Logistic Management In Disasters Discussion

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Responses to classmates’ postings include content that is thoughtful and address all issues clearly and comprehensively; references provided for each post. please have a look on the posts.

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Discussion Board Response or Comment Logistic Management in Disasters This assignment is for the Discussion Board. Check the two posts and write a respond separately to their threads "meaning two posts", the response must be substantive and contain new ideas or information that adds and support the discussion. Faculty will assign points based on quality of response. Exemplary responses demonstrate insight, contain additional references "APA", show extraordinary effort, promote dialoguing, etc. Responses to classmates’ postings include content that is thoughtful and address all issues clearly and comprehensively; references provided Respond to two of classmates posts 1- Improving Supply Chain Responsiveness As it were all parties in a humanitarian response are connected by Supply chain. Such activities like communication and information flow, transport infrastructure and scheduling activities. However in most cases supply chain response is not as expected because of disjointed response. Responsiveness improvement will have a positive impact to the supply chain. For instance, rapid communication will relay the necessary information within shortest time and hence prompting quicker action. Quick response in terms of materials supply will ensure that the victims have clothes, shelter and food and hence alleviate suffering. When volunteers and other responders are within reach from command center, it becomes easy to call them when emergency arises (HolguinVeras, et al., 2013). A good case of a disaster where improving response is well demonstrated is 9/11 attack. In post disaster review, it was found that corporates alone cannot mount an effective preparation for disasters of such magnitude. In this case therefore disaster responsiveness improvement was necessary through collaborative effort with other parties such as federal agencies, and NGOs. References Holguin-Veras, J. O. S. É., Jaller, M., & Wachtendorf, T. (2013). Improving postdisaster humanitarian logistics. TR News, 4-10. It is evident during the event of supplying critical goods required to assist those who are affected by disasters; there are a lot of challenges that face the delivery. When the goods and services are not delivered at the right time in the scenes that leads to failure in effective response of the disaster. The humanitarian logistics require proper planning for the mitigation, detection, response, and recovery in a disaster. The logistics are known to account for 60% to 80 % of expenditure. It is evident that all those involved in the relief operation are connected by relatively fragile supply chains. There are challenging facing with the supply chain of humanitarian relief. One challenge is to create a flexible and adaptive supply chain in the upcoming uncertain world. The supply networks are known to be more complex and vulnerable. There has also been an acceleration of rate in the advancement of the technology that has introduced unprecedented and unanticipated opportunities to interfere with human life. Another challenge is the issue of global power shifts and conflicts that generate new threats to humanitarian logistics (James, 2017). Such issues have raised more weaknesses in the humanitarian supply chain such. There are also various challenges being faced by organizations that are inadequate finances, ambiguous objectives, limited resources, high uncertainty, extreme urgency and political boundaries. The business best practices are also experiencing changes. Those changes are causing hardship to the commercial supply chains. Most of the organization develop plans to protect themselves against low impact and recurrent risks and fail to plan on high impact low likelihood risks. The commercial supply chains are the ones used by humanitarian organizations, and they end up failing them terribly (Santos & Howard, 2017). The commercials supply chain fail to recognize the high impacts that are caused by low likelihood risks. Such risks need to be realized by the commercial suppliers for them to be held accountable in case they fail in their operation of supplying the goods and services required by the humanitarian organizations. It is essential to understand there must be plans set to counter the adverse effects brought by those challenges in the supply of goods and services. There are steps to be followed when the humanitarian logistics have to be accomplished. The humanitarian logistic relief engages in five phases that are planning, mitigation, detection, response, and recovery (James, 2017). There are steps for each phase. In the planning, there is the implementation of the relief plan. During mitigation, there is the establishment of a continuous improvement process. An example of a disaster that has recently occurred in the United States is the hurricane that occurred on October 2, 2017. The hurricane happened in Florida and Puerto Rico that claimed the lives of 5,740 people. There was a power crisis since the hurricane knocked down the entire power grid that resulted in a total blackout in the areas. The hurricane was named as hurricane Maria. The response to the hurricane disaster was not up to the standards since various challenges faced it and this could have led to the high number of deaths witnessed (Santos & Howard, 2017). The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s proved not to be prepared to handle the disaster in advance. They failed to send goods and services to the scene in time. The challenges were poor management of the resources they had for the disaster. The lack of resources was because FEMA failed to plan adequately for the food and fresh water that was needed in case of such occurrence. Getting to the islands was also a challenge that they never planned for in advance. The response showed that there was a chaotic and disorganized relief effort on the islands and logistical problems occupied the response. References James, E. (2017). Prelims - Managing Humanitarian Relief. Managing Humanitarian Relief - 2nd Edition, i-xxxii. doi:10.3362/9781780449029.000 Santos, A. R., & Howard, J. T. (2017). Estimates of excess deaths in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria. doi:10.31235/osf.io/s7dmu Responsiveness is a critical term, especially in humanitarian fields. It denotes the act of being able to meet the needs of a new and sudden situation or to adjust when conditions are altered quickly. It calls or the need for a system to be able to resume normal activities even after a certain undue delay. It is almost expected that organizations should be able to provide efficient and more effective preparatory procedures just in case a terrible situation presents itself. Improving responsiveness has various impacts but most of them positive. In response to disasters, the article reports that industry alone cannot be able to supply the right solutions to deal with disasters when they occur. Responsiveness requires a collaborative approach to be able to meet both short-term and long-term goals. This is because it enables industries to allocate funds for any eventualities and therefore doesn’t come as a surprise event. Moreover, improving responsiveness reduces the likelihood of adverse effects for instance in the 9/11 World Trade Center attacks, had there been advanced preparations to deal with such disaster effects would not have been too dire. Additionally, responsiveness improves the act of flexibility and agility, and this makes industry players efficient in their day to day dealings. On the other hand, improving responsiveness may curtail other activities of an organization. For instance, there may be overindulgence on how to deal with foreseeable disasters. People may end up focusing too much on the impending problems rather than the supply chain activities. The humanitarian community agrees that relief and supply chain are both complex aspects that require extra attention. References Menzies III, J. T. J., & Helferich, O. K. (2013). Humanitarian Relief and Broken Supply Chains: Advancing Logistics Performance. TR News, (287). Humanitarian supply chain management The HSCM involves managing the different factors in the system to reduce the impact for the people who are affected by the disaster. The HSCM and the commercial supply chain management (CSCM) are different in their motives and operating conditions. The main task is to mobilize the goods, finance and to administer the services to the beneficiaries. Disaster relief requires the activities in many dimensions, such as rescue efforts, health, and medical assistance, food, shelter, and long term relief activities. The success of any relief activity depends heavily on the logistical operations of the supply delivery (de la Torre et al., 2011). The systematic use of policy instruments to deliver humanitarian assistance in a cohesive and effective manner. Such instruments include • strategic planning • gathering data and managing information • mobilizing resources and assuring accountability • orchestrating a functional division of labor in the field • negotiating and with host political authorities • providing leadership maintaining a serviceable framework. For example, Hurricane Katrina On August 29, 2005. Hurricane Katrina was a slowonset, localized disaster and one of the most devastating and costly hurricanes to strike the United States. due to failed infrastructure and lack of planning for needed supplies to be delivered to the affected area, approximately 1,700 people were dead, 1 million persons were displaced, and an estimated $135 billion in damage along the Gulf coast was incurred. Humanitarian supply chain management explains that the supply chain disruptions impact to the disaster could pose a significant risk and financial difficulties Reference: Moberg, C. R. (2005). Improving supply chain disaster preparedness. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 35(3), 195-207. DOI: 10.1108/09600030510594576 John, L., Ramesh, A., & Sridharan, R. (2012). Humanitarian supply chain management: A critical review Inderscience Publishers Ltd. ...
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Running head: DISCUSSION BOARD RESPONSE OR COMMENT

Discussion Board Response or Comment
Author’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Date

1

DISCUSSION BOARD RESPONSE OR COMMENT

2

Improving Supply Chain Responsiveness
The parties that are involved in response activities during calamities and disasters
include the government and non-governmental relief agencies and organizations. The Supply
Chain plays an important role in ensuring that the rescue equipment and relief products have
reached the affected areas on time. Apart from scheduling activities and ensuring the flow of
information, other activities involved in the supply chain include transporting relief products
to minimize human suffering and supplying rescue materials to the area. There are cases of
delays and wastage of time by the Supply Chain while responding to the affected areas
(Sharma, Garg and Agarwal, 2016).
Delays increase hum...

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