ENG122 Ashford Week 5 Bad effects of Bullying in schools Essay

timer Asked: Feb 7th, 2019
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Question Description

The Week 5 assignment is the culmination of your hard work in ENG122. You will submit your final research-based academic argument. Weekly instructor guidance, prior assignment feedback, and Chapter 5 in your course text, College Writing Handbook, will help you complete final revisions and edits. In this assignment, you will show that you have achieved all course learning outcomes:

  1. Interpret information through close and critical reading.
  2. Demonstrate effective use of the writing process.
  3. Employ effective academic tone, style, mechanics, and citation method.
  4. Integrate relevant source material effectively and ethically.
  5. Support a position appropriate to the rhetorical situation.

You will submit a five- to seven-page (1,250 to 1,800 word) well-structured essay that is formatted in proper APA style. This final draft assignment must integrate prior feedback and show effective improvement from the prior rough draft assignment. Your essay is expected to be the product of a complete and thorough writing process.

The argument presented in your essay must be sound, valid, and based upon evidence from at least eight credible sources—at least five of which must be scholarly. (Review the Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. table for more information about appropriate sources). Information and evidence must be integrated properly, cited accurately, and used with integrity. The essay must be appropriate for an academic audience.

If you have any questions about the requirements of this assignment, please contact your instructor right away. This assignment will be assessed on a 100-point scale and is worth 30% of your final grade. Your assignment may lose its formatting when it is converted in the Waypoint grading system. To preserve formatting, please submit your assignment as a PDF file.

Type of assignment: Final Draft. Main mode of discourse: Argumentation. Length requirement: 5 to 7 pages Plus title page and reference list. Style guide: APA 6th Edition. Source requirement: Eight credible sources, at least five must be scholarly. POV/perspective: Third person. Due date: Week 5, Day 7

My feedback from my first paper which is attached also attached the paper template she want us to use.


Thanks for your submission.

This is a good topic. You, however, needed to choose an argumentative one and defend one claim.

The topic is not argumentative; this is more like a cause/effect essay, which is off topic.

Please read my feedback carefully and revise before you submit the final draft.

You should decide on one specific claim and justify it with 2-3 reasons. Then discuss each reason in a separate paragraph in the main body. Then discuss the counterclaim and rebut it.

I advise you to use the attached template with the subheadings.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Running head: SHORTENED VERSION OF YOUR TITLE Full Title of Your Project: Rough Draft FirstName LastName ENG122: English Composition II Instructor FirstName LastName Monday Day, Year 1 SHORTENED VERSION OF YOUR TITLE 2 Full Title of Your Project: Rough Draft Write your paper in a well-structured essay format and utilize the writing center’s structure guidelines and APA guides to help you. Use your outline as a roadmap so you stay on track. Remember to keep your eye on the big picture, too. Your overall argument, as described in your thesis statement, must be clearly communicated in each paragraph. End the introduction paragraph with your thesis statement. Begin each body paragraph with a topic sentence. Remember, your introduction and conclusion will discuss the full argument at a high level, but your body paragraphs will each explore one piece of the argument. Support every claim with cited evidence from credible sources, and discuss the information in the context of your argument. Make sure all your pieces fit to create the complete argument. Reach out to the writing center tutors any time you would like some one-on-one support. Give the draft your best effort, but do not pressure yourself to be perfect. There will be plenty of time for revision and editing in Weeks 4 and 5. SHORTENED VERSION OF YOUR TITLE References Author, A. A. & Author B. B. (Year). Title of article with sentence case capitalization. Title of Periodical with Title Case Capitalization, V#(I#), p#-p#. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx Author, A. A. (Year, Month). Title of online article with sentence case capitalization. Title of Web Periodical with Title Case Capitalization, V#(I#). Retrieved from https://www.thestableURL.edu Author, C. C. (Year, Month Day). Title of newspaper article with sentence case capitalization. Title of Newspaper with Title Case Capitalization, pp. A1, B2-B3 Author, D. D. (Year, Month Day). Title of online newspaper article with sentence case capitalization. Title of Newspaper with Title Case Capitalization. Retrieved from https://www.newspaperwebsite.com Author, E. E. (Year). Title of physical book with sentence case capitalization. Location: Publisher Author, F. F. (Year). Title of digital book with sentence case capitalization. doi:xx.xxxxxx/xxxxxx Corporate or Government Organization. (Year). Title of report or document with sentence case capitalization. Retrieved from https://www.onlinelocation.gov For help citing and referencing court cases, see: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/10/citingcourt-decisions-in-apa-style.html For help citing and referencing the United Stated Constitution, see: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/06/how-to-cite-the-us-constitution-in-apa-style.html For help referencing other document types, see: http://writingcenter.ashford.edu/format-yourreference-list 3 Outline Introduction ➢ Thesis statement Types of bullying ➢ Social ➢ Verbal ➢ Physical Causes of bulling among the youth ➢ Peer pressure ➢ Low self-esteem ➢ Dominant personalities Effects and preventions of Bullying among the youth ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ Stress Depression Suicide PTSD Communication Laws and regulations 1 Running head: BULLYING Bullying Among the Youth Kawi Young ENG122: English Composition II Ashford University January 31, 2019 BULLYING 2 Bullying is a practice that has been there for a long time now. It has existed for long and has in the recent past evolved due to the use of technology. The way bullying is committed today is very different from the way it used to be perpetrated before use of technology became widespread. Ideally, bullying is a predominant public health issue that entails verbal, physical as well as psychological forms of aggression. It usually involves a real or perceived power imbalance. This conduct is repeated or rather has the potential to be repeated over and over by those who perpetuate it. Apparently, both the youth victims and preparators can have long term problems. This paper, therefore, seeks to explore the concept of bullying among the youth in details by examining the overarching causes, types of bullying, impacts and ways to address this health problem. Types of bullying Over the recent past, bullying among the youth in the society has been on the increase. This has led to psychological health problems among many teenagers especially those in school. Notably, bullying among the youth can be categorized into three categories. These are social bullying, physical bullying and verbal bullying. Social bullying is also called rational bullying and can involve instances where the perpetrator embarrasses the victim in public, spreading false information about another person and telling other people not to be friends with another as a way of causing alienation (Baldry, Farrington & Sorrentino, 2017). This is a common type of bullying in today’s society among the youth. For example, many young people have been affected by the spread of rumors on online platforms where the perpetrators post without caring about the effect such contents have on the victims. BULLYING 3 Physical bullying, on the other hand, involves hurting the victim’s body or possessions. Ideally, physical harassment entails pushing, rude hand gestures, spitting, kicking and breaking another person’s properties among others. Among youth in schools, some go to the extent of operating in gangs to hurt others by beating or kicking and even destroying their properties. Such happens due to the desire to for some students to be seen as more powerful than others. There is also verbal bullying. This is where a perpetrator writes or says mean things about another individual. A good example is name calling. This is common among the youth. Notably, some students give others names in respect to their physical looks, culture or race which can be hurting for the victims (Baldry, Farrington & Sorrentino, 2017). Other verbal bullying includes threats to cause harm, teasing and unsuitable sexual comments. All these types of bullying take place today and can be perpetuated physically or through the use of social media. Causes of bullying among the youth Notably, bullying can occur in schools or even after schools. Either way, it can be perpetuated through the internet which is the most common way in which young people are conducting the practice in modern society. But what causes bullying among the youth? Well, there are a number of causes. Low self-esteem is one of the causes of bullying among young people. According to studies, students with low self-esteem use bullying as a way for them to feel better (Tyler & Schmitz, 2018). Ideally, threatening others or treating them as victims makes those students with low self-esteem feel more powerful. To this end, these students use this as a way to compensate for their low self-esteem. Another cause of bullying among the youth is dominant traits. Young people with these dominant personalities in many cases are popular and connect with different types of people. As such, they tend to have the need to dominate less popular individuals. They do this as a way of maintaining their popularity. BULLYING 4 Another and most common cause of bullying among the youth is peer pressure as well as the desire to fit in certain groups. Ideally, some young people will bully others as a way of remaining popular while others bully others to fit in certain groups. The peer pressure to act in a certain way to be accepted in by a group can have adverse effects not only to the victims but also to the perpetrator. What is funny though is the fact that even those young people who bully others due to peer pressure do not feel comfortable with their bullying acts. This is because some are forced to act in such ways by those who dominate the group as a way of earning a ticket to fit in the group. Additionally, discriminatory policies, especially in schools, can teach young people to be bullies (Mueller, James, Abrutyn & Levin, 2015). This is most common in nations with people of different races like the US. In the US, for example, the whites have been discriminating against blacks for a long time. As such, when a student says something that is discriminatory in nature and fails to be punished by school authority it makes others feel that they can bully others and still escape unscathed. Effects and preventions of Bullying among the youth Bullying affects the victims adversely. For example, the victims of bullying tend to have short term effects in which they experience depression, have stress and feel like their lives are falling apart. This is common in today where cyberbullying takes place at any time and any place. For example, when a perpetrator posts on social media false information about 99990900a victim, it becomes hurting. This makes one feel depressed and hate at the same time (Eisenberg, McMorris, Gower & Chatterjee, 2016). The impact of this in many cases is a decline in school performance among the youth. This is because concentration in school becomes a challenge for the victims. When bullying continues, the victim can even commit suicide. Many cases of suicide among the youth have been linked to cyberbullying. In the long-term, victims of bullying can start to feel insecure, lack trust and develop mental problems like PTSD. Also, there are those who develop the desire for vengeance leading BULLYING 5 them to torment others. Bullying can affect young people’s ability to learn, socialize with others as well as their physical and emotional safety. One of the best ways to address this problem is communication, especially in schools. This can be undertaken by training both the staff and students on what bullying is, how it happens and its effects. Through this information, they can become aware of it hence easily prevented (Yoon, Sulkowski & Bauman, 2016). Another measure to address the problem is through establishing strict rules by school management and also the law enforcement agencies. This will ensure that students who bully others in schools are disciplined. Also, law enforcement rules on the same will make sure that any practice of bullying especially cyberbullying is addressed in the correct way and perpetrators punished for the same. In conclusion, bullying is a widespread practice in today's society among youth. It is caused by many factors as seen in the above discussion. Low self-esteem, dominant personalities, discriminatory policies and peer pressure are among the primary causes of bullying among the youth. Bullying leads to depression, stress and even suicide among other effects. It is therefore imperative to come up with laws and regulations to address the problem. BULLYING 6 References Baldry, A. C., Farrington, D. P., & Sorrentino, A. (2017). School bullying and cyberbullying among boys and girls: Roles and overlap. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 26(9), 937-951. Eisenberg, M. E., McMorris, B. J., Gower, A. L., & Chatterjee, D. (2016). Bullying victimization and emotional distress: is there strength in numbers for vulnerable youth? Journal of psychosomatic research, 86, 13-19. Mueller, A. S., James, W., Abrutyn, S., & Levin, M. L. (2015). Suicide ideation and bullying among US adolescents: Examining the intersections of sexual orientation, gender, and race/ethnicity. American journal of public health, 105(5), 980-985. Tyler, K. A., & Schmitz, R. M. (2018). Bullying at school and on the street: risk factors and outcomes among homeless youth. Journal of interpersonal violence, 0886260518794024. Yoon, J., Sulkowski, M. L., & Bauman, S. A. (2016). Teachers’ responses to bullying incidents: Effects of teacher characteristics and contexts. Journal of school violence, 15(1), 91-113. ...
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Tutor Answer

School: UC Berkeley



Bullying Leads to School Shootings
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation




Bullying leads to school shootings
Bullying is whereby one party dominates another by making them feel inferior and using
their weaknesses to demean them. Bullying can either be physical for example in school where
the ‘awkward’ looking students are threatened and mistreated by the popular students. Also,
bullying can be done over the internet where a person is stalked by another and receives
threatening messages from such people (Klein, 2012). The effects of bullying that are widely
known are depression and low self-esteem. However, there has been a debate on whether
bullying leads to school shootings. The United States of America has experienced several school
shootings which in some cases are associated with bullying (Cohen & Brooks, 2018). Some of
the shooters are associated with bullying and hence people concluding that school shootings have
been as a result of bullying. There are those that believe that school shootings are caused by
other factors which can be mental or personal family issues. School shootings have been on the
rise currently, and the people causing such shootings have significant factors that influence them
to take such an action and bullying occupies a greater portion of those factors.
Firstly, bullying demeans a person's characters, and hence a student can decide to act in
such a manner that other people realize that they are powerful. Carrying a gun in school makes
one feel that they are in control of every situation they face. A gun makes the student feel that
they can force others to do whatever they want (Mears et al., 2017). In 2018 Nikolas Cruz
conducted a mass shooting that killed fourteen students and three staff members. The school
shooting was conducted in Stoneman Douglas High School where Cruz was a former student
(Lombardi, 2018). After an in-depth investigation by the school officers, it was found that Mr.
Cruz was bullied while in school. His brother also confessed to the bullying and said that he had
seen how adversely it had affected his brother's academics. Mr. Cruz believed that he would



cause pain to the school and other parents because none of them had helped him while he was

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