Tax Cuts Research Paper

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Question Description

Conduct your own research and write a concise but thorough research paper 1) explaining and examining the Laffer Curve and a historical perspective on the balance of tax burdens and revenue generation; 2) analyzing contemporary proposals and arguments for the tax cuts in tax reform; 3) analyzing the politics of tax cut discussions in contemporary budget and tax reform issues, and 4) providing a Judeo-Christian analysis of the potential role of tax cuts in contemporary tax reform.

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PADM 600 TAX CUTS RESEARCH PAPER INSTRUCTIONS Read all instructions and rubrics carefully before writing your research paper. You are responsible for having read and understood these documents. Public budgeting revolves around two basic powers – the power to raise revenue (e.g., to tax) and the power to use the revenues raised to accomplish legitimate constitutionally authorized goals (e.g., to spend). Both of these actions have a wide range of both intended and often unintended consequences. Economic policies and political realities often arise in issues of taxing and spending policies, their influence on the economy, and the resulting impacts on jobs, incomes, living standards and relative freedom and liberty. Ronald Reagan famously employed “supply side economics” and the Laffer Curve in the national budget and budget decisions. After carefully reading this week’s reading assignments, you will conduct your own research and write a concise but thorough research paper 1) explaining and examining the Laffer Curve and a historical perspective on the balance of tax burdens and revenue generation; 2) analyzing contemporary proposals and arguments for the tax cuts in tax reform; 3) analyzing the politics of tax cut discussions in contemporary budget and tax reform issues, and 4) providing a JudeoChristian analysis of the potential role of tax cuts in contemporary tax reform. This is a graduate-level research assignment designed to test your ability to carefully research, effectively organize and concisely communicate a nuanced understanding of the concepts and issues raised in the assignment. While the minimum page limit is short (as is often the case in public policy/public administration briefings), students are expected to craft efficient, highly substantive papers. You are expected to comport with the highest writing, research, and ethical standards. Additionally, to do well on this assignment, you must conduct high-quality research and offer rich, well-supported analysis; mere opinion or conjecture will not suffice. There must be no careless or simple grammatical errors such as misspellings, incomplete sentences, comma splices, instances of faulty noun/verb agreement, etc. Such errors will result in significant point deductions. Plagiarism in any form is strictly prohibited and may result in failure of the assignment, failure of the course, and/or removal from the program. It is your responsibility to ensure that you fully understand what constitutes the various forms of plagiarism and that you avoid all forms of plagiarism. The text of this research paper must be 5–7 pages (not including title page, reference page, and any appendices). This paper must be in current APA format with 1-inch margins and 12-pt Times New Roman font. You must also include a title page and reference page. You must include citations to a sufficient number of appropriate professional, scholarly, or other appropriate sources to fully support your assertions and conclusions (which will likely require more than the minimum number of citations); each paper must contain citations to the course texts book, assigned readings, and a minimum of 5 additional sources, not including the course textbooks, assigned readings, and the Bible. This assignment must be submitted by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 4. TAX CUTS RESEARCH PAPER RUBRIC Criteria Content (70%) Content Advanced 92-100% 46 to 50 points: Levels of Achievement Proficient Developing 84-91% 1-83% 42 to 45.5 points: 1 to 41.5 points: • All key elements of the • Most key elements of the • Inadequate coverage of assignment are covered assignment are covered key elements of the thoroughly and in a and in a substantive way. assignment. Student substantive way. Student Student provides a inadequately provides a provides a well-researched, mostly developed fully developed analysis fully developed analysis of analysis of each element of each element of the each element of the of the assignment. assignment. assignment. • Most content is • Content is inadequate and • Content is thoroughly, comprehensively, not presented comprehensively, accurate, accurate, and exhibits an comprehensively, and exhibits a nuanced adequate understanding accurately, or exhibits an rather than superficial of the terms and concepts adequate understanding of understanding of the terms assigned. the terms and concepts and concepts assigned. assigned. • Most points are • Major points are thoroughly adequately stated and are • Major points are stated clearly and are supported by appropriate inadequately stated clearly supported by appropriate professional and and are not supported by professional and scholarly scholarly literature and/or appropriate professional literature and/or logic. logic. Student mostly and scholarly literature Student employs sound, employs sound, reasoned and/or logic. Student reasoned discussion, discussion, description, inadequately employs description, explanation, explanation, and sound, reasoned and evaluation of assigned evaluation of assigned discussion, description, terms and concepts. terms and concepts. explanation, and evaluation of assigned . . terms and concepts. Not Present 0 points Not present . Development 36.5 to 40 points: • Includes meaningful and thorough use of source 33 to 36 points: 1 to 32.5 points: • Mostly includes • Includes inadequate use of meaningful and adequate source material and 0 points Not present Total material and analytical use of source material applies very little reasoning to elaborate upon and analytical reasoning analytical reasoning to the topics or themes. to elaborate upon the elaborate upon the topics topics or themes. or themes. • Research is thorough and timely for the topic. • Research is adequate and • Research is inadequate timely for the topic. and not timely for the • Thoroughly includes the topic. required quality and • Adequately includes the • Inadequately includes the quantity of cited sources to required quality and support positions. required quality and quantity of cited sources quantity of cited sources • The context and purpose of to support positions. to support positions. the writing is thorough and • The context and purpose clear. of the writing is adequate • The context and purpose of the writing is and clear. inadequate and vague. Organization 14 to 15 points: 12.5 to 13.5 points: 1 to 12 points: 0 points • The introduction provides sufficient and thorough background on the topic and previews major points. • Ideas flow in a logical and thorough sequence. • The structure of the paper is clear, thorough and easy to follow. All necessary aspects of the assignment as described in the instructions are clearly identifiable and adequately addressed. • Paragraph transitions are both present, thorough and logical, and direct the flow of thought throughout the paper. • Paper is organized into a discussion flowing thoroughly from concept/term to • The introduction provides sufficient and adequate background on the topic and previews major points. • Most ideas flow in a logical and adequate sequence. • The structure of the paper is mostly adequate, clear, and easy to follow. Most necessary aspects of the assignment as described in the instructions are adequately identifiable and adequately addressed. • Paragraph transitions are mostly present, adequately, and logically, and direct the flow of thought throughout the • The introduction inadequately provides background on the topic and previews major points. • Ideas flow in an inadequate sequence. • The structure of the paper is adequate, clear and easy to follow. All necessary aspects of the assignment as described in the instructions are not identifiable and inadequately addressed. • Paragraph transitions are inadequately presented and lacks a direct flow of thought throughout the paper. • Paper is not organized into a discussion and Not present concept/term and includes sufficient introductory, conclusory, and connecting mechanics to make the assignment a research paper, rather than mere a list of terms. Structure (30%) Format/APA Advanced 92-100% 19 to 20 points: paper. • Paper is mostly organized into a discussion flowing from concept/term to concept/term and includes adequate introductory, conclusory, and connecting mechanics to make the assignment a research paper, rather than mere a list of terms. Proficient 84-91% 17 to 18.5 points: inadequately flows from concept/term to concept/term and presents an inadequate introductory, conclusory, and connecting mechanics to make the assignment a research paper. Developing 1-83% 1 to 16.5 points: • The paper includes title • The paper includes title • The paper does not page, reference page, and 5– page, reference page, and includes and/or title page, 7 full pages of content. mostly 5–7 full pages of reference page, and lacks content. 5–7 full pages of content. • The paper is thoroughly • The paper lacks effective organized effectively, uses • The paper is mostly headings and subheadings adequately organized use of headings and and uses reader-friendly effectively, uses headings subheadings and uses aids, (e.g., section and subheadings and uses reader-friendly aids, (e.g., summaries, tables of reader-friendly aids, section summaries, tables contents, indices, (e.g., section summaries, of contents, indices, appendices, etc.) as tables of contents, appendices, etc.) as appropriate. indices, appendices, etc.) appropriate. as appropriate. • The reference page(s) • The reference page(s) is contains complete, properly • The reference page(s) incomplete, improperly formatted citations in contains mostly formatted citations in current APA format for all complete, properly current APA format. support utilized. formatted citations in • The paper does not follow current APA format for • The paper follows current current APA format all support utilized. The APA format guidelines. guidelines. paper follows current • The paper is written in 12-pt • The paper is not written in APA format guidelines. Times New Roman font, is 12-pt Times New Roman Not Present 0 points Not present Total double-spaced, and has 1” margins. The work is original, giving credit to all borrowed ideas and quotations. Grammar/ Punctuation/ Spelling Readability /Style 14 to 15 points: • Rules of grammar, usage, and punctuation are followed. • Spelling is correct. 9.25 to 10 points: • Sentences are complete, clear, and concise. • Sentences are wellconstructed with consistently strong and varied structure. • Sentence transitions are present and direct the flow of thought. • Words used are precise and unambiguous. • The paper employs authoritative, persuasive, statesmanlike voice. • The paper is mostly written in 12-pt Times New Roman font, is double-spaced, and has 1” margins. The work is mostly original, giving credit to all borrowed ideas. 12.5 to 13.5 points: • Most rules of grammar, usage, and punctuation are followed. • Most spelling is correct. font, lacks double-line spacing, and lacks 1” margins. The work is not original, and lacks giving credit to all borrowed ideas. 1 to 12 points: • Inadequate rules of grammar, usage, and punctuation are followed. • Minimal spelling is correct. 0 points Not present 8.5 to 9 points: 1 to 8.25 points: 0 points • Most sentences are complete, clear, and concise. • Most sentences are wellconstructed with consistently strong and varied structure. • Most sentence transitions are present and direct the flow of thought. • Most words used are precise and unambiguous. • The paper mostly employs • Few sentences are complete, clear, and concise. • Few sentences are wellconstructed with consistently strong and varied structure. • Few sentence transitions are present and direct the flow of thought. • Few words used are precise and unambiguous. • The paper poorly employs Not present authoritative, persuasive, statesmanlike voice. authoritative, persuasive, statesmanlike voice. Professor Comments: Total /150 ...
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CASIMIR
School: UCLA

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Anonymous
Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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