abnormal behavior

timer Asked: Feb 7th, 2019
account_balance_wallet $10

Question Description

For your Final Project, you will select three case studies from the given set. Each case scenario represents a different type of offender (e.g., mentally disordered offender, sex offender, violent offender, family violence offender, female offender, white-collar criminal, cybercriminal, or terrorist).

For each case:

  1. Apply a specific theoretical approach to the criminal behaviors displayed in each case.
  2. Determine if the crime or crimes presented would be categorized as expressive or instrumental. Explain your rationale.
  3. Evaluate whether developmental risk factors and correlates of criminal behavior influence criminal behavior. Evaluate whether the offender in each case scenario is a criminal.
    Note: Although assessment is an integral step in the tasks you complete in this Final Project, for the purposes of this course and Final Project, you will not assess the offenders in the case scenarios you select.

Your Final Project may be presented via one of the following options:

  • A 10- to 12-page (not including references, title page, or abstract), double-spaced, APA-formatted paper.


  • A PowerPoint presentation (minimum 20 slides). This PowerPoint must be accompanied by a separate 3- to 4-page written summary and must follow these guidelines:
  • References and citations may be included at the end of the presentation in the final slides, or they may be included throughout the presentation after the applicable information.
  • The presentation should demonstrate proficiency in the use of PowerPoint.
  • Your Instructor cannot offer any guidance on technical issues.
  • The Final Project must include:
    • A minimum of five references (in addition to any course readings that you may wish to reference). Please be aware that user-created websites, such as Wikipedia, will not be accepted as scholarly references.

Tutor Answer

School: Purdue University



Criminal Behavior Theories

Criminal Behavior Theories


Criminal Behavior Theories
Trait (Biological and Psychological)
Individual trait theory of criminology maintains that some personality traits predispose
people to crime. It draws its premises from biological and environmental factors that are thought
to shape one’s personality (Hirschi, 2017). Psychological and biological factors influence
behavior expression. The key argument is that genetic and psychological conditions influence
one’s perception and learning of social behaviors and, thus, a change in one’s demeanor is linked
to prevailing environmental factors. The traits, which are prominent, can be used to summarize
an individual’s personality in its entirety. Hirschi (2017) observes that individuals that partake in
criminal behaviors have a family history of offense or stay in neighborhoods that have high
prevalence of crime. The trait model assumes that criminal behavior originates from a subset of
psychological attributes. Therefore, individuals develop certain attitudes, values, motives and
techniques for crime through the interaction with other people of a similar archetype. For
instance, children raised in war-torn environments tend to gravitate towards gun-related offences
because they are exposed to arms at an early age.
Other trait-related factors that predispose individuals to criminal behavior are criminal
peers, antisocial characteristics, low self-esteem, and substance abuse. Biological factors
determine individual genetic make-up. Similarly, genetic factors cause clinical complications
such as epilepsy and depression. In that similar fashion, genetics incline people to some mental
disorder offenses due to variances in neuroendocrine functions and autonomic arousal. For
example, high-crime parents that engage in substance abuse and other drug-related crimes are
likely to entice their children into crime because young people mimic what they see from their

Criminal Behavior Theories


immediate environment. In addition, negative stimuli are more contagious than positive
incentives. This model further suggests that individual traits can be targeted when developing
approaches that will be effective for crime control. However, this theory discredits the use of
uncommon characteristics to determine a person’s personality. Trait theory has been criticized
for linking genetic intelligence to leadership abilities and hence criminality.
Psychological and biological influences are attributable to perennial offences.
Nonetheless, determinate mode of punishment is effective in addressing crime from the trait
perspective. The purpose of determinate sentencing is to invoke behavioral changes. Therefore, a
trait offender should be sentenced to six months in prison during when he/she is given time off to
demonstrate good behavior during the jail term (King, 2015). The person’s understanding of
criminality will change since the theory purports that individuals who commit crime due to
biological dispositions can change their behavior based on the social environment. Determinate
punitive measures involve offering educational opportunities to criminals to promote behavioral
rehabilitation through exploiting one’s intelligence, learning ability and personality. For instance,
Sex Offenders
In Social criminological perspective (Sociological theories), people engage in certain
activities because of the influence they get from the immediate social environment including the
neighborhood, family and relatives, and peer groups. Primary groups such family and peer
groups have a particularly large influence on what people learning. Individuals learn to engage in
sexual felonies mainly because of negative interactions with peers bearing the same inclination.
That is, these people are prepared to commit crime, learn beliefs that support crime, and
are expose d to crimin...

flag Report DMCA

Good stuff. Would use again.

Similar Questions
Hot Questions
Related Tags
Study Guides

Brown University

1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology

2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University

982 Tutors

Columbia University

1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University

2113 Tutors

Emory University

2279 Tutors

Harvard University

599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2319 Tutors

New York University

1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University

1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University

2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University

932 Tutors

Princeton University

1211 Tutors

Stanford University

983 Tutors

University of California

1282 Tutors

Oxford University

123 Tutors

Yale University

2325 Tutors