Pre and Post Reflection

Question Description

Hi Ettorres,

Please I need the pre and post reflection for this week movie in next 24 hour, which is about the " Limitless (2011) "

Also, I need the same for the raining movies.

• Elysium (2013)

• Ghost in the Shell (1995)

• Ex Machina (2014)

• Transcendence (2014)

• The Man in the White Suit (1951)

• Inferno (2016)

• The Day After Tomorrow (2004)

• Contact (1997)

Please take your time to do them, even you do one every day because I need you to read the book and get the main points the professor mentioned in his book.

I will give two weeks to do all of them , but I need the first few in this week if possible, please

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**Disclaimer** This syllabus is to be used as a guideline only. The information provided is a summary of topics to be covered in the class. Information contained in this document such as assignments, grading scales, due dates, office hours, required books and materials may be from a previous semester and are subject to change. Please refer to your instructor for the most recent version of the syllabus. FIS 394 Updated July 2018 THE MOVIEGOER’S GUIDE TO THE FUTURE Spring 2019 Tuesday 4:30 — 7:15 PM, Location TBC Instructor: Andrew Maynard TA: TBC Maynard Office Hours: Wednesdays, 10:00 AM — 12:00 PM, Interdisciplinary B, room B366D OVERVIEW The Moviegoer’s Guide to The Future uses twelve kick-ass science fiction movies to explore emerging trends in science and technology, and approaches to conducting scientific research and developing new technologies in ways that improve and enrich lives, while avoiding potentially harmful consequences to individuals, society, and the environment. Through movies like Jurassic Park, Ghost in the Shell (the original Anime version, of course) and Transcendence, the course explores technologies from genetic engineering and “de-extinction”, to human enhancement, nanotechnology, and artificial intelligence. It also looks at the human side of technology innovation, from the ethics of cloning in movies like Never Let Me Go, and predictive justice in Minority Report, to the dangers of blind entrepreneurial ambition in movies like Ex Machina. And it addresses some of the really big issues in science and society we’re facing today, like climate change (with The Day After Tomorrow), and science and belief (through Carl Sagan’s Contact). Through these and other movies, the course dives into the increasing complex relationship between science, technology and society, and begins to unpack how, through understanding this relationship better, we can help build a better, more responsible science and technology-based future. MOVIES WE’LL BE WATCHING Jurassic Park (1993) • Minority Report (2002) • Never Let Me Go (2010) • Limitless (2011) • Elysium (2013) • Ghost in the Shell (1995) • Ex Machina (2014) • Transcendence (2014) • The Man in the White Suit (1951) • Inferno (2016) • The Day After Tomorrow (2004) • Contact (1997) REQUIRED READING Andrew Maynard (2018) Films from the Future: The Technology and Morality of Sci-Fi Movies (Mango Publishing). —1 ! — 1 of 24 WHAT YOU’LL LEARN IN THIS CLASS KEY IDEAS AND CONCEPTS We cover a lot of ideas and concepts in this class, including: • • • • • • • • • • The process and nature of scientific discovery and technology innovation. Current trends in emerging and converging science and technology. The complex relationships between science, technology, and society. Socially responsible and responsive innovation. The ethics of research and innovation. Social justice, equity, rights, and privilege. Existential risk and technology innovation. Power, influence, and innovation. The nature of science and belief. What it means to be human. LEARNING OBJECTIVES Following the class, you’ll be able to: • Use active viewing skills to gain insights on real-world science and technology-related challenges and opportunities from movies. • Discuss how science fiction movies can provide insights into the potential benefit and risks of new and emerging technologies. • Discuss a number of emerging trends in science and technology and the opportunities and challenges they present, including the underlying scientific and social principles; including genetic engineering, cloning, human enhancement, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, synthetic biology and geoengineering. • Describe the reciprocal relationship between science and society, and explain why inclusive and transdisciplinary approaches are needed for successful and responsible technology innovation, together with how this might occur. • Formulate, communicate, and defend well-informed views of your own on the development of beneficial and socially responsive and responsible science and technology. —2 ! — 2 of 24 COURSE FORMAT AND CONTENT DIGITAL PORTFOLIOS You’ll be using digital portfolios throughout this class to capture your thoughts and ideas, and engage with others on their thinking around the issues we will be exploring. Please make sure you set your class digital portfolio up at the beginning of the course by adding information on yourself and your aspirations for the course. A TYPICAL WEEK Weekly reading. Before each class, you’ll be required to read a chapter from Films from the Future that sets the scene for the week. This will introduce the movie you’ll be watching (on most weeks), provide a background to key areas of science and technology touched on in the movie, and explore some of the key themes around science, technology and society that the movie raises. Pre-class reflections. Before each class, and after reading the week’s chapter, you’ll be required to describe three ideas or topics you’ll be focusing on while watching the week’s movie — you’ll post these on your Digital Portfolio. These should draw from the week’s reading, the course learning objectives, and your own interests. In-class movies. We’ll be engaging in “active watching” (see below) where you’ll be actively looking for how the movie provides insights into the concepts, ideas and issues you identified in your prereflection. We’ll have a short introduction to the movie at the start of the class, and at the end of each movie we’ll discuss in groups and as a class the insights we can take away from it. Post-class reflections. Following each movie, you’ll be asked to post a short reflection on your Digital Portfolio. Here, you’ll be required to write about new ideas or insights that stood out for you from the movie, the discussions, and the reading. Your reflection should explicitly relate to the the course learning objectives where possible. Toward the end of the course, you will be asked to use your pre- and post-reflections as the basis of a narrative (also posted on your digital portfolio) that illustrates how you have met the course learning objectives. You will also be required to complete an assignment on a specific area of technology innovation, which will draw on the course content. —3 ! — 3 of 24 TASKS Apart from the final course assignment and self-assessment, your progress (and your grade) in this class will be based on weekly tasks. For these to be graded, they must be submitted on time. PRE-CLASS REFLECTIONS Each week, you’ll be required to post a pre-class reflection on your Digital Portfolio. This should be based on the reading for the week, the movie we will be watching, your own personal interests and experience, and the course key ideas and concepts, and learning objectives. Your pre-class reflection should briefly describe three ideas or topics that you will be focusing on while watching the movie. These should be posted before class, and should be used to guide your active watching of the movie, your participation in class discussion, and your post-class reflection. You could include sufficient detail to guide your active viewing. Only pre-class reflections posted before the class will be graded. They will be graded on the extent to which the ideas or topics you list reflect the movie to be watched, the course ideas, concepts and learning objectives, and your own ideas and interests. Points will be deducted for overly brief pre-class reflections. CLASS PARTICIPATION Part of your grade will depend on you attending class, and actively watching the movie and participating in class discussions. If you need to miss a class, please ask permission before the day of the class (unless it’s an emergency). If you miss class without permission, your class participation grade will suffer. You are strongly encouraged to bring your own perspectives and interests to the class discussions. For instance, if you have a particular interest in how music, video shooting approach and direction enhance or extend a movie’s narrative around science, technology and society, you should feel free to draw on these. POST-CLASS REFLECTIONS Each week, you’ll be required to post a short reflection (typically 200 — 300 words) on three insights or ideas that particularly stood out for you, based on the movie, the week’s reading, class discussions, and your own thinking. These should reflect specific concepts, ideas, and learning objects from the class where possible. Your reflection should ideally build on your pre-reflection, although it doesn’t have to be limited to the ideas and topics you list there. It should also draw on your own thoughts and experiences, as well as on previous movies covered in the class. It may also draw on other readings and resources as appropriate. —4 ! — 4 of 24 You will be graded on posting your reflection on time, and on the extent to which its content reflects the movie, the course ideas, concepts and learning objectives, and your own ideas and interests. Post-class reflections are due midnight the Friday after class. Only post-reflections posted on time will be graded. ESSAY ON SOCIALLY BENEFICIAL AND RESPONSIBLE TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION Toward the end of the semester, you will be required to write and post open your Digital Portfolio a short essay (~750 words) inspired by one of the six prompts listed below. This should draw on material covered through the course and in the course readings. It should also utilize the course bibliography, which consists of websites, articles, papers, and books referenced in Films from the Future. Your essay should communicate and defend well-informed views of your own on the development of beneficial and socially responsive and responsible science and technology within a specific area. It may be written in an informal style. However, you are expected to produce an essay that has a clear and focused narrative, that engages and informed the reader, and that acknowledges and references sources appropriately. You should base your arguments on evidence; and you should distinguish clearly between fact, assumption, and opinion. You are strongly encouraged to start developing your ideas for the essay early in the course. Select just one of the following six prompts: 1. Scientists are planning to “grow” the first fully functioning human in a laboratory, without natural parents, within 20 years. What are the technologies they hope to use to achieve this, how plausible are they, and what are some of the biggest scientific, technological and social barriers they face? Is this a technology that we should be pursuing as a society, and if so, how do we ensure that it is socially responsible? 2. New breakthroughs in genetic engineering are increasingly enabling scientists and entrepreneurs to design new organisms, and even alter the genetic makeup of existing ones. What are some of the most startling technological breakthroughs here, where does the divide lie between what is plausible, and what is fantastical, how might some of these capabilities change our lives over the next 30 years, and what should we be doing now to ensure these emerging technologies are developed and used responsibly? 3. Artificial intelligence research is leading to rapid advances in what AI systems are capable of, to the extent that some scientists and technologists are concerned that we are potentially creating AI technologies that present new and challenging risks. What are the realistic promises and limitations of current AI research, how are advanced AI and robotics likely to impact our lives over the next 20 years, what are some of the biggest potential benefits and risks, and how can we ensure that the benefits far outweigh the risks? —5 ! — 5 of 24 4. A growing number of organizations are investing in converging technologies, and what is being dubbed the “fourth industrial revolution”. To what extent is “convergence” between different domains of science and technology a driving force behind increasingly powerful technologies, and to what extent is it merely hype? How might convergence between different capabilities lead to novel technologies over the next 20 - 30 years; what are some of the social, political and technological challenges to ensuring the benefits far outweigh the risks; and what are some ways in which they might be overcome? 5. For the first time in human history, we are getting close as a species to being able to intentionally alter and redesign the environment and the ecosystems we live in and are a part of. What are some of the emerging technologies that are important here; what are some of the social, ethical and moral issues they raise; and how might we begin to navigate toward a future where these technologies are used in socially responsible ways? 6. Emerging science and technology are leading to unprecedented breakthroughs in how we no only prevent and cure illness, but how we might enhance human capabilities. What are some of the more realistic breakthroughs that promise to protect and improve human capabilities, what are some of the more pressing social and ethical issues these raise, and how can we help ensure new scientific and technological advances benefit as many people as possible, and are socially equitable and responsible? COURSE SELF-ASSESSMENT At the end of the class, you will be required to post a self-assessment on your Digital Portfolio that demonstrates the extent to which you have made progress toward each of the class’ learning objectives. This should be a brief summary of evidence that draws from from your pre- and postreflections, as well as any other sources (including personal experience, or achievements in other classes). It should illustrate the degree to which you can demonstrate your learning and abilities against each learning objective. Your self-assessment can be informal, and it should be relatively short. Your aim should be to show the course instructor what you have learned, so that they can rapidly assess your progress. Simply citing a reflection as evidence of achieving a learning objective is insufficient, as the course instructor will not have the time to evaluate the reflection in question. Rather, you should include explicit evidence of your achievement within your self-reflection by excerpting and explaining parts of your reflections, or explicitly describing how presented evidence demonstrates your progress. Your self-assessment will be graded based on the extent to which it illustrates progress toward each of the course learning objectives. Evidence of substantial progress toward each objective will be graded an A (or A+ if evidence of progress is exceptional). Limited progress, or limited evidence, will result in a self-assessment grade of B or lower. You are strongly advised to start collecting material and evidence for your self assessment early in the course. —6 ! — 6 of 24 Self-assessments need to be posted on your digital portfolio no later than Monday April 29. Course self-assessments posted after the deadline will not be graded, unless prior permission is requested. —7 ! — 7 of 24 GRADING GRADING The following break-down will be used for class grades: Participation in Class Pre-reflections Post-reflections Technology Innovation Essay Self-Assessment 15 points 24 points 36 points 15 points 10 points The course will be graded our of 100. There will be opportunities to gain up to a maximum of 5 points in extra credit through the course. Barrett students interested in adding an honors contract to the class should contact the instructor in the first week of classes. GRADING SCHEME A-/A/A+ 90.0-92.4/92.5-97.9/98-100 Excellent B-/B/B+ 80.0-82.4/82.5-87.4/87.5-89.9 Good C/C+ 70.0-77.4/77.5-79.9 Average D 60.0-69.9 Passing E <60 Failure XE Failure due to Academic Dishonesty [Note: in order to receive University Distribution requirement credit you must earn at least a “C.”] INCOMPLETES A mark of "I" (incomplete) can be given by the instructor when you are otherwise doing acceptable work but are unable to complete the course because of illness or other conditions beyond your control. If you request an “I”, you are required to agree with the instructor what you need to do to complete the course requirements. The arrangement must be recorded using the form at http:// Students should be proactive and discuss this with their instructor and TA before the end of the semester. Students who do not complete this form —8 ! — 8 of 24 before the end of the semester cannot be given an incomplete and will be awarded a grade based on the work they have completed. LATE ASSIGNMENTS If prior permission is sought (and granted) for submitting an assignment after the deadline, or if there are circumstances outside your control for a delay, there will be no grade penalty. Otherwise, assignments submitted after the set deadline will not be graded. GRADE APPEALS ASU has formal and informal channels to appeal a grade. If you wish to appeal any grading decisions, please see: —9 ! — 9 of 24 ACTIVE VIEWING Sometimes (let’s be honest, most times) it’s great to sit down and let a movie wash over you — to experience it without thinking too much. This is not how we’ll be watching movies in this class. But don’t worry — most of the movies we’ll be watching together are even better when you’re concentrating on what they’re saying, and what insights we might get from them. We’ll be using an approach called active viewing. This involves paying close attention and taking notes while watching the movies. But to help you, here are some simple guidelines: Come prepared. Make sure you are primed before each movie, by having read the week’s chapter and completed the pre-reflection. Pay attention. Every aspect of a movie — from the music, to the atmosphere, to the subtle expressions and body language of actors — can convey information, and spark new ideas. Pay attention to everything! Focus. Before each movie, you should have identified three ideas or topics in your pre-reflection. Actively look for anything in the movie that is relevant to these, and that stimulates interesting and new insights into them. Be inspired. Embrace the serendipity of new and novel ideas and insights that you weren’t expecting. Make connections. Look for common threads between different movies. These might be similar ideas, or different perspectives on the same idea. But they could also be as simple as the same actor, or producer, or composer, being associated with different movies, or similar settings or locations, or narrative arcs. Be imaginative in the connections you make! Listen to more than the words. The soundscape (including the music) of a movie carries with it an amazing amount of information, and can change how you perceive the movie! Be critical — but don’t get lost in your critique. be critical of the movie — challenge it’s assumptions, its plausibility, it’s use or misuse reality and fiction, it’s story telling. But don't let these spoil your enjoyment — “bad” movies can still inspire great ideas! Make notes. Don't assume you’ll remember any of those great ideas that struck you in the middle of a scene, if you didn’t write them down. Enjoy the movie. Active viewing should never mean boring viewing! — 10 ! — 10 of 24 IMPORTANT DATES JUST SO YOU KNOW … January 11 Set up digital portfolio, and complete the “About Me” page. Read Chapter 1 of Films from the Future. January 14 Read Chapter 2 of Films from the Future, and post your pre-reflection on Jurassic Park to your digital portfolio. January 18 Post your p ...
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Final Answer


Pre Reflections
1. Contact presents a very realistic version of scientific exploration because of Carl Sagan’s
scientific background. As a result, the movie presents a very nuanced view of the subject of
intelligent life outside of Earth, that is very different from what other films portray. What are
some of these differences?
2. Though scientific efforts have not relented, the search for intelligence outside of the Earth
appears to have taken a step back, compared to other scientific pursuits. Is it because of
more pressing concerns – like the maximization of the power of renewable energies – or the
settling for the fantastic understanding of alien life that less focus is given to the scientific
version of this subject?
3. There is not one aspect of Contact that appears, at first glance, to be impossible. From the
way in which Ellie comes into her discovery to the problems with funding, the book sticks to
a certain level of realism while being a science fiction film. Doing so allows it to be
particularly poignant. Yet, this is not a facet of sci-fi that is frequently seen. Why?
One of my favorite parts of the film is how it covers the subject of Occam’s Razon. As Maynard
explains, it is this concept what is used by Ellie to refute the supernatural claims that are presented to
her – faith and religion – but it is also the concept that Ellie uses to ground herself after her flight
experience. In showing Ellie’s different reaction to the Razon, the nuances of it are explored in a
manner that is often left out when discussing the concept. For one, her denial to accept that the Razor
discounts her experience, though it could be easily misconstrued as hypocrisy, it is perfectly in line
with what the concept allows. The fact that there is not an immediate manner of proving her point,
only the seemingly insignificant recorder with eight hours of footage, does not mean that what she
experienced is not plausible. From a viewer’s perspective, it is easy to sympathize with Ellie as we also
witnessed the journey she took, but it is not just this bias what makes her reaction seem reasonable
at the end. Rather, it is her strict adherence to scientific principle, throughout the entirety of the film,
what allows the audience to take her side.

Ghost in the Shell
1. Mokoto is not the only character in the film who has had non-organic enhancements,
yet, no one else in the film appears to be as enhanced as her. Is there anything that
determines who has how many augmentations?
2. The topic of enhancement, when presented in contemporary discourse, rarely involves
making a change as significant as Mokoto, wherein only a very small part of her is
still human. What kind of social processes would be necessary to implement to make
individuals will be open to these ideas?
3. Artificial intelligence is another controversial topic that is included in the film,
specifically, through the form of an AI that becomes self-aware. I wonder if the
subject will be handl...

eetorres (9013)
Purdue University

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