Diagnosis, treatment and Medical Terms case

timer Asked: Feb 5th, 2019
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Question Description

A 22 year old Caucasian male presented with a myriad of complaints including: constant unexplained fatigue, frequent headaches, weight loss, cough, shortness of breath, and diarrhea. In addition, he reported white spots in his oral cavity and difficulty swallowing. The patient reported a history significant for flu-like symptoms that lasted for several weeks, Herpes, and multiple sexual encounters.

Upon examination, Dr. Ima Mune, noted the following:

Oral cavity: Candidiasis noted in the buccal and lingual areas.

Integumentary: Purple lesions on the skin.

Lymphatic System: Positive for swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits.

Pulmonary: Positive for dry crackles during inspiration.

Speech: Mild dysarthria.

Cognition: Adequate function.

Following the aforementioned findings, Dr. Ima Mune ordered an initial immunoassay. Pending results, a Western blot test was to be done.

Your Challenge: What diagnosis was Dr. Ima Mune suspecting? What other tests may be needed to confirm or rule out possible coexisting conditions? What treatment(s) should be considered? What is the prognosis? REMEMBER TO PROVIDE AT LEAST ONE LINK THAT SUPPORTS YOUR FINDINGS.

At the end of your initial post, select 10 medical terms related to this body system, dissect them into their component parts, and provide their meanings. :-)

Tutor Answer

School: University of Maryland


Running head: MEDICAL TERM


Medical Term


Diagnosis and Tests

The symptoms of the patient could be a result of different possible conditions. However,
the recommendation of Doctor Ima Mune for an initial immunoassay pending results indicates
that he suspected an HIV diagnosis. The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay or ELISA test,
which is also referred to as the enzyme immunoassay or EIA, is a test that is carried out on a
patient to detect the antibodies and antigens of HIV in the blood (Salimi-Bejestani, 2005).
Antibodies refer to the proteins that the immune system produces that help the body to fight
invading pathogens and diseases. The antibodies are produced by the immune system when the
body detects the presence of pathogens or other foreign substances like viruses. On the other
hand, the antigens refer to those foreign substances that trigger the production of antibodies by
the immune system (Salimi-Bejestani, 2005). They include viruses and other disease...

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