Explain how pain causes complications in preventing relapse in sober clients.

Psychology
Tutor: None Selected Time limit: 1 Day

One of the largest hurdles in recovering from a substance use disorder does not concern getting sober, but rather, staying sober over time. Relapse is a constant threat; clients are consistently battling against their triggers to remain sober. Additionally, many recovering users suffer from pain, sometimes due to the initial conditions that led them to use, or from conditions developed through their chronic substance use. 

Aug 8th, 2015

Thank you for the opportunity to help you with your question!

Pain causes complications in preventing relapse in sober clients due to physiological dependence.

Most drugs of abuse especially the narcotics give their 'high' by stimulating the release of endorphins.

Physiological dependence arises when the threshold of the endorphin release is increased and maintained at a level which a drop would trigger the withdrawal symptoms.

Most analgesics work by the same mechanism, only that they are not addictive.

However, if a Client who is now sober uses the same analgesics to manage pain, the feeling of 'high' can be triggered and their body will demand the levels previously attained by the drug of abuse.

And since most analgesics cannot be taken in quantities large enough to sort this demand due to risk of liver and kidney injury, a patient may relapse into the previously abused drug.

Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
Aug 8th, 2015

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Aug 8th, 2015
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