Lynching in American South The Case of Ed Johnson

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Using at least nine of the designated primary sources and at least one secondary source (see lists above for both), write an essay on the topic, “Lynching in the American South: The Case of Ed Johnson.” In the paper emphasis should be placed on both description and critical analysis; but there is a need to be precise and to avoid generalization. Avoid excessive quotes, especially long ones. 1-2 quotes in the entire paper should be enough. Remember that stringing together many quotes does not make an effective argument. When you do use quotes, make them reiterate what you are saying. Also, all quotes must be in quotation marks; if not, plagiarism occurs. In the paper you will discuss the Ed Johnson lynching using the considerations outlined in the table below. In order to arrange your paper in a logical form, divide it under the 5 sub-headings provided in the table: “Introduction,” “The Lynching,” “Critical Discussion,” “Historical Implication,” and “References.” Write out the sub-headings in bold before each section. Introduction In your introduction, explain lynching. Then provide a brief historical analysis

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1 HIST 2020: American History II Paper I: Primary Sources Analysis The first writing assignment is: Primary Sources Analysis. It requires reading, analyzing, and interpreting historical documents. What are Primary Sources? They are first-hand documents or original records that provide distinctive perspectives about events or environments under investigation. They include letters, diary and journal recordings, memoirs, manuscripts, newspaper articles, interviews, speeches, government documents, recordings (audio & video), and others. Historians use these sources in addition to secondary ones to produce narratives that describe and explain past actions. Rationale for the Paper As stated on the course syllabus, one of the learning outcomes in HIST 2020 is that students completing the course should be able to “analyze documents in their historical context, and construct well-written essays using basic academic writing conventions.” This writing assignment is designed to provide students this tool. List of Primary Sources The primary sources for the paper are listed below. They provide different perspectives to the lynching of a young African American man by the name Ed Johnson, in Chattanooga, TN, in 1903. The documents are divided into 3 categories: PS1; PS2; and PS3. Note the minimum number of documents required to be used in each category. Using the web links provided, download and read the documents. Cite each document used in-text, and provide the full citation in the reference section. PS 1: The Trial of Ed Johnson: Transcript Excerpts (The 2 sources are mandatory) Testimony of Nevada Taylor, Prosecution Witness, Feb. 6, 1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/testimony.html In-text citation format: Testimony of Nevada Taylor Testimony of Ed Johnson, Defendant, Feb. 6, 1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/johnsontestimony.html In-text citation format: Testimony of Ed Johnson PS 2: Newspaper Articles (Use at least 5 sources form this category) “Awful Crime At St. Elmo,” Chattanooga Times, 1/24/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newselmo.html In-text citation format: Awful Crime At St. Elmo “Feeling at High Pitch,” Chattanooga Times, 1/25/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newshighpitch.html 2 In-text citation format: Feeling at High Pitch “Law and Order Victorious over Overwhelming Odds,” Chattanooga Times, 1/26/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newslawandorder.html In-text citation format: Law and Order Victorious “Says He is Not Guilty,” Chattanooga Times, 2/2/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newsjohnsonsays.html In-text citation format: Says He is Not Guilty “Ed Johnson Jury Stands 8 to 4 for Conviction,” Chattanooga Times, 3/8/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/news8to4.html In-text citation format: "God bless you all--I am innocent," Chattanooga Times, 3/20/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newsgodbless.html In-text citation format: God bless you all--I am innocent “Funeral of Johnson,” Chattanooga Times, 3/22/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newsfuneral.html In-text citation format: Funeral of Johnson PS 3: Miscellaneous (Use at least 2 sources this category) Supreme Court Intervenes in the Ed Johnson Case http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/SCtintervenes.html In-text citation format: Supreme Court Intervenes A Sermon on Lynching http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/sermon.html In-text citation format: A Sermon on Lynching Amy Green, “1906 Tennessee Conviction Overturned,” The Associated Press, Feb. 25, 2000. http://www.truthinjustice.org/1906.htm In-text citation format: Green, “1906 Tennessee Conviction List of Secondary Sources Apart from nine primary sources, It is also required that you use and cite at least one secondary source on the theme of lynching in this paper. Books and journal articles are examples of secondary sources. You can use the books below (or any other books or journal articles of your choice not listed). Cite this source in your introduction and in the reference section. Lelekis, D. (2015). American literature, lynching, and the spectator in the crowd: spectacular violence. Los Angeles, CA: Lexington Press. In-text citation format: (Lelekis, 2015) 3 Markovitz, J. (2004). Legacies of lynching: racial violence and memory. Minnesota, MN: university of Minnesota Press. In-text citation format: (Markovitz 2004) Simien, E.M. (2011). Gender and lynching: the politics of memory. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. In-text citation format: (Simien, 2011) Wood, A.L. (2009). Lynching and spectacle: witnessing racial violence in America, 1890-1940. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. In-text citation format: (Wood, 2009) Writing the Paper Using at least nine of the designated primary sources and at least one secondary source (see lists above for both), write an essay on the topic, “Lynching in the American South: The Case of Ed Johnson.” In the paper emphasis should be placed on both description and critical analysis; but there is a need to be precise and to avoid generalization. Avoid excessive quotes, especially long ones. 1-2 quotes in the entire paper should be enough. Remember that stringing together many quotes does not make an effective argument. When you do use quotes, make them reiterate what you are saying. Also, all quotes must be in quotation marks; if not, plagiarism occurs. In the paper you will discuss the Ed Johnson lynching using the considerations outlined in the table below. In order to arrange your paper in a logical form, divide it under the 5 sub-headings provided in the table: “Introduction,” “The Lynching,” “Critical Discussion,” “Historical Implication,” and “References.” Write out the sub-headings in bold before each section. Introduction In your introduction, explain lynching. Then provide a brief historical analysis of lynching as a significant phenomenon in American history during the Jim Crow era. Support your analysis with at least one secondary source and cite it (in-text, and in the references section). The Lynching In no more than one page, narrate the events that led up to the lynching of Ed Johnson. This section tests your ability to summarize while articulating the essential elements of the lynch episode. Critical Discussion In a substantial analysis, discuss issues of (a) race and gender, (b) the media, and, (c) the justice system, as related to the lynching. Historical Implication Based on your reading of the primary sources, discuss what the Ed Johnson incident might teach us about the American, particularly, Southern past. References In the references section, provide the full bibliographical citation of all sources (primary and secondary) you have used in the paper. 10 points 20 points 40 points 10 points 10 points 4 Examples of Primary Sources citation: Testimony of Nevada Taylor, Prosecution Witness, Feb. 6, 1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/testimony.html Examples of Secondary Sources citation: Markovitz, J. (2004). Legacies of lynching: racial violence and memory Note: List your sources alphabetically and number them serially. Remember that you are required to cite at least 9 primary sources and at least 1 secondary source. Do not include any sources that you have not used!!! Organization 5 Running head must appear on every page of your paper. Use sub-headings for each points section per the instruction. The essay requires proper paragraphing, pagination, spacing, and correct font type and size. Grammar and Mechanics 5 The essay requires the use of correct grammar, sentence structure, proper diction and points spelling, and punctuation. Deductions 1. Failure to submit the paper by the due date attracts a deduction of 10 points for each day the paper is late. 2. The essay must be your original work. Any material in the paper that can be deemed as plagiarized will result in a zero (0) for the entire paper. Note that e-learn utilizes plagiarism detection software, Turnitin, which detects all forms of plagiarism. Further Instructions The paper must: 1. not exceed 6 pages inclusive of cover page and the references page. In other words, page 1 is the cover page and page 6 is the references page. 2. be typed double-spaced, using conventional font (12-point, Times New Roman) and conventional margins (1-inch top, 1-inch bottom, 1 inch right, and 1-inch left). 3. be submitted as a Microsoft Word document. 4. be electronically submitted via e-learn dropbox only. Evaluation Evaluation (grading) is based on quality of content, factual accuracy, use of the required sources, and analysis free of errors in grammar, spelling, and sentence structure. Essay Layout Use APA style. See the format of the essay provided on e-learn. It also guides you on technical matters like organization of the paper, length of each section, citations, etc.). 1 HIST 2020: American History II Paper I: Primary Sources Analysis The first writing assignment is: Primary Sources Analysis. It requires reading, analyzing, and interpreting historical documents. What are Primary Sources? They are first-hand documents or original records that provide distinctive perspectives about events or environments under investigation. They include letters, diary and journal recordings, memoirs, manuscripts, newspaper articles, interviews, speeches, government documents, recordings (audio & video), and others. Historians use these sources in addition to secondary ones to produce narratives that describe and explain past actions. Rationale for the Paper As stated on the course syllabus, one of the learning outcomes in HIST 2020 is that students completing the course should be able to “analyze documents in their historical context, and construct well-written essays using basic academic writing conventions.” This writing assignment is designed to provide students this tool. List of Primary Sources The primary sources for the paper are listed below. They provide different perspectives to the lynching of a young African American man by the name Ed Johnson, in Chattanooga, TN, in 1903. The documents are divided into 3 categories: PS1; PS2; and PS3. Note the minimum number of documents required to be used in each category. Using the web links provided, download and read the documents. Cite each document used in-text, and provide the full citation in the reference section. PS 1: The Trial of Ed Johnson: Transcript Excerpts (The 2 sources are mandatory) Testimony of Nevada Taylor, Prosecution Witness, Feb. 6, 1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/testimony.html In-text citation format: Testimony of Nevada Taylor Testimony of Ed Johnson, Defendant, Feb. 6, 1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/johnsontestimony.html In-text citation format: Testimony of Ed Johnson PS 2: Newspaper Articles (Use at least 5 sources form this category) “Awful Crime At St. Elmo,” Chattanooga Times, 1/24/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newselmo.html In-text citation format: Awful Crime At St. Elmo “Feeling at High Pitch,” Chattanooga Times, 1/25/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newshighpitch.html 2 In-text citation format: Feeling at High Pitch “Law and Order Victorious over Overwhelming Odds,” Chattanooga Times, 1/26/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newslawandorder.html In-text citation format: Law and Order Victorious “Says He is Not Guilty,” Chattanooga Times, 2/2/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newsjohnsonsays.html In-text citation format: Says He is Not Guilty “Ed Johnson Jury Stands 8 to 4 for Conviction,” Chattanooga Times, 3/8/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/news8to4.html In-text citation format: "God bless you all--I am innocent," Chattanooga Times, 3/20/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newsgodbless.html In-text citation format: God bless you all--I am innocent “Funeral of Johnson,” Chattanooga Times, 3/22/1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/newsfuneral.html In-text citation format: Funeral of Johnson PS 3: Miscellaneous (Use at least 2 sources this category) Supreme Court Intervenes in the Ed Johnson Case http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/SCtintervenes.html In-text citation format: Supreme Court Intervenes A Sermon on Lynching http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/sermon.html In-text citation format: A Sermon on Lynching Amy Green, “1906 Tennessee Conviction Overturned,” The Associated Press, Feb. 25, 2000. http://www.truthinjustice.org/1906.htm In-text citation format: Green, “1906 Tennessee Conviction List of Secondary Sources Apart from nine primary sources, It is also required that you use and cite at least one secondary source on the theme of lynching in this paper. Books and journal articles are examples of secondary sources. You can use the books below (or any other books or journal articles of your choice not listed). Cite this source in your introduction and in the reference section. Lelekis, D. (2015). American literature, lynching, and the spectator in the crowd: spectacular violence. Los Angeles, CA: Lexington Press. In-text citation format: (Lelekis, 2015) 3 Markovitz, J. (2004). Legacies of lynching: racial violence and memory. Minnesota, MN: university of Minnesota Press. In-text citation format: (Markovitz 2004) Simien, E.M. (2011). Gender and lynching: the politics of memory. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. In-text citation format: (Simien, 2011) Wood, A.L. (2009). Lynching and spectacle: witnessing racial violence in America, 1890-1940. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. In-text citation format: (Wood, 2009) Writing the Paper Using at least nine of the designated primary sources and at least one secondary source (see lists above for both), write an essay on the topic, “Lynching in the American South: The Case of Ed Johnson.” In the paper emphasis should be placed on both description and critical analysis; but there is a need to be precise and to avoid generalization. Avoid excessive quotes, especially long ones. 1-2 quotes in the entire paper should be enough. Remember that stringing together many quotes does not make an effective argument. When you do use quotes, make them reiterate what you are saying. Also, all quotes must be in quotation marks; if not, plagiarism occurs. In the paper you will discuss the Ed Johnson lynching using the considerations outlined in the table below. In order to arrange your paper in a logical form, divide it under the 5 sub-headings provided in the table: “Introduction,” “The Lynching,” “Critical Discussion,” “Historical Implication,” and “References.” Write out the sub-headings in bold before each section. Introduction In your introduction, explain lynching. Then provide a brief historical analysis of lynching as a significant phenomenon in American history during the Jim Crow era. Support your analysis with at least one secondary source and cite it (in-text, and in the references section). The Lynching In no more than one page, narrate the events that led up to the lynching of Ed Johnson. This section tests your ability to summarize while articulating the essential elements of the lynch episode. Critical Discussion In a substantial analysis, discuss issues of (a) race and gender, (b) the media, and, (c) the justice system, as related to the lynching. Historical Implication Based on your reading of the primary sources, discuss what the Ed Johnson incident might teach us about the American, particularly, Southern past. References In the references section, provide the full bibliographical citation of all sources (primary and secondary) you have used in the paper. 10 points 20 points 40 points 10 points 10 points 4 Examples of Primary Sources citation: Testimony of Nevada Taylor, Prosecution Witness, Feb. 6, 1906 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/shipp/testimony.html Examples of Secondary Sources citation: Markovitz, J. (2004). Legacies of lynching: racial violence and memory Note: List your sources alphabetically and number them serially. Remember that you are required to cite at least 9 primary sources and at least 1 secondary source. Do not include any sources that you have not used!!! Organization 5 Running head must appear on every page of your paper. Use sub-headings for each points section per the instruction. The essay requires proper paragraphing, pagination, spacing, and correct font type and size. Grammar and Mechanics 5 The essay requires the use of correct grammar, sentence structure, proper diction and points spelling, and punctuation. Deductions 1. Failure to submit the paper by the due date attracts a deduction of 10 points for each day the paper is late. 2. The essay must be your original work. Any material in the paper that can be deemed as plagiarized will result in a zero (0) for the entire paper. Note that e-learn utilizes plagiarism detection software, Turnitin, which detects all forms of plagiarism. Further Instructions The paper must: 1. not exceed 6 pages inclusive of cover page and the references page. In other words, page 1 is the cover page and page 6 is the references page. 2. be typed double-spaced, using conventional font (12-point, Times New Roman) and conventional margins (1-inch top, 1-inch bottom, 1 inch right, and 1-inch left). 3. be submitted as a Microsoft Word document. 4. be electronically submitted via e-learn dropbox only. Evaluation Evaluation (grading) is based on quality of content, factual accuracy, use of the required sources, and analysis free of errors in grammar, spelling, and sentence structure. Essay Layout Use APA style. See the format of the essay provided on e-learn. It also guides you on technical matters like organization of the paper, length of each section, citations, etc.). ...
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Tutor Answer

Vndungu11
School: Cornell University

Answer posted please confirm.Kindly go through the work and incase you feel a certain has not been met let me know

Running head: LYNCHING IN THE AMERICAN SOUTH

Lynching in the American South: The Case of Ed Johnson
Name
Institutional Affiliation

1

LYNCHING IN THE AMERICAN SOUTH

2

Lynching in the American South: The Case of Ed Johnson
Introduction
Lynching can be described as the act of killing an alleged offender without a legal trial to
determine whether the crime was committed by the suspect. Mob lynching occurs when the
public is convinced that the suspect committed the alleged crime. In the case of Ed Johnson, the
lynching took place in his prison where he was being held for safekeeping. Ed Johnson had been
apprehended and sentenced to death for the act of raping Nevada Taylor a resident in the same
town, Chattanooga, Tennessee. In America, lynching was common during the Jim Crow era
whose aim was to segregate the African American people from the Caucasians. An example is
the lynching that took place in Chattanooga, Tennessee whereby the public was determined to
serve justice by killing the person in offense and in this case Ed Johnson (ChattanoogaTimes,
1906). In the South, lynching had been normalized, and any individuals willing to help the
African Americans were also subjected to violence and death by mobs.
The Lyn...

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Anonymous
Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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