Systems Engineering Needs Analysis

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Question Description

Systems Engineering Process, Part 1

This is Part 1 of an individual assignment that you will be working on in weeks 5, 7, and 9.

Part 1 consists of identifying a need statement for a problem that you identify that is within

one of the following areas:

1. Personalized medicine

2. Personalized learning

3. Economical access to clean water

4. Economical solar energy

5. Enhanced virtual reality

Refer to http://www.engineeringchallenges.org/ for ideas of the problem space in these five

areas that are part of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) grand challenges. Please

do not try to tackle the problems as they are stated on the website. These are large and

complex issues that may be overwhelming to apply the systems engineering process to. The

intent of the assignment is to apply the systems engineering process, not to solve the problem.

However, feel free to leverage the information from the NAE to identify a ‘reasonable’

problem within the problem space domain. For example, you could choose the problem of

harnessing solar energy for powering your auto’s air conditioning system. Or, you could

focus on personalized treatments for diabetes. There are many possibilities. Please be sure

to properly define your problem domain to be a narrow problem in the problem space so that

you can work on the problem within the timespan of the course. You are not trying to solve

world hunger or design a flying car.

For Part 1 you will be addressing the needs analysis phase. Start by identifying the problem

that you will be addressing. Consider performing additional research or leveraging your own

personal experience so that you are comfortable with the problem statement. Then, develop

a need statement that will require a system solution and that supports the problem you

identified. Use the “five whys” approach (asking ‘why’ up to five times) to ge t to the root

need for the system. To this end, develop a need statement according to the following

guidelines:

  • The need/opportunity is stated clearly and concisely
  • The need/opportunity is well defined and bounded
  • The deficiencies in the current approach or system are identified
  • The need/opportunity is stated in the domain of the stakeholder (not the system)
  • The need/opportunity is stated in the language of the stakeholder (not the designer)
  • The need/opportunity statement is solution free
  • The market opportunity is addressed
  • The overall statement includes supportive data
  • The need/opportunity is ‘real’
  • The need/opportunity has a well-defined paying customer
  • Stakeholders are identified or are easily identifiable from the statement
  • Meeting the identified need/opportunity will solve the problem
  • Next, identify the key stakeholders and their desire for the system. These are not formal

    requirements but reflect the ‘voices’ of the stakeholders in relation to the need/opportunity

    being addressed. Document this step using the following guidelines:

  • Comprehensive list of stakeholders includes payee, customer, user, maintainer,
  • trainer, etc.

  • Process used to gather stakeholder requirements is described, implemented as
  • described, and successful.

  • The diverse needs of the all the stakeholders are included in the requirements.
  • The stakeholder requirements are valid and accurate.
  • The stakeholder requirements are stated clearly and concisely.
  • The stakeholder requirements reflect the ‘Voice of the Customer/Stakeholde r’.
  • The stakeholder requirements are solution free.
  • The stakeholder requirements support the need/opportunity statement.
  • Next, develop two or three operational scenarios that describe how the system will be used in

    its operational state. For the operational scenarios, include a description of the physical

    environment, a general sequence of events, and how the ‘world’ will be different (hopefully

    better) with the use of the system.

    Also, create an objectives tree with one or two top objectives of the system.

    From these activities, develop an estimate of system operational effectiveness. Here, you

    should define measures of effectiveness (MoEs) and measures of performance (MoPs) that

    specify what results a new system should achieve to meet the identified need/opportunity,

    together with a list of system capabilities. Recall these are the two outputs of the needs

    analysis phase.

    Now that you have all the pieces for the body of the paper, write an introduction and add the

    body of the paper. In addition, convince the customer to allow you to continue to the next

    step of the concept development phase by including a summary that leverages all of the above,

    meets the requirements of the needs analysis phase as described in the lectures, and provides

    a justification for continuing on the path to the development of a new system. The paper

    should demonstrate understanding of the systems engineering life cycle. The body of the

    paper should be about 3-4 pages (not counting charts such as objectives tree, title page,

    reference list, etc.).

    Make sure to add a title page to your paper and include your references (on another page).

    Be sure to include the National Academy of Engineering website in your list of references,

    as feasible. Feel free to use an APA format or another citation format of your choosing.

    Systems Engineering Needs Analysis
    week_5.png

    Unformatted Attachment Preview

    Systems Engineering Process, Part 1 This is Part 1 of an individual assignment that you will be working on in weeks 5, 7, and 9. Part 1 consists of identifying a need statement for a problem that you identify that is within one of the following areas: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Personalized medicine Personalized learning Economical access to clean water Economical solar energy Enhanced virtual reality Refer to http://www.engineeringchallenges.org/ for ideas of the problem space in these five areas that are part of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) grand challenges. Please do not try to tackle the problems as they are stated on the website. These are large and complex issues that may be overwhelming to apply the systems engineering process to. The intent of the assignment is to apply the systems engineering process, not to solve the problem. However, feel free to leverage the information from the NAE to identify a ‘reasonable’ problem within the problem space domain. For example, you could choose the problem of harnessing solar energy for powering your auto’s air conditioning system. Or, you could focus on personalized treatments for diabetes. There are many possibilities. Please be sure to properly define your problem domain to be a narrow problem in the problem space so that you can work on the problem within the timespan of the course. You are not trying to solve world hunger or design a flying car. For Part 1 you will be addressing the needs analysis phase. Start by identifying the problem that you will be addressing. Consider performing additional research or leveraging your own personal experience so that you are comfortable with the problem statement. Then, develop a need statement that will require a system solution and that supports the problem you identified. Use the “five whys” approach (asking ‘why’ up to five times) to get to the root need for the system. To this end, develop a need statement according to the following guidelines: • The need/opportunity is stated clearly and concisely • The need/opportunity is well defined and bounded • The deficiencies in the current approach or system are identified • The need/opportunity is stated in the domain of the stakeholder (not the system) • The need/opportunity is stated in the language of the stakeholder (not the designer) • The need/opportunity statement is solution free • The market opportunity is addressed • The overall statement includes supportive data • The need/opportunity is ‘real’ • The need/opportunity has a well-defined paying customer • Stakeholders are identified or are easily identifiable from the statement • Meeting the identified need/opportunity will solve the problem Next, identify the key stakeholders and their desire for the system. These are not formal requirements but reflect the ‘voices’ of the stakeholders in relation to the need/opportunity being addressed. Document this step using the following guidelines: • • • • • • • • Comprehensive list of stakeholders includes payee, customer, user, maintainer, trainer, etc. Process used to gather stakeholder requirements is described, implemented as described, and successful. The diverse needs of the all the stakeholders are included in the requirements. The stakeholder requirements are valid and accurate. The stakeholder requirements are stated clearly and concisely. The stakeholder requirements reflect the ‘Voice of the Customer/Stakeholder’. The stakeholder requirements are solution free. The stakeholder requirements support the need/opportunity statement. Next, develop two or three operational scenarios that describe how the system will be used in its operational state. For the operational scenarios, include a description of the physical environment, a general sequence of events, and how the ‘world’ will be different (hopefully better) with the use of the system. Also, create an objectives tree with one or two top objectives of the system. From these activities, develop an estimate of system operational effectiveness. Here, you should define measures of effectiveness (MoEs) and measures of performance (MoPs) that specify what results a new system should achieve to meet the identified need/opportunit y, together with a list of system capabilities. Recall these are the two outputs of the needs analysis phase. Now that you have all the pieces for the body of the paper, write an introduction and add the body of the paper. In addition, convince the customer to allow you to continue to the next step of the concept development phase by including a summary that leverages all of the above, meets the requirements of the needs analysis phase as described in the lectures, and provides a justification for continuing on the path to the development of a new system. The paper should demonstrate understanding of the systems engineering life cycle. The body of the paper should be about 3-4 pages (not counting charts such as objectives tree, title page, reference list, etc.). Make sure to add a title page to your paper and include your references (on another page). Be sure to include the National Academy of Engineering website in your list of references, as feasible. Feel free to use an APA format or another citation format of your choosing. ...
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    Tutor Answer

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    School: Boston College

    Attached.

    Running head: SYSTEMS ENGINEERING NEEDS ANALYSIS

    Systems Engineering Needs Analysis

    Student’s name:
    Institutional affiliation:

    1

    SYSTEMS ENGINEERING NEEDS ANALYSIS

    2

    Systems Engineering Needs Analysis
    Needs assessment and analysis
    According to Strickland (2011), the needs assessment and analysis phase of projects and
    systems is the most crucial in ensuring that the developed system meets the value addition needs
    of the company or program. The needs assessment and analysis in the system engineering
    process requires that the mission and objectives of the system or program be set straight. In this
    case, the major objective of this project is to find a sustainable and reliable source of clean water
    for home, commercial, and industrial use. According to the National Academy of Engineering, at
    least 5,000 children die each day due to lack of access to clean water. These figures account for
    all those that die of water borne diseases. Water is a major issue considering that only 3% of the
    world’s naturally occurring water is fresh (National Academy of Engineering, n.d.). The
    functional requirements of the water project will be to ensure that all households and public
    facilities have tap access to clean water. The performance of the program should be above
    average, able to deliver water to the residents at least 98% of the days of the year. Residents and
    organizations are very ready to pay for reliable clean water for use, but clean water accessibility
    has always been a challenge.
    Key stakeholders
    The key stakeholders of this project would be the residents of Modesto, California, the
    California state water department, non-governmental organizations, system designers and
    implementers, and the federal government. The residents of the area are the first stakeholders
    because they are the consumers of the product. The state and federal governments are the funders
    of the project and are thus interested in ensuring that residents of Modesto, California have
    access to clean and reliable tap water services. The non-governmental organizations are usually

    SYSTEMS ENGINEERING NEEDS ANALYSIS

    3

    core partner in humanitarian projects and crisis and they are usually concerned with ensuring that
    the users ha...

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    Anonymous
    Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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