Running head: MANAGEMENT THEORIES
Management of people barely existed before the Industrial Revolution and only started
showing in churches and the army. Some of the leading factors in the evolution of management
was the increasing productivity and division of labor. Management was essential because of the
rapid rise in the industrial revolution which led to the desire for optimized outputs. Management
theories and principles refer to the visions which are applied to ensure smooth operation of an
organization. Several assumptions are made about the operations of the people and the system
and over the previous years, the evolution of these theories has been notable.
The human-centered contemporary adaptations were adopted in the recent years when it
was discovered that the top-down authoritarian paradigms were no longer as effective as they
had been intended (Dahlgaard-Park, Reyes, and Chen, 2018). Discussed in this paper are the five
general management theories and principles with a clear timeline. Of importance to note is that
several management theories exist in the business world, some new some old but all of them
linked in one way or another. It is important for managers to incorporate these principles into
their business so that success is assured, and a great business team is created.
Theory of Scientific Management
This management theory was fathered by Frederick Taylor towards the end of the 19th
century (1856-1915). This milestone was significant for the period of time it was created because
the business world aimed at making the economic efficiency better, to be precise labor
productivity. During that period, workers were not as motivated to work as they should have
been because they were not being paid fairly for the work they did. Such an environment was not
conducive for the economic growth and this theory came in handy. Taylor, therefore, introduced
the differential piece rate system which was used to pay workers their wages. This plan ensured
that workers were paid depending on the amount produce...