ENG 108 Are Uber Drivers Racists

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timer Asked: Feb 5th, 2019
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33. Follow the instruction to write 4pages draft

The topic needs to be related to UBER.

And please make sure it matches the instructions requirement.

All the work must be original

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ENG 108/Myles/Spring 2019

Writing Project One: 

Writing a Definitional Argument

Is X a Y?

Write an argument that develops a definitional claim of the form “X is (is not) a Y,”1

where Y is a controversial term with a disputed definition. In your essay, you must 

argue whether or not a given X borderline (doubtful, uncertain) case belongs to concept 

Y, which you must define.2 You will need to write an extended definition of a concept 

such as “police brutality,” “child abuse,” “free speech,” or another similar concept that 

is both familiar yet tricky to define precisely. After you have established your 

definition, you will need to apply it to a “borderline case,” arguing whether the 

borderline case fits or does not fit the definition. 

Typically your argument will have a criteria section in which you develop an 

extended definition of your Y term and a match section in which you argue that your X 

does (does not) meet the criteria for Y. 

Project Choices:

1. Identify a cultural or social issue that interests you and which also concerns a 

disputed definition. Examples: Are skateboarder punks or athletes? Is spanking a 

form of child abuse? Is flag burning protected free speech? 

2. Identify a definitional controversy that exists over a borderline (doubtful, uncertain

case (i.e., whether something is a “true” or “real” example of some category). 

Examples: Are chiropractors “real doctors”? Is a gourmet chef a “true artist”? Is rap 

music truly misogynous? Is the novel (or film) Sophie’s Choice a true tragedy?

3. Identify a definitional controversy by brainstorming borderline cases for such item 

as courage, cruelty, or police brutality. Examples: Is mountain climbing an act of 

courage? Are rodeos and/or zoos examples of cruelty to animals? Is the use of a 

stun gun an example of police brutality?

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ENG 108/Myles/Spring 2019 Writing Project One: Writing a Definitional Argument Is X a Y? Write an argument that develops a definitional claim of the form “X is (is not) a Y,”1 where Y is a controversial term with a disputed definition. In your essay, you must argue whether or not a given X borderline (doubtful, uncertain) case belongs to concept Y, which you must define.2 You will need to write an extended definition of a concept such as “police brutality,” “child abuse,” “free speech,” or another similar concept that is both familiar yet tricky to define precisely. After you have established your definition, you will need to apply it to a “borderline case,” arguing whether the borderline case fits or does not fit the definition. Typically your argument will have a criteria section in which you develop an extended definition of your Y term and a match section in which you argue that your X does (does not) meet the criteria for Y. Project Choices: 1. Identify a cultural or social issue that interests you and which also concerns a disputed definition. Examples: Are skateboarder punks or athletes? Is spanking a form of child abuse? Is flag burning protected free speech? 2. Identify a definitional controversy that exists over a borderline (doubtful, uncertain case (i.e., whether something is a “true” or “real” example of some category). Examples: Are chiropractors “real doctors”? Is a gourmet chef a “true artist”? Is rap music truly misogynous? Is the novel (or film) Sophie’s Choice a true tragedy? 3. Identify a definitional controversy by brainstorming borderline cases for such item as courage, cruelty, or police brutality. Examples: Is mountain climbing an act of courage? Are rodeos and/or zoos examples of cruelty to animals? Is the use of a stun gun an example of police brutality? Learning Outcomes: • • You will use invention strategies to develop ideas for a topic. You will develop a clear description that there is an argument to be made about whether X is (is not) a Y. Note well that you need not phrase it this way; the structure above is offered as a guide for your invention process. Your finished essay will need to state the central claim clearly but in a way consistent with your purpose in the essay itself. 1 2 Adapted from John Ramage, Writing Arguments. 2 • • • • You will use research and support for your argument using compelling reasons backed up with evidence. You will learn how to anticipate and refute objections to your argument. You will learn to critique your own and others’ works. You will learn to use direct quotations from your sources in your essay (at least two). Grading Criteria: • Paper convinces the reader that there is an argument about whether X is (is not) a Y. • Paper convinces the reader of the criteria-match structure for the X and Y terms. • Paper anticipates & refutes objections. • Paper demonstrates knowledge of the subject, using evidence effectively, with appropriate examples. • Paper engages the audience’s interest, reflects audience awareness, and establishes sense of purpose. • Paper provides effective structural cues to help readers to follow the organization of ideas in the paper with conclusion reinforcing the focus and dominant ideas in the paper. • Paper is carefully read and edited. Paper is free of serious grammar and punctuation errors. Format: • Use MLA essay format. • Use 12 point Times New Roman font • Margins must be 1” inch margins all the around. • All cited sources must be listed in a Works Cited page, and all sources listed in your Works Cited page must be cited in your paper. • Include a developed title for your essay. Example: What Defines a Sport?; “Your Daily Multi-Vitamin May Be Hurting You;” Mickey Mouse is a Human • For each draft, number your pages, beginning with the second page, in the top right corner. Sources: Provide two- three sources for your paper. You should use understandable facts, examples, statistics, testimonies, etc., to support your findings and explain your definition. Ask yourself, “Which examples will best help readers understand the term? What examples would most appeal to my readers? Will a brief story reveal the term’s meaning? Wikipedia is not an accepted source. Length: Four full pages and a Works Cited page. Submission: Upload drafts in Canvas. You will also submit a two-pocket folder with invention materials (drafts, peer reviews, Toulmin model, and final draft.) 3 Model Essays: • Arthur Knopf (Student), “Is Milk a Healthy Food?” pp. 242-244 • Alex Mullen, (Student), “A Pirate but Not a Thief: What Does ‘Stealing’ Mean in a Digital Environment?” pp. 244-246 • Los Angeles Times Editorial Board, “College Football—Yes, It’s a Job” p. 247 • “The War on Obama’s Faith: Who’s Really Holier Than Thou?” http://thegrio.com/2012/02/23/the-war-on-obamas-faith-whos-really-holierthan-thou/ Order of Assignments: Two Topic Ideas Due Thurs., Jan. 31 Provide a one-page essay (double-space) on topic. Refer to example and questions on Canvas to answer for paper proposal. You will provide two possible topics. You will write 3-4 brief paragraphs describing your first topic idea using the prompt questions. Audience Analysis and Toulmin Model, TBA Sketch Due Tues., Feb. 5 Use worksheet provided, Definition and Criteria-Match TBA Develop definition and criteria-match using the worksheet provided. Research: Support, Reason, and Evidence for Your Argument. Bibliography TBA Provide the grounds for your argument. Counterarguments/Opposing Views and Rebuttal, TBA Write opposing views and your rebuttal or concession. Imagine ways how your readers might deny your argument. Refute or concede to those views. Two paragraphs. Complete First Draft with Toulmin Model, Thurs., Feb. 7 You must bring two hard copies for a grade and participation. Revised Draft with Track Edits, Thurs., Feb., 14 You must bring two hard copies for a grade and participation. Final Draft with Reflection Essay, Tues., Feb., 26 Two-Pocket Folder with Invention Materials, Tues., Feb. 26 4 Organization Plan 1: Definition Argument with Criteria and Match in Separate Sections Introduce the issue and state your claim.3 Present your criteria. Present your match argument. Conclude. • Engage reader’s interest in your definition issue and show why it is controversial or problematic. • Show what’s at stake. • Provide needed background information needed by your audience. • State your thesis with reasons. • State and develop criterion 1 in a topic sentence • State and develop criterion 2 in a topic sentence • State and develop criterion 3 in a topic sentence • Continue with the rest of your criterion-match arguments. • Anticipate and respond to possible objections to the criteria. • Consider restating your claim for clarity. • Argue that your case meets (does not meet) criterion 1. • Argue that your case meets (does not meet) criterion 2. • Argue that your case meets (does not meet) criterion 3 • Anticipate and respond to possible objections to the match argument. • Perhaps sum up your argument. • Help reader return to the “big picture” of what’s at stake. End with something memorable. • 3 Source: John Ramage. Writing Arguments. New York: Pearson, 2010. 285-310. 5 Organization Plan 2: Definition Argument with Criteria and Match Interwoven Introduce the issue and state your claim.4 Present series of criteria-match arguments. Respond to possible objections to your argument. Conclude. • Engage reader’s interest in your definition issue and show why it is controversial or problematic. • Show what’s at stake. • Provide needed background information needed by your audience. • State your thesis with reasons. • State and develop criterion 1 in a topic sentence and argue that your case meets (does not meet) the criterion. • State and develop criterion 2 in a topic sentence and argue that your case meets (does not meet) the criterion. • State and develop criterion 3 in a topic sentence and argue that your case meets (does not meet) the criterion. • Continue with the rest of your criterion-match arguments. • Anticipate and summarize possible objections. • Respond to the objections through rebuttal or concession. Use 1-2 strategies for rebutting your opponent (Writing Arguments 131). • Perhaps sum up your argument. • Help reader return to the “big picture” of what’s at stake. End with something memorable. • 4 Source: John Ramage. Writing Arguments. New York: Pearson, 2010. 285-310. WRITING YOUR ZERO DRAFT  Novelist Jack London said, “You can’t wait for inspiration; you have to go after it with a club.” Putting your fingers to the keyboard and writing a draft can help you hunt down the inspiration you’re waiting for. Keep the following in mind when writing a zero draft for in this class.  It does not matter what you say or how you say it at this point. You are just trying to get your thoughts out in the open where you can work with them.  This draft may bear no resemblance to the final version, but it is the first step in what the final draft can become.  This draft may bear no resemblance to the final version, but it is the first step in what the final draft can become.  Sometimes it is easier to give shape and order to random writing than it is to force ideas into orderly prose.   • If you get stuck, write “I’m stuck here” and go on. If you know what you need to do but can’t, describe it. Remember, this is not a “real” draft, so it doesn’t have to be complete or even linear.  • Don’t get married to this, or any draft. Don’t even get a crush on it. Be prepared to be very critical of it and to change it (or even throw it out and start over if need be).  Turn off the little voice in your head that wants to correct grammar, question and doubt, or judge your writing in any way. Turn off your computer monitor if need be and just type!  • Write this draft in the way that is most comfortable for you. If you need loud music and a gel pen, go for it. If you like to have your first paragraph nailed before you can really begin, spend your time perfecting that lead. (You will need to type it up to send to your workshop partners via e-mail, however.)  • To ensure that you get the most out of the zero draft experience, write for at least an hour, steadily. SOURCE  Colorado State U writing.colostate.edu/comparchive/co150/0708/zerodraftsample.doc  ...
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henryprofessor
School: UCLA

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Surname 1
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Professor
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Date
Are Uber Drivers Racists?
Racism is defined as a form of social reality because it represents the beliefs and circumstances
or the effects of the actions of a particular group of people. In this definitional approach to the
word, it is regarded as a noun and provides a metaphorical meaning to people depending on the
perspectives of the elements of the practice. However, the issues surrounding racial
discrimination both individual and institutional are controversial and would continue to drive
discussions on race relations in multicultural societies including the United States. Also, the term
is important because of the disagreement between scholars on its true meaning and its impacts on
the maintenance of social order and establishment of the structures it depends on to meet the
needs of the citizens. The potential of Uber drivers to use the name and picture of riders to either
accept or reject their patronage is an example of the dimensions of racism in the United States
that shows that the social problem will continue until efforts are geared towards the creation of
an acceptable definition for racism.
Uber is one of the leading ridesharing companies in the world that has revolutionized the
transportation industry and its taxi sector. Brazil and David wrote that the ride- hailing service
that it provides connects passengers with the owner-drivers their mobile phone devices, which
consist of an application that processes their request, estimate the cost of the services, and ensure
the safety of both drivers and commuters. The scholars further added that the organization

Surname 2
ensures the attainment of this objective by providing real-time tracking of drivers through the
navigational software that offers convenience to the passengers (192). Therefore, the solution
was regarded by analysts of institutionalized racism in the country as a solution to some of the
problem that African-Americans encounter when requesting taxi services in its major cities.
Meanwhile, the outcome of several studies showed that Uber is not race-blind as it was
considered at the beginning of its operations in the United States. According to a report to the
National Bureau of Economic Research by Ge Yambo and colleagues, the Uber peer-to-peer
system is not completely free of racist practices because the findings of their investigation on the
experiences of Black people in the major cities showed the same problems that they encounter
when hailing a taxi (3). The evidence of the research is compelling because an AfricanAmerican’s request for a ride has a greater probability of being canceled than his white
counterpart. Therefore, the questions and arguments regarding the meaning of racism and how
systems are designed to promote the controversies surrounding actions that implicitly contribute
to its existence in our society is worthy of an examination.
The nature of racial discrimination by Uber drivers towards black people in the major
cities in the United States affirms that assertion that racism is the product of the belief that one
ethnic group is inferior to others due to their distinctive attributes and pose dangers to those with
the inherited characters that give them superiority. Urquidez Alberto stated that this aspect of the
meaning of racism is one of the reasons why the problem is social reality that would continue to
create tension in the society because the social entities are dependent on the structures that are
designed to promote this ideology (137). Interesting...

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Anonymous
Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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