Leadership Assessment Style Skills & Characteristics

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Question Description

APA format and No plagiarism

Evaluate your current leadership characteristics, style, and skills based on the assessment tools you and your colleague/supervisor completed. Be sure to:

  • Include actual results or summaries of the results you collected using these tools
  • Identify personal leadership strengths as well as areas for improvement
  • Include references to the leadership concepts covered in this course and relevant issues related to ethics, diversity, and power in the organizational setting

NOTE: Just rewrite file LEADERSHIP ASSESSMENT no plagiarism.

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Running head: LEADERSHIP ASSESSMENT 1 Leadership Style, Skills, and Characteristics A leader possesses the ability to influence, motivate and inspire others to accomplish the goals of the organization. A leader’s personal philosophy influences the leader’s style of leadership. The leadership style sets the climate for the organization in either a negative or positive manner. As a social worker, it is critical to be able to identify your strengths and weaknesses and how it influences the culture of the organization. Being able to be self-aware of your strengths afford an individual the opportunity to better understand the critical role they play within the organization (Northouse, 2018) Flynn (2013) asserts there are three important styles of leadership – democratic, authoritarian, and laissez-faire. My leadership style is that of a democracy style, this style of leadership has the most positive outcome in that leaders tend to treat their employers as able beings who are capable of completing their job without being micro-managed, they have independence and the leader trust their abilities to accomplish the mission. The authoritarian leadership style often finds more productive and efficient results by establishing goals and work standards, they also are likely to foster dependence and loss of individuality. In a human services organization’s culture, this may lead staff to avoid sharing ideas because this type of leadership style perceives that employees need direction (Northouse, 2018). Laissez-faire style leadership we find that leaders are not giving their employers any guidance or direction and this often tend to lead to less productivity (Flynn, 2013). Leadership Assessment It is important to have self-awareness of your leadership style and strength and in achieving that, I completed four leadership questionnaires – Conceptualizing Leadership, Leadership Strengths, Leadership Styles, and Leadership Skills. The questionnaires allowed me the opportunity to evaluate my leadership characteristics and self-reflect on the accuracy of my results. LEADERSHIP ASSESSMENT 2 Conceptualizing Leadership The questionnaire consisted of 24 questions that placed emphasis on traits, abilities, skills, behavior, relationships, and processes responses ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree. Upon completion of the questionnaire, I realized the area that returned the highest number was skill emphasis. I feel having skills such as critical thinking, problem-solving, strategic planner, great communicator and people person are all necessary to lead an organization. A positive aspect of skills emphasis is that it suggests a person can become a leader through practice, learning, and experience. I was shocked that my second lowest was relationship emphasis because it is important for a leader to build relationships with peers and subordinates as it is essential to mission success. Northouse (2018) asserts that leadership becomes a process of collaboration that occurs between leaders and followers (Northouse, 2018). The overall purpose of this questionnaire was to gauge how I viewed leadership. The results of the questionnaire depict how I viewed leadership as skills, ability, relationship which were my strongest scores. Leadership Strengths The second questionnaire consisted of 30 questions that examined leadership strengths in 5 areas. It was interesting to see that I scored 30 in four of these areas and 28 in the fifth area. The purpose of this questionnaire was to identify leadership strengths in the areas of implementer, innovator, encourager, analytic, and mediator. I scored 30 in all areas except analytic and I agree with that as I’m the type leader that excels at exploiting new ideas, being creative, remaining on task, and accomplishing the mission while encouraging others to do their best. LEADERSHIP ASSESSMENT 3 Leadership Styles The third questionnaire was leadership styles and consisted of 18 questions that examined leadership styles in 3 areas. The purpose of this questionnaire is to measure the three common leadership styles. It was interesting to see that I scored higher in Laissez-Faire than Authoritarian. I don’t think that I believe in Laissez-Faire because as a leader with vision for your organization, it is important to provide guidance and direction to your follower. My score was exceedingly high in democratic style leadership as I believe a leader can learn from their followers and should not be afraid to allow their followers to feel respected, important and heard. Northouse (2018) asserts that democratic leadership style occurs when a leader values the capabilities of their follower and believe in their capability to perform the mission. Leadership Skills The final questionnaire was leadership skills and consisted of 18 questions that examined leadership skills in 3 areas. The purpose of this questionnaire is to measure three broad leadership skills – administrative, interpersonal, and conceptual. This questionnaire allows the leader to determine their areas of strengths and weaknesses. I received 30 in all areas except interpersonal which I thought would have been equal to administrative and conceptual, however, it was only a couple of points lower. I pride myself on being able to have compassion, empathy, and sensitive to other’s feelings or problems. I’m also comfortable handling conflicts in the workplace. I scored high in the areas of administrative and conceptual skills which is accurate in that leaders who normally have high levels of administrative skills can increase organizational productivity by creating effective and efficient processes to best manage resources, while LEADERSHIP ASSESSMENT 4 influencing others to reach their full potential. I have always been a creative thinker, constantly looking for new approaches and ideas to make the organization better. Supervisor’s Assessment For my final assessment, I used a previous supervisor to complete the Culturally Diversity Awareness. The survey showed a high score range of 108 and posit how culturally aware and sensitive I am to the prejudices that exist in society. It is important for me to understand to remain nonjudgmental and not place my bias on others. Final Comments/Conclusion This exercise was a great way to reaffirm the leadership styles, skills, and strengths I possess. As a leader in the military for over 23 years, the questionnaires I completed were spot on in describing my strengths and leadership styles and skills. Often times we do not take a step back to examine who we are as a leader and how we measure up. This exercise allowed me to do just that and reassure me of how I value my role as a leader and how I want to continue leading change in the area of social justice. LEADERSHIP ASSESSMENT 5 References Flynn, S. I. (2013). Authoritarian, Democratic, and Laissez-Faire Leadership. Research Starters: Sociology (Online Edition). Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. Northouse, P. G. (2018). Introduction to leadership: Concepts and practice (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Sage. North House Engines 10/22/18, 1:35 AM To print, please use the print page range feature within the application. 1.2 Conceptualizing Leadership Questionnaire Purpose 1. To identify how you view leadership. 2. To explore your perceptions of different aspects of leadership. Directions 1. Consider for a moment your own impressions of the word leadership. Based on your experiences with leaders in your lifetime, what is leadership? 2. Using the scale below, indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statements about leadership. Statements Strongly Disagree Neutral disagree Agree Strongly agree 1. When I think of leadership, I think of a person with special personality traits. 1 2 3 4 5 2. Much like playing the piano or tennis, leadership is a learned ability. 1 2 3 4 5 3. Leadership requires knowledge and knowhow. 1 2 3 4 5 4. Leadership is about what people do rather than who they are. 1 2 3 4 5 about:blank Page 1 of 9 North House Engines 10/22/18, 1:35 AM 5. Followers can influence the leadership process as much as leaders. 1 2 3 4 5 6. Leadership is about the process of influencing others. 1 2 3 4 5 7. Some people are born to be leaders. 1 2 3 4 5 8. Some people have the natural ability to be leaders. 1 2 3 4 5 9. The key to successful leadership is having the right skills. 1 2 3 4 5 10. Leadership is best described by what leaders do. 1 2 3 4 5 11. Leaders and followers share in the leadership process. 1 2 3 4 5 12. Leadership is a series of actions directed toward positive ends. 1 2 3 4 5 13. A person needs to have certain traits to be an effective leader. 1 2 3 4 5 14. Everyone has the capacity to be a leader. 1 2 3 4 5 15. Effective leaders are competent in their roles. 1 2 3 4 5 about:blank Page 2 of 9 North House Engines 10/22/18, 1:35 AM 16. The essence of leadership is performing tasks and dealing with people. 1 2 3 4 5 17. Leadership is about the common purposes of leaders and followers. 1 2 3 4 5 18. Leadership does not rely on the leader alone but is a process involving the leader, followers, and the situation. 1 2 3 4 5 19. People become great leaders because of their traits. 1 2 3 4 5 20. People can develop the ability to lead. 1 2 3 4 5 21. Effective leaders have competence and knowledge. 1 2 3 4 5 22. Leadership is about how leaders work with people to accomplish goals. 1 2 3 4 5 23. Effective leadership is best explained by the leader-follower relationship. 1 2 3 4 5 24. Leaders influence and are influenced by followers. 1 2 3 4 5 Submit Scoring about:blank Page 3 of 9 North House Engines 10/22/18, 1:35 AM Sum scores on items 1, 7, 13, and 19 (trait emphasis). Sum scores on items 2, 8, 14, and 20 (ability emphasis). Sum scores on items 3, 9, 15, and 21 (skill emphasis). Sum scores on items 4, 10, 16, and 22 (behavior emphasis). Sum scores on items 5, 11, 17, and 23 (relationship emphasis). Sum scores on items 6, 12, 18, and 24 (process emphasis). Total Scores Trait emphasis: Ability emphasis: Skill emphasis: 19 19 20 Behavior emphasis: 15 16 Relationship emphasis: Process emphasis: 18 Scoring Interpretation The scores you received on this questionnaire provide information about how you define and view leadership. The emphasis you give to the various dimensions of leadership has implications for how you approach the leadership process. For example, if your highest score is for trait emphasis, it suggests that you emphasize the role of the leader and the leader’s special gifts in the leadership process. However, if your highest score is for relationship emphasis, it indicates that you think leadership is centered on the communication between leaders and followers, rather than on the unique qualities of the leader. By comparing your scores, you can gain an understanding of the aspects of leadership that you find most important and least important. The way you think about leadership will influence how you practice leadership. Suggestions for Improving Your Leadership about:blank Page 4 of 9 North House Engines 10/22/18, 1:35 AM Trait Emphasis The trait emphasis approach views leadership abilities as an inherent or innate set of qualities that strong leaders naturally possess. Those who believe in this approach agree that leaders have particular characteristics that set them apart from the average person. This is why early theories of trait leadership were also called the “great man theories.” Early research suggested that people are born leaders, and leadership is not something that can be taught. Researchers have been studying the trait approach since the early 20th century, and it was one of the first theories developed that suggested innate characteristics are needed to be an effective leader. While trait theories have changed, shifted emphasis, and been reevaluated over the years, they are still used to analyze and assess the leaders of our world today. To expand your understanding of leadership as a trait: Consider your own leadership. Which of your own innate traits stand out to other people? How do these traits improve your effectiveness as a leader? How did you acquire these traits? Can you develop them further? Think of a leader in your life who had a significant impact on you and your development. What traits did this person exhibit? What was your reaction to these traits? Was it her or his traits alone that accounted for the impact this person had on you? Reflect on a specific supervisor or manager in your life. How would you describe this person’s leadership? How much of this person’s leadership is explained by his or her traits? Or, is this person’s leadership explained more by how he or she acts toward you (i.e., a behavior emphasis) or by his or her competencies (i.e., a skills emphasis). Remember, your understanding of leadership is influenced by how you conceptualize it. Ability Emphasis Ability emphasis stresses that while some people may be natural-born leaders, leadership ability can also be learned with dedication and hard work. This perspective suggests that anyone can be a leader in the right situation if she or he has the desire and the determination to develop the necessary abilities to be effective. Consequently, this approach stresses the importance of studying and practicing the important abilities one needs to become the best leader possible. To expand your understanding of leadership as an ability: Think back to your high school days. Were certain people always the leaders? Why were they leaders? Did they have “natural” ability or were these abilities they practiced? Are these people still leaders today? Ask your parents or friends to tell you what they see as your leadership abilities. Take their responses seriously and then explore ways you could express these abilities more effectively in school or work settings. Identify two things you could do each day to practice your leadership. For example, if you about:blank Page 5 of 9 North House Engines 10/22/18, 1:35 AM struggle with public speaking, you could join Toastmasters or another organization designed to develop public speaking abilities. Skill Emphasis Skill emphasis implies that leadership skills can be acquired and developed through learning and practice. Three important types of leadership skills, which you will learn more about in a later chapter, are administrative skills, interpersonal skills, and conceptual skills. Administrative skills are what a leader needs to help carry out the goals of an organization. Interpersonal skills are the communication and people skills needed to work effectively with followers, peers, and superiors. Conceptual skills include problem solving, strategic planning, and creating vision. One positive aspect of the skill emphasis is that it suggests a person can become a leader through practice, learning, and experience. It does not limit one’s idea of who can be a leader, but alternatively embraces the idea that anyone has the potential to become a great leader by improving and learning the necessary skills. To expand your understanding of leadership as a skill: Consider the people around you who others do not consider to be leaders. What leadership skills do they have that often go unrecognized? Think about ways you could help others show their leadership skills. Remember, everyone has leadership skill. Name one skill you have developed in your life through practice. Did it take hard work and practice? Once you mastered that skill, how did you feel about yourself? Consider how you could apply that same kind of hard work to improving your leadership skills. Viewing leadership as a skill means you think leadership can be learned and it is something all of us can learn to do better. Reflect on the three general types of leadership skills: administrative, interpersonal, and conceptual. Which of these skills comes easiest for you and which is hardest? The next time you are working with others on a project, let them know what specific skills you bring to the group. Identify strategies for improving your weaker skills. Behavior Emphasis Behavior emphasis theories focus more on what leaders do, instead of who they are. This leadership approach stresses that a leader’s traits and skills are not always as important as how they accomplish tasks and interact with people. It is important to understand that some leaders may have the tools necessary to lead; the way they practice their leadership will determine their effectiveness. An interesting quality of the behavior approach is that it is observable. One of the easiest ways to assess leaders is by watching how good are they at interacting with others, organizing tasks, and motivating others to finish the work expected of them. Behavior approach theories began receiving attention in the late 1930s, reaching their about:blank Page 6 of 9 North House Engines 10/22/18, 1:35 AM peak of importance in the early 1960s when two researchers, Blake and Moulton, studied task and relationship behaviors among managers in organizations. To expand your understanding of leadership as a behavior: Think of a time when you had a really good experience with a leader and you accomplished a lot. What was it about the leader that made things work out so well? How did the leader relate to followers? How did the leader get people to stay on task? Describe how the leader both got the job done and made work enjoyable. Imagine a leader who focuses on tasks all of the time. What would be the results of his or her leadership? If the leader accomplished a lot, would you describe him or her as an effective leader? Consider whether you are more “task” focused or “relationship” focused. Which of these two types of behaviors dominates your style when you are in a leadership role? How could you incorporate more of the behavior that comes less easily to you? Relationship Emphasis Relationship emphasis focuses on how a leader initiates, builds, and maintains relationships with followers. Leadership is often viewed as a process that starts at the top and moves down, but relationship-oriented leadership is a horizontal process where followers’ needs, views, and opinions are just as important as the leader’s. Authority and influence are not just reserved for the leader but rather shared among everyone involved. Leadership as relationship is a less common way to think about leadership than, for example, leadership as a trait or ability. When leadership is viewed as relationship, both the leader and follower are emphasized rather than just the leader. To expand your understanding of leadership as relationship: Step back and analyze your manager or supervisor at work. What kind of relationship does she or he have with you and each of the other employees? To be a better leader, with whom could your leader exchange more relationship-building behaviors? Imagine yourself as a coach for your little sister’s soccer (or any other sport) team. List five things you could do to create strong relationships with each of the individual team members. Reflect on how you could make your relationship “special” with each one of the players. Think about your leadership as how you connect with your followers. Explore unique ways you could relate to them on a one-to-one basis. This could include, for example, giving them special attention, listening to them talk about their pet projects, or giving them praise for a job well done. In the end, you want to have unique relationships with all of your workers. Process Emphasis Put simply, process emphasizes that leadership is a phenomenon characterized by gradual changes that lead to a particular outcome. As a pr ...
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Leadership Assessment




Leadership style, skills, and characteristics.
Leadership is a crucial element in since its determines the productivity and success of any
organization. A good leader is one that can inspire his or her followers, influence and motivate
then towards achieving more. Leadership styles that are applied in any particular organization
play an important role in determining the level of productivity that the employees will have
(Northouse, 2018). As a person in leadership working within various sectors of the society, it is
essential to identify the weaknesses and strength that one possesses. This will help determine
how these characteristics benefit the organization culture.
There are three types of leadership styles that are commonly applied in many institutions
globally. The authoritarian leadership style is whereby the leaders often monitor everything the
employees do and influence every decision made in an organization. In this leadership style, the
leaders tend to micro-manage the employees. On the positive side, this enhances productivity
and yields more successful results, but on the negative side, this leadership style dimi...

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