"Europe’s Cathedral Architecture" Please respond to the following

History
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  • Identify the key functions of stained glass windows in the Gothic style in Europe's cathedral architecture. Identify two (2) differences between the Romanesque and Gothic cathedral structures, and discuss which you prefer and the reasons why. Identify one (1) existing structure (the closer to your home the better) that is Romanesque or Gothic, and explain the features that support your identification.
Aug 9th, 2015

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KEY FUNCTIONS

1. the architecture of many of the great Cathedrals, abbeys and churches of Europe.

2. It is also the architecture of many castles, palaces, town halls, guild halls, universities and to a less prominent extent, private dwellings, such as dorms and rooms.


The Difference

Gothic vs Romanesque Architecture

Gothic and Romanesque architecture are different architectural styles with certain similarities and many differences.

The Romanesque architecture style was prevalent during the 9th and the 12th centuries. The Byzantine and the Roman styles have influenced the Romanesque architecture. The name “Romanesque” was carved out in the 1800s as it came with the barrel vault feature which had a resemblance to the classical Roman arch.

The Gothic architecture is traced to the mid-12th century. Gothic architecture was mainly intended to make the churches look like heaven. The Gothic architecture made the churches bright, colorful, and soaring.
The Romanesque architecture had the characteristics of large, internal spaces, barrel vaults, thick walls, and rounded arches on windows and doors. Gothic architecture has many features like highness, flying buttresses, and vertical lines. One of the main differences between the two architectures is in the use of the buttress which was common in Gothic buildings.
When comparing the buildings of the two periods, the buildings of the Romanesque period were solid and heavy with thick walls. As the Gothic buildings had thick walls, it was difficult to make huge and numerous windows. The Romanesque buildings only had small windows and, as such, the rooms were dimly lit. The Romanesque structures came with heavy frames. On the other hand, the Gothic structures had a slender skeleton. The Gothic buildings had big windows with stained glass that allowed more light into the rooms.

I

I prefer Gothic to Romanesque because Gothic architecture made the churches bright, colorful, and soaring.
The Romanesque architecture had the characteristics of large, internal spaces, barrel vaults, thick walls, and rounded arches on windows and doors

Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
Aug 9th, 2015

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