HI-110-B Lecture Notes 02/01/2019
Chapter 3, pgs 83-115
Navigation of 1651 act caused a lot of problems between the
King Charles and Parliament did not get along very well. King
Charles had his head chopped off (p.42)
Colonies are flip-flopping.
Hudson Bay Company (show on tv called Frontiers)
Animal Pelts – skinned fur, they represent money. They
Here is where the French come in. They colonize in a different
French started from the north. Always came in through the bay.
They started in the city of Quebec and then Montreal. They are
on the other side of the appalatian mountains. They establish
cities and forts (outposts). Go into the wilderness to find
Mississippi river belongs to the French at this time. River makes
it easy to trade from land or from water b/c of its size. Runs
through a great distance north/south.
III. Rise and Fall of New France
A. The Canadian Fur Trade
1. Not to be outdone by Spain and Britain, France begins
building its own North American empire, founding the
cities of Montreal and Quebec on the St. Lawrence
Ohio Valley – important to have control of this b/c of trade.
Three rivers come together. Whoever controls this area,
controls the whole country from North to South. The continent
as they new it at the time.
2. The French Crown seeks to enrich itself by gaining a
monopoly over the fur trade in eastern Canada and
the Great Lakes region.
3. While the Spanish want gold and slave labor from the
Indians and the English want their land, the French
trade peacefully with the Indians, selling metal tools
and other goods…
4. French trappers called coureurs de bois travel deep
into the Canadian woods in canoes and on snow
shoes in pursuit of fur-bearing animals.
5. Th French push west and south in search of more
furs, setting up forts and trading posts around the
Great Lakes like Detroit, Presque-Isle, and Terra
Haute (Indiana, further west)
Native Americans created Lacrosse (1700’s) Played
this game for 7-10 days. One side defending and one
side attacking. The entire fort was mesmorized.
People got excited and hooked. Used the game to
distract the whole fort and ultimately kill everyone
(French) in the fort.
Walls of Jerico.
B. The Ohio Country
3. When French troops seize the Forks of the Ohio from
the Virginians, Virginia’s royal governor sends a young
militia officer named George Washington to tell them to
Started out really low (private in the army). Sent him up
from ports of Ohio to Ducesnge. Before he joined the
army he was a surveyor. He mapped out the land and
knew how to get to the fort to tell the French troops to
George and his men killed French Envoy (like an
Ambassador today) and the Indians skinned the men. All
hell broke loose and that’s the beginning of the French
and Indian War.
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