CIS438 Data Breach Case Analysis

timer Asked: Feb 8th, 2019
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Question Description

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) provides an extensive amount of information, resources, and guidance on IT and information security topics. The Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) provides standards and guidelines for establishing information security within federal systems. However, there have been, and continues to be, numerous security incidents including data breaches within federal systems. Review the information about FISMA at the NIST Website, located at Additionally, review the information, located at, about the data breaches within government systems.

Select one (1) of the data breaches mentioned to conduct a case analysis, or select another based on your research, and research more details about that incident to complete the following assignment requirements.

Write a three to five (3-5) page paper on your selected case in which you:

  1. Describe the data breach incident and the primary causes of the data breach.
  2. Analyze how the data breach could have been prevented with better adherence to and compliance with regulatory requirements and guidelines, including management controls; include an explanation of the regulatory requirement (such as from FISMA, HIPAA, or others).
  3. Assess if there are deficiencies in the regulatory requirements and whether they need to be changed, and how they need to be changed, to mitigate further data breach incidents.
  4. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • This course requires use of new Student Writing Standards (SWS). The format is different than other Strayer University courses. Please take a moment to review the SWS documentation for details.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the source list are not included in the required page length.

Tutor Answer

School: Boston College

Hi, kind;y find attached


Information Security
Student’s Name



In the recent past, federal agencies have been exposed to data breaches. According to
Catalano (2014), a data breach refers to an incident of unauthorized access and exposure of
protected information. In government agencies, data breaches are not only a result of hacking,
but also human error which results in lost storage drives, physical theft, and misconfigured
databases. Some of the personal information exposed to government data breaches include
names, addresses, social security numbers, and other sensitive information. As a result of these
data breaches, citizens have to endure cases of identity theft. Regardless, the government has put
in place measure to combat the issue by investing resources, legislation, and putting in place
agencies to oversee the security of federal data like the National Institute of Standards and
Technology, and the Federal Information Security Management Act. However, despite these
measures, data breaches in government agencies persist.
Data Breach Incident
In December 2015, the largest data breach in the government occurred. The database
breach exposed more than 191 voter information records. As mentioned earlier, the breach was a
result of human error and lack of proper oversight procedures (Stevens & Library of Congress
Washington DC Congressional Research Service, 2017). It was later established that the database
had been incorrectly configured and had been exposed to the internet. The government data in
the database included names, party affiliations, emails, dates of birth, and addresses. The most
affected region was the District of Columbia where all registered voters were exposed among
other 50 states in the United States....

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awesome work thanks

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