HIST 101H Early Western Civilization to 1000 CE

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HIST 101H Early Western Civilization to 1000 CE Spring 2018 Exam #1 – Early Civilizations (Study Guide) Section I Directions: Be able to identify each of the people/objects/places/terms/events below. In a short answer, explain why are they significant and how they influenced Early Western History? 1. The Epic of Gilgamesh 2. The Valley of the Kings 3. Chauvet Caves 4. Cuneiform 5. Hammurapi 6. Lucy 7. Akhenaten 8. Neolithic Period 9. Assyrians 10. Ur 11. The Tanakh 12. Cyrus the Great 13. Fertile Crescent 14. Thera 15. Ötzi 16. The Phoenicians 17. Solomon’s Temple 18. The Stepped Pyramid of Djoser 19. Zoroastrianism 20. The Battle of Kadesh Section II Directions: Be prepared to answer the following questions. Answer the question completely and include some discussion of primary sources, where appropriate, to support your answer. 1. What factors spurred the development of written scripts? How did the development of written scripts affect the societies that developed them? 2. Compare the Neo-Assyrian state and Persian Empire. How did they form different types of states? How did each try to integrate its realms? 3. Why was the Nile ‘central’ to life in Egypt? 4. How did the cultures of the Minoans and Mycenaeans contribute to the development of Greece? 5. Describe the reforms of Akhenaten and discuss his role as a ‘revolutionary’. 6. Compare the Minoan and Egyptian cultures, particularly in terms of art, architecture, and world view. 7. Discuss the problems of interpreting Neolithic culture. 8. Discuss the agricultural and technological revolutions of early humans and their impact on the development of early societies. ...
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School: UT Austin



Early Civilizations
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Section I

1. The Epic of Gilgamesh was written in Cuneiform on twelve different tablets. There was a
tale about it in which the people believed in which Gilgamesh was a king, his arrogance
the as king led to his fall and this was a great lesson to the western history as the leaders
got to learn from his mistakes.
2. The Valley of Kings is found in Egypt. As it is widely known, the Pharaohs of Egypt
were buried in the pyramids. The Egyptian Pharaohs were one of the most robust and
influential leaders during their time, and this promoted their culture and popularity during
the reign and even after death (Ehret, 2002). Western people are among the people who
admired this culture and studied it.
3. Chauvet Caves are in France. They are prehistoric rock art sites full of splendor. They are
famous for the ancient rock paintings that were done very long ago, and these paintings
described how the people lived at that time (Théry-Parisot, Thiébault, Delannoy, Ferrier,
Feruglio, Fritz, & Clottes, 2018). These paintings were studied by people from the west
who were into painting and played a role in the development of art.
4. Cuneiform- The earliest writing we knew invented by the Sumerians, living in major
cities with centralized economies. Since they were the earliest forms of writing, they had
to be studied for one to understand what they meant since they were not as a language to
be read they were sort of pictures that needed interpretation.
5. Hammurabi- there is a code of Hammurabi believed to have come from Shamash, the
Babylonian god of justice. The codes of Hammurabi were so crucial that they led to the
rise of kingdoms. They were also used to make some Islamic laws thus they needed to be
studied for proper understanding.
6. Lucy is ano...

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