The Challenges in Building a Museum for Children

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timer Asked: Feb 5th, 2019
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Question Description

Write one page use the two articles that I have attached.

From the article that called “United States Department of the Interior Interior Museum Program Museum Cost Estimates ” please use numbers and statistic to show how it is expensive.

From the other article that called “10 Steps to Starting a Museum” show how the children museums are also expensive and how the re hard to build and maintain.

Please make sure that you mention negative side of that because I already talked about the positive one.

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United States Department of the Interior Interior Museum Program Museum Cost Estimates This document is a modified version of the cost estimates chart provided by the National Park Service in the Museum Handbook, Part I (2005). The prices listed here can be used to develop initial cost estimates for constructing, renovating, and equipping a museum facility, and for preparing museum planning documents. Updated product descriptions and prices reflect improvements in technology, changes in best practices, and rising costs due to inflation. Estimates were based on current Federal contracts (see the GSA Advantage website at: http://www.gsaadvantage.gov), information provided by individual vendors, subject matter experts, and changes in prices as measured by the Consumer Price Index (see the Bureau of Labor Statistics Inflation Calculator at: http://www.bls.gov/data/inflation_calculator.htm). Costs for equipment do not include shipping. Shipping costs can be up to an additional one-third of the purchase price when shipped in the contiguous United States, and much higher when shipped to Alaska, Hawaii, Guam and other locations outside the continental United States. Note: $/SF = cost per square foot Museum Collection Storage Museum Facility • • Dollars Renovating an existing facility ...............................................................................81-135/SF Constructing a new facility ................................................................................... 297-434/SF Note: Construction costs vary with the type, size, and configuration of the structure; the locality (costs in Alaska and other remote areas could double those cited); the difficulties of site preparation; and the complexity of the HVAC, security, and fire protection systems. Equipment and Supplies • • • • • • • • • • • • • Retrofit gasket kit .............................................................................................................. 40 Sash lock .......................................................................................................................... 16 Standard museum cabinet w/10 drawers............................................................... 775-1,520 Doublewide museum cabinet w/10 drawers ....................................................... 1,591-2,160 Wardrobe cabinet w/specialized storage interiors (depends on interior) ............. 1,700-3,300 Herbarium cabinet, counter height (12 compartments) .................................................... 590 Herbarium cabinet, full height (26 compartments) ........................................................... 830 Entomology cabinet, counter height (15 drawer openings) .............................................. 918 Entomology cabinet, full height (24 drawer openings) ........................................... 953-1,069 Cornell drawers for entomology cabinets........................................................................... 82 Security gun vault with acrylic museum assemblies ........................................... 1,000-2,400 High density moveable-aisle storage systems ............................................................ 149/SF Slotted metal angle for constructing large shelving units ...................................... 171/bundle (Each bundle includes ten 12′ angle pieces with 75 nuts and bolts. Two bundles are needed for a 3-shelf unit measuring 4’x8’. Three bundles are needed for a 5-shelf unit measuring 4′x8′.) • • • • • • • • • • • Dollars Steel shelving units ...................................................................................................285/unit 5/8"-3/4" plywood sheets for shelving .......................................................................45/sheet Map cabinet 5-drawer unit (need 2 units for counter height) ............................................ 760 Map cabinet base units ................................................................................................... 250 Sanitary platform for standard museum cabinet ................................................................ 82 Sanitary platform for doublewide museum cabinet .......................................................... 105 Sanitary platform for wardrobe cabinet ............................................................................ 155 Safety stacking rim for standard cabinet ............................................................................ 35 Lumber, plywood and paint to construct wooden platform (labor not included) for: Standard museum cabinet ........................................................................................... 50 Doublewide and wardrobe cabinet............................................................................... 60 GSA utility cabinet for forms and museum supplies ......................................................... 280 Costs for polyethylene foam, specimen trays, specialized containers, and other types of museum supplies can be found by consulting the websites and catalogs of various archival supply firms. Museum Environment (Storage and Exhibits) Museum Facility HVAC System ...............................................................................................................24-46/SF Equipment and Supplies • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Datalogger (temperature and RH recording) ............................................................. 55-580 Remote probe for datalogger........................................................................................... 230 Electronic thermohygrometer (depending on brand and style) .................................. 200-900 Hygrometer ................................................................................................................ 30-500 Portable dehumidifier (refrigerant type) ........................................................................... 300 Portable dehumidifier (desiccant type) ......................................................................... 1,000 Humidifier ........................................................................................................................ 340 Portable air purifier with HEPA and activated carbon filters ............................................. 450 Visible light meter ............................................................................................................ 100 UV (ultraviolet radiation) meter ........................................................................................ 500 Vacuum cleaner (HEPA) .......................................................................................... 300-700 UV fluorescent filtering sleeves ......................................................................................... 15 UV filtering Clear Acrylic (Plexiglas® or similar) 8" x 10" sheet .............................................................................................................. 12 20" x 24" sheet ............................................................................................................ 76 4’ x 8’ x ¼” sheet ....................................................................................................... 300 UV filtering film professionally installed on windows ..................................................... 14/SF Museum Exhibits • Replacing an exhibit case Table top or pedestal exhibit case .............................................................. 2,800-11,000 Walk-in-style exhibit case ......................................................................... 11,000-33,000 DOI Museum Cost estimates (2013) Page 2 • Dollars Retrofitting existing exhibit case Retrofit of exhibit case (surfaces, paint, graphics, furniture, etc.) .................. 2,200-5,500 Retrofit of exhibit case structure (security, lighting, etc.) ............................. 3,000-11,000 Retrofit of object mount (single mount or a garment mannequin) ..................... 550-3,300 Note: Exhibit replacement and retrofitting costs vary with the size and complexity of the exhibit case. Factors affecting cost include specialized humidity control (if needed); lighting, security, and mounts; and the availability and location of specialized contractors. Security Museum Facility Intrusion detection system (approximate minimum $2,000) ...............................................5-7/SF Equipment and Supplies • • • • Recoring locks...........................................(contact locksmith or maintenance staff for costs) Locking key boxes ........................................................................................................ 70-90 Metal or solid core doors .......................................................................................... 300-475 Deadbolt locks................................................................................................................... 70 Fire Protection Museum Facility • • Fire detection system ..................................................................................................6-8/SF Fire suppression system Wet pipe system (includes smoke or heat detection system) ............................. 12-18/SF Dry pipe system (includes smoke or heat detection system).............................. 14-19/SF Note: Costs increase if the system requires the installation of a new dedicated National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) approved 4" or 6" water line or if there is a need for a water storage reservoir. Estimated costs for installation of a water line and storage reservoir include: • Pipe installation ............................................................................................................ 45/LF • Backflow preventer ..................................................................................................... 14,500 • Gate valve .......................................................................................................... 1,500-2,200 • Water meter and box .................................................................................................. 11,400 • Connection to an existing water line ............................................................................. 5,000 • 10,000 gallon steel on-grade storage reservoir........................................................... 46,300 (Prices vary with capacity and type of construction.) Equipment and Supplies • • • • ABC fire extinguisher (20 pound unit) ................................................................................ 85 ABC fire extinguisher (10 pound unit) ................................................................................ 58 Flammable liquid cabinet .......................................................................................... 350-745 Four-drawer insulated file cabinet.................................................................................... 790 DOI Museum Cost estimates (2013) Page 3 • • Dollars Media vault ...................................................................................................................... 265 Media safe (various sizes) .................................................................................. 1,500-5,000 Professional Assistance and Museum Planning • • • • • • • • • • • Assistance with establishing optimum relative humidity and temperature levels . 4,000-7,000 Collection Condition Survey ........................................................................... 12,000-24,000 Collection Management Plan.......................................................................... 15,000-30,000 Collection Condition Survey ........................................................................... 12,000-24,000 Collection Storage Plan .................................................................................. 10,000-15,000 Emergency Management Plan ....................................................................... 10,000-20,000 Fire Protection Survey and Plan ..................................................................... 10,000-15,000 Housekeeping Plan ........................................................................................ 10,000-20,000 Integrated Pest Management Plan ................................................................. 10,000-20,000 Security Survey and Plan ............................................................................... 10,000-15,000 Scope of Collection Statement ....................................................................... 10,000-15,000 Note: Museum planning costs include on-site assessments, research, development, plan preparation, and implementation of the final approved plan. This document is provided as a reference for curators and museum property management staff. Mention of a product, a manufacturer, or a supplier by name does not constitute an endorsement of that product or supplier by the United States Department of the Interior. Sources named are not all inclusive. It is suggested that readers also seek alternative product and vendor information in order to assess the full range of available sources, supplies, and equipment. DOI Museum Cost estimates (2013) Page 4 https://museumplanner.org/starting-a-museum/ 10 Steps to Starting a Museum Mark Walhimer February 10, 2011 Museum Planning, Starting A Museum 40 Comments Starting a museum or “How to start a museum in 10 steps”. Since 1992, I have been part of opening and expanding more than thirty-five museums. Most of my work has been with science centers, children’s museums and natural history museums. Below is my list of the ten steps to starting a new museum or “How to start a museum”: UPDATE: I wrote this post in 2011 and it is all still true and helpful today. However, if you are wanting a more in-depth treatment of how to start a museum, I just released a new book, Museums 101, which I designed to be an A-to-Z resource for those looking to start a museum. If you are truly looking to start a museum, my book was written for you. You can buy it on Amazon.com. 1. One Page Description. Write a one page description of the museum. You can use my museum questionnaire as a starting point for your new museum description. What type of museum are you creating? science center?, Art museum? local history? Then, purchase two books, “Please Understand Me” and “Built to Last” . I am consistently surprised how the personality of the founder of a museum comes through in the opened museum. It makes sense, the founder, builds a Board of Directors, the Board of Directors hires an Executive Director and the Executive Director hires staff. We all tend to gravitate to people similar to us, so the personality of the founder is often similar to the staff of the museum 10 years latter. Roy Shafer led a workshop I attended, where we were each given a personality test, before handing out the results of the test, he asked us to look to our left and to our right and notice the people sitting next to us. We then opened the personality test and the entire room had organized ourselves according to our personality type. Be very honest, “is your personality the personality you want reflected in the opened museum?” If not, find Board Members to your weakness. 2. Community Meeting. The second step of starting a museum, organize a community meeting, invite politicians, “want to be politicians”, parents, teachers, school superintendents and real estate developers and ask “what type of museum do you want?”. DO NOT show drawings of the proposed museum, DO NOT describe the museum you are planning. Listen. Collect the names and email addresses of the participants and ask if they would be willing to attend future meetings. Do not fall into the trap of “if I build it they will come”, find out what the community wants. 3. 20 Museums. As part of starting a museum, visit twenty museums of the type you are interested in opening. Keep notes and take lots of pictures. What is their yearly attendance? What is their ticket price? Find out their operating costs, the National Center for Charitable Statistics is a wonderful resource. Notice the smallest details, what does the floor staff wear? Ask to do a “back of house tour”, Do they have a museum store? What type of ticketing system do they use? Write a thank you note to any staff you meet during your visit. Join a museum organization and get involved. Go back to your community and show them the findings of your museum visits. 4. Real Estate Developers are your friends. Make an effort to meet the real estate developers in your community. Every project of starting a museum, I have ever worked on has in some way been motivated by real estate. Make friends with real estate developers, tell them of your museum idea. You will be surprised how your plans will resonate with real estate developers. You are supplying a community resource. Do NOT make any agreements with real etstate developers until after you have raised more than half of your capital. 5. Do the numbers. Starting a museum is very expensive, as a rule of thumb, the exhibition space is half of the overall space, a 4500 exhibition space becomes a 9000 square ft building at $200 per square foot of new construction is $1.8 million dollars, plus approximately, $150 to fit out the gallery spaces, $675,000, total $2,475,000 in start up costs plus operating costs. If you use an average of $40 per square ft for operating costs your yearly operating costs would be $360,000 (salaries, utilities, maintenance), not including an endowment. Create a business plan, can you earn at least 50% of your yearly expenses? Be conservative with your annual attendance figures. Too many museums have gotten into trouble using optimistic attendance figures. Attendance in the second and third year of a new museum can fall off 20%-30% (or more). Plan to the third year of operation, too many museums only plan to the opening of the museum. Plan to your third year, not to opening. 6. Own the words. Research all of the words that describe your planned museum, the more specific you can be, the better. Use Google Analytics and purchase domains related to the words that describe the museum. Create a name for the organization, be very specific; San Francisco Maritime Museum, Techniquest, San Mateo County History Museum. 7. Non-Profit. Up to this point there is no need to form an non-profit, it is an advantage to wait. Get people involved, build a community around the museum need, then form the non profit. The best museums are those that grow out of a community need. Organize your Board of Directors. Your Board should include, politicians, business people, investment experts, real estate developers, experts in the field of the museum, teachers, school superintendents and potential donors. A larger Board of Directors (20-25 people) is fine while you are raising funds. Form a 501(c)(3) . 8. Pre-View Facility. As part of starting a museum, create a preview facility, a smaller version of your yet to be opened museum. The preview facility may be very small and only temporary. The preview facility is great for talking with potential donors, now you can walk donors through a small version of the final museum. Speak to architects and exhibition designers. Tell them of your plans, select an architect and an exhibition designer, tell them “we have limited resources at this point, but if you help us with the preview facility (pay them a reduced fee) you will have the contract for the museum”. 9. Raise Money. Use the Board of Directors. A favorite story of mine is an Executive Director needed $500,000 for a new exhibition, he called a meeting and said to the Board of Directors “I need $500,000, each of you either needs to con ...
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kennethrichie
School: UIUC

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Anonymous
awesome work thanks

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