Hey, here's the doc. Kindly let me know if you need any further edits. Thanks
Running Head: LAW ENFORCEMENT
Eras of Policing
Policing in the U.S. has had three periods: political, reform, and community. The
political era which ran from 1840 to 1930 entailed the police seeking an intimate relationship
with the community, (Miller, Hess, & Orthmann, 2013). The organization was decentralized,
and the primary function of the police was to provide a range of social services to the
citizenry. The tactic used was a patrol of neighborhoods on foot. The main strength of the
political era is that it satisfied the needs of the citizens and the political bosses. It was thus a
two-way era. Its main weakness was, however, widespread police corruption and brutality.
During the reform era, which lasted between 1930 and 1980, the police relationship
with the community they attended to was professionally remote. The organization was
centralized, and the primary function of the police was crime control. The tactics used was a
patrol of neighborhoods in cars, and fast response to emergency calls for services. The main
strength of this policing era is that it prevented crime by preventive automobile patrol control
coupled with quick response to calls, (Miller, Hess, & Orthmann, 2013). The main weakness
during this era was that the lack of communication with citizens fostered with community
violence and mistrust. Regardless of how police effectiveness in dealing with crime was
measured, police failed to improve their record substantially. Crimes, therefore, began to
increase during the 1970s.
During the community era, fro...