UNIVERSITY OF THE INCARNATE WORD
H-E-B SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND ADMINISTRATION
MIS 2321- 01 FALL 2018
TR 7:30 - 8:45 (GB -212)
Green Computing & the ways
Information Privacy & methods for
it can improve the quality of
improving the privacy of
Information Systems Issues
that effect organization
CHAPTER 4 :
PERSONAL, LEGAL, ETHICAL,
& ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUES
OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS
Privacy of e-mail, data
collections issues & censorship
Principals of Intellectual
Ethical issues related to
Property & issues related to
the infringement of
Information Privacy & methods for improving the Privacy
What is Privacy?
Employers search social networking sites for background information on applicants
Monitoring systems are adopted by employers to check employee performance
Healthcare organizations, financial institutions, legal firms, and online-ordering firms gather
personal data and enter it in databases
Several federal laws regulate the collecting and using of information on people and
Narrow in scope and contain loopholes
Social Media Privacy
Privacy of e-mail, data collections issues & censorship
Unsolicited e-mail sent for advertising purposes
Privacy issues by
✴ Sent in bulk using automated mailing software
e-mails sent on company-owned computers are the property of an organization
should assume that others have access to their messages
commonly used technologies for data collection are log files and cookies.
✴ Sometimes users give incorrect information on purpose.
✴ If the information isn’t accurate, the result could be identity misrepresentation.
✴ Therefore, data collection on the Internet must be used and interpreted with caution
Ethical issues related to Information Technology
and ethical decision making involve the moral guidelines people or organizations
follow in dealing with others.
✴ In essence, ethics means doing the right thing, and its meaning can vary in different cultures
and even from person to person.
✴ Determining what’s legal or illegal is usually clear, but drawing a line between what’s
ethical and unethical is more difficult
The ethical problem with Facebook's emotional experiment
CNET looks at the ethical issues of Facebook’s controversial experiment, which was
published in an academic journal and funded by the government
Principals of Intellectual Property & issues related to the infringement of
cyberfraud, identity theft, and intellectual property theft are on the rise.
✴ Many experts believe management can
✴ reduce employees’ unethical behavior by developing and enforcing codes of ethics.
✴ Many associations promote ethically responsible use of information systems and
✴ technologies and have developed codes of ethics for their members.
Intellectual property is a legal umbrella covering protections that involve copyrights, trademarks,
trade secrets, and patents for “creations of the mind” developed by people or businesses.
Cybersquatting is registering, selling, or using a domain name to profit from someone else’s
TV white space closes digital divide in Kenya
With more than 4 billion people in the world lacking internet access, Mawingu hopes to provide a solution. The company
uses TV white space, or the gaps in between TV channels, to deliver fast, affordable and reliable connectivity to rural
areas in Kenya. Now villages, schools, farms, and local residents are able to use the power of the internet to pursue
passions, advance their education, and better understand the world.
Information Systems Issues that effect organization
technologies have a direct effect on the nature of jobs.
✴Telecommuting or virtual work, for example, as enabled some people to perform their
jobs from home.
✴With telecommunications technology, a worker can send and receive data
✴to and from the main office, and organizations can use the best and most cost-effective
✴human resources in a large geographical region.
✴Information technology is also creating virtual organizations, which are networks of
✴companies, suppliers, customers, and manufacturers.
✴These networks are connected via information technology and can share skills and costs.
✴Ergonomics experts believe using better-designed furniture as well as flexible
✴correct lighting, special monitors for workers with vision problems, and so
✴forth can resolve many health-related problems.
Green Computing & the ways it can improve the quality of the
What does Green Computing does?
a sustainable environment and consumes the least amount of energy
the design, manufacture, use, and disposal of computers, servers, and computing
devices with minimal impact on the environment
cooperation of both private and public sectors
Ways to Achieve Green Computing?
products that last longer and are modular in design
can be upgraded without replacing the entire system
search engines and computing routines that are faster and consume less energy
underutilized smaller servers with one large server using a virtualization technique
computing devices that consume less energy and are biodegradable
certain employees to work from their homes to reduce carbon footprints
meetings over computer networks to reduce business travel
carpool and non-motorized transportation for employees
off idle PCs and recycling computer-related materials
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