported by some of the players, others like Pee Wee Reese refused to sign it. "It didn't matter to me whether he was black or green," Reese later said, "he had a right to be there, too." -NYTimes.com” This question was answered by the new york times and this is just one of the many questions answered about the history in this article. Another example is, “Was phillies manager really asked to pose with Jackie Robinson? Dodgers general manager Branch Rickey commented, "Chapman did more than anybody to unite the Dodgers. When he poured out that string of unconscionable abuse, he solidified and unified thirty men, not one of whom was willing to sit by and see someone kick around a man who had his hands tied behind his back—Chapman made Jackie a real member of the Dodgers." -Jackie Robinson Autobiography” This was written by the jackie robinson autobiography and also answers a frequently asked question of the historically accuracy of this movie. There are many authors of this article and they are all credible in their own ways. They all answer different questions differently. Neyer, R. (2013, April 20). Digging into the facts of "42". Retrieved January 22, 2019, from www.sbnation.com/2013/4/19/4240660/fact-checking-42-jackie-robinson-movie This article is written by Rob Neyer. This article summarizes the movie and answers the question of “Did the movie 42 get their facts straight?” It descibes the movie and says how him and most of his friends also think the movie is flawed. It states a few places where it is historically incorrect for example, “ In the movie, Jackie Robinson is the only black player at spring training with the Montreal Royals in 1946; in real life, pitcher John Wright was there, too. In the movie, it's Jackie Robinson and writer Wendell Smith braving segregationist Florida; in real life, it was Robinson and Wright and Smith and photographer Billy Rowe” He also goes on to describe how things might have happend but they dont know for sure, “Maybe that actually happened, and maybe it didn't. But the point is that there is a record of it happening. And "Helicopter" Charles, no doubt inspired by Jackie Robinson, did sign with the Braves in 1952, and he did play third base for the Mets in 1969.” The author of this article is Rob Neyer. Rob is a national baseball editor so for him to write this story about this movie makes sense. More things that make ROb credible for writing this article, “Rob Neyer began his career with legendary baseball author Bill James, and later worked for STATS, Inc. and ESPN.com, writing more words for that website than anyone else. Rob has written or co-written six baseball books, including Rob Neyer's Big Book of Baseball Legends. Growing up in Kansas City, Rob's favorite teams were the Royals, the Minnesota Vikings and the long-lost Kansas City Kings. These days, he spends his winters staying warm and rooting for the Jayhawks.” “Rob Neyer.” SBNation.com, SBNation.com, www.sbnation.com/authors/rob-neyer. Reese, D. (2013, April 11). Jackie Robinson's courage as civil rights pioneer subject of film '42'. Retrieved January 22, 2019, from www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/sh e-the-p eople/wp/2 013/04/11/jackie robinson's-courage-as-civil-rights-pion eer-subject-of-f ilm-42/ This articla also talks about the historical accuracy of the artical and says, “every american should see this movie”. It states some information about jackie before he played in the MLB, “Because before Jackie Robinson donned a baseball jersey with the number 42 for the Brooklyn Dodgers — becoming the first African American player in the major leagues — he played for the Kansas City Monarchs in the Negro Leagues.” Also talks about the actors and how they learned about the other characters, “Ford told the Kansas City Star that he read ‘extensively’ about the character. ‘He grew up in rural Ohio, and I know what his early history was,’ Ford said. ‘I know he was a deeply religious guy, that he was a schoolteacher at 17, that he was a lay preacher. He never went to games on Sunday.’ “. The author of this article is Diana Reese. “Dr. Diane Reese received her B.A. in English at the University of Florida and started her educational career teaching English at Leto High School in Tampa, Florida. She later completed her M.A. in Reading and a Ph.D. in Reading/Language Arts at the University of South Florida.” “Diane Reese, Ph.D.” SPC Job Postings, web.spcollege.edu/instructors/id/reese.diane/BIO/. Staff, N. (2013, December 26). '42' Gets The Story Of Jackie Robinson Right. Retrieved January 22, 2019, from www.npr.org/2013/12/27/257389769/42-gets-the-story-of-jackie-robi nson-right This article was written by the same person who wrote a biography on Robinson. The article states. "Fundamentally, the story is accurate, in my estimation,". The article also goes on to document the movie interviews. It shows the highlights and the many things each character has to say. For example, “In the movie, Rickey presents himself as a pragmatist — "I want to win games, I want to make money" — but then at other times he says, "I'm a Methodist; Robinson is a Methodist; God is a Methodist." So he suggests that there are sort of religious reasons. But I would say, above all, he wanted to intervene in the moral history of the nation in the way that Lincoln had — to some extent.” The author of this article is Arnold Rampersad. “Arnold Rampersad was a member of the department from 1974 to 1983, before resigning to accept a position at Rutgers University. Since then he has taught there and at Columbia and Princeton before returning to Stanford in 1998.” “He was also co-editor, with Shelley Fisher Fishkin, of the Race and American Culturebook series published by Oxford University Press. His teaching covers such areas as nineteenth- and twentieth-century American literature; American autobiography; race and American literature; and African-American literature. From 1991 to 1996, he held a MacArthur Foundation fellowship. He is an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society. He is a 2010 recipient of the National Humanities Medal” “Arnold Rampersad.” Andrea Lunsford | Department of English, english.stanford.edu/people/arnold-rampersad.

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School: UCLA

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42: A Historical Analysis
For decades, Jackie Robinson has existed in the collective imaginary as one of the biggest
Black icons in the world of sports. As the first Black American who was allowed to participate in
Major League Baseball, he would earn a special spot in history for his athletic achievements and
his role as a trailblazer for other African American athletes. As with any historical icon, it was not
long before contemporary Hollywood sought out the rights to present his story. In 2013, the movie
“42”, was released. Written and directed by Brian Helgeland, the film presents a dramatized
version of his story, highlighting different highs and lows during the start of his career. The movie
also presents, though not in the most profound manner, the political and cultural landscape in
American society during this time period. Because the nature of movies, as an artistic medium,
allow for its divergence from fact, the cinema version of Robinson’s story is not entire accurate.
On the contrary, there are many deviations from fact that can be discovered in the movie, just as
there are many moments of strict adherence to reality. Both the adherence and separation from
reality allow for the presentation of a simple but accurate look into the life of Jackie Robinson and
the individuals who orbited around his story. In this essay, the film’s relationship with history will
be examined through the film’s settings and the cha...

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Anonymous
Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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