Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA)

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The Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) provides many standards and guidance for implementing effective security management programs. In a seven page paper describe the main elements of FISMA in the management and governance offered for information Systems

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Kishnewt2017
School: UIUC

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Running head: FEDERAL INFORMATION SECURITY MANAGEMENT ACT

Federal Information Security Management Act
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FEDERAL INFORMATION SECURITY MANAGEMENT ACT
Federal Information Security Management Act
Introduction
Data and information accessibility have increased tremendously over the past decades
due to the growth of information systems. This has made data and information risks to misuse,
loss, and copyright increase exponentially. As such, the institutions handling information have a
responsibility to protect it against these risks. Top of these institutions is the government which
deals with a huge volume of personal, public, and enterprise information. The Federal
Information Security Management Act (FISMA) is a federal law passed in 2002 by the United
States that made it a core requirement for federal agencies and any other organization dealing
with the government to develop, document, and implement programs aimed at information
security and protection. FISMA outlines the elements necessary for the management and
governance of information systems. A description of the main elements of FISMA in the
management and governance offered for information systems is necessary for understanding its
effectiveness.
Discussion
Importance and Three Elements of FISMA
The adequate or rather proper protection of data includes the appropriate use of and
disclosure of information by agencies and the measures that the agencies have taken to protect
the unlawful exploitation of the information by third parties. Additionally, the status and
availability of information have to be protected. These are the core competency areas that
FISMA covers. The Fair Information Practice Principles of the United States are the spinal cord
of the privacy law. These principles have an important part in the formulation of data protection

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FEDERAL INFORMATION SECURITY MANAGEMENT ACT

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laws in the US and across the world. The Fair Information Practice Principles stipulate
information security as one of its core principles (Certified Information Privacy Professional
CIPP, 2010). This principle, information security, is upon which FISMA is based.
Information security has three key elements. The elements include confidentiality, integrity, and
availability. Confidentiality is applying the appropriate restrictions to access sensitive data and
equivalent authorization responsibilities to limit open access to the data. Integrity is the
maintenance of the authenticity of the data and prevention of any modification or loss of the
data. Availability is making the data readily accessible in a timely manner. These three elements
are incorporated in FISMA.
FISMA Requirements
FISMA compliance program entails several factors. To begin with, FISMA requirements
have a basis. All the agencies that are subject to FISMA compliance have to prioritize a riskbased policy that is cost-effecti...

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Anonymous
Good stuff. Would use again.

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