Decision making in an active shooting scenario
Decision making is a cognitive process involving the selection of a course of action among
alternative possibilities. Quite often, one might face critical situations that require prompt
decision making. Such circumstances call for the participant to have in-depth knowledge of
the decisions and possible consequences. There are three decision-making models that are
suitable according to prevailing situations. They include; the rational mode; the bounded
rationality model; and the retrospective model.
The rational model assumes that man will make the best decision when furnished with the
necessary information and has ample time to select between alternative courses of action. For
the model to be effective the problems and the desired goals must be clear, and the participant
should be rational. The second model is bounded rationality; Hebert Simon developed the
model. He, however, assumes that man is not able to make a rational decision and will settle
for a less effective choice. This model requires decisions to be made out of limited
information and time. The third model involves decision makers trying to ration...