Decision making in an active shooting scenario

Anonymous
timer Asked: Feb 6th, 2019
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Question Description


  • Effective Decision Making

    Competency Addressed in This Discussion

    • Competency 2: Apply decision-making and leadership skills in a police administration environment.

    Introduction

    There are three major decision-making models: the rational model, the incremental model, and the heuristic model. Herbert Simon developed the concept of decision making called the rational-comprehensive model. The bounded rationality involves three sets of factors that limit rationality:
    • Skills, habits, and reflexes that are no longer in the realm of the conscious.
    • Values and conceptions of purpose which influence decision making;
    • The extent to which the knowledge possessed is relevant to the job. (Swanson, Territo, & Taylor, 2017)
    Charles Lindblom (as cited by Swanson, Territo, & Taylor, 2017) advanced the idea that managers make decisions incrementally rather than analytically as they muddle their way through problems. Finally, William Gore believed that humanism was the crucial element of decision making. His heuristic model is based on the gut-level approach, in which a decision is a product of the experience and instincts of the personality making the decision.

    Instructions

    For this discussion, select an active shooter scenario that details one of the three major decision-making models discussed above. In your main post: Please use the Colombine High School Shootings.
    • Outline the chosen active shooter scenario from a police administrator's perspective.
    • Explore two recommendations to resolve a protracted crisis event such as the one you selected.
    • Analyze the errors in decision making you would try to avoid as a police administrator in your chosen scenario.

    Discussion Objectives

    The competencies addressed in this discussion are supported by discussion objectives, as follows:
    • Competency 2: Apply decision-making and leadership skills in a police administration environment.
      • Outline a scenario involving a decision-making model from a police administrator's perspective.
      • Predict two recommendations a police administrator would utilize to resolve a protracted crisis event.
      • Analyze errors in decision making a police administrator would try to avoid.

    Response Guidelines

    Respond to the posts of two peers. Interact with other learners about your scenario involving a decision-making model.
    • How did your understanding and your peers' understanding of the models vary?
    • Did you agree or disagree with other learners regarding what recommendations you, as a police administrator, would utilize to resolve a protracted crisis event? Why or why not?
    • Was there a consensus among learners regarding what errors in decision-making a police administrator would try to avoid? Why or why not?
    APA citations are not required for discussions. However, if outside material is used, you are required to cite references.
    Reference
    Swanson, C. R., Territo, L., & Taylor, R. W. (2017). Police administration: Structures, processes, and behavior (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

    Resources

    Additional link: https://www.decision-making-confidence.com/rationa...

Tutor Answer

DrPrinsen
School: University of Virginia

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Decision making in an active shooting scenario
Decision making is a cognitive process involving the selection of a course of action among
alternative possibilities. Quite often, one might face critical situations that require prompt
decision making. Such circumstances call for the participant to have in-depth knowledge of
the decisions and possible consequences. There are three decision-making models that are
suitable according to prevailing situations. They include; the rational mode; the bounded
rationality model; and the retrospective model.
The rational model assumes that man will make the best decision when furnished with the
necessary information and has ample time to select between alternative courses of action. For
the model to be effective the problems and the desired goals must be clear, and the participant
should be rational. The second model is bounded rationality; Hebert Simon developed the
model. He, however, assumes that man is not able to make a rational decision and will settle
for a less effective choice. This model requires decisions to be made out of limited
information and time. The third model involves decision makers trying to ration...

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Review

Anonymous
Good stuff. Would use again.

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