linguist problem just understand what the ppt said

timer Asked: Feb 7th, 2019
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Question Description


Morphology is the study of the structure of words.

In phonology we saw that sounds contrast with each other for the purpose of distinguishing words. But how do sounds convey meaning?

What are the smallest units of language that can convey meaning?

Do these units have structure?

How do these units combine with each other? The smallest unit of language that conveys an

identifiable meaning is the morpheme

Morphemes combine together to form words.

Tutor Answer

School: UIUC

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Surname 1
Problem Set 3: Morphology
1. The following words are made up of either one or two morphemes. Isolate the morphemes and
state for each if it is free or bound, and what kind of affix, if any, is involved (i.e., is it a prefix or
a suffix?). (4 points each)
a. succotash


b. bicycle


Bound, Prefix

cycle Free
c. greedy

d. entrust

greed Free

Bound, Suffix


Bound, Prefix

trust Free
e. signpost

f. spacious





space Free
-ious Bound, Suffix

2. For each pair of German singular plural words below, identify the plural morpheme and label
the morphological process involved (affixation, alternation, suppletion, reduplication, or
compounding). (2 points each)
Singular Plural Gloss
a. Loch Löcher ‘hole’ EXAMPLE: -er, alternation
b. Bild Bilder ‘picture’

-er, affixation

c. Büro Büros ‘office’

-s, affixation

d. Tüte Tüten ‘bag’

-n, affixation

Surname 2
e. Uhr Uhren ‘watch’

-en, affixation

f. Rind Rinder ‘bull/cow’

-er, affixation

g. Wagen Wagen ‘vehicle’

zero alternation

h. Stift Stifte ‘pen’

-e, affixation

i. Haus Häuser ‘house’

-er, alternation

j. Laus Läuse ‘louse’

-e, alternation

k. Hut Hüte ‘hat’

-e, alternation

l. Hütte Hütten ‘hut’

-n, affixation

m. Buch Bücher ‘book’

-er, alternation

n. Dach Dächer ‘roof’

-er, alternation

o. K...

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