Ethnography Report: Alcohol Addiction and Recovery

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timer Asked: Feb 8th, 2019
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Question Description

The ethnography report provides an opportunity to interview someone you know about their spirituality and how it supported them in order to address a challenge or overcome an adversity.

The interview can be done by phone, email, or in person. The interviewee, or participant, must have a copy of the Ethnography Information Sheet before starting the interview and an opportunity to read it. Your study report must include a statement that you gave the Information Sheet to your participant. You must also give your participant an pseudonym to maintain anonymity and confidentiality.

The report will be approximately three to four pages of meaningful, engaged text and conform to the Ethnography Report Outline, the sample Report, and the Guidelines for Written Work, except for the double-spacing. More information on the structure of the paper is provided in the outline. Please note, while you may use an outside academic source, it's not required. What is required is that you use a class concept or class source as described in the outline. You may also list your spiritual interest paper as a resource. Whatever you list as a source must be cited to in the body of the report, e.g., (Garcia Rivera).

Ethnography Interview Information Sheet Project Statement In order to better understand the dynamics of spirituality in relation to life experience, students interview someone personally known to them about spirituality and its role in providing support to meet challenges and overcome adversity. What would I be asked to do? • The student will contact you to set up a time and place to meet for an interview that will last approximately 45-60 minutes. Before the interview begins, the student will ask if you have any questions and get your consent to ask questions, including personal background questions. Answering the questions is voluntary. • The interview may be recorded with a digital audio recorder or cell phone. However, prior to starting the interview, the student will make sure you feel comfortable with the recording. You may withdraw consent to the audio recording at any time during the interview. • You may refuse to answer any question or ask that a particular response not be recorded. You may refuse to participate or withdraw from the interview at any time. • If at any point during or after the interview you decide to withdraw from the project, you may notify the student to have information about you destroyed and it will not be used in the project. The student will be given an opportunity to interview someone else they know and their course grade will not be affected by your withdrawal. Who would see study information about me? • Information identifying you as a participant in the project will be confidential. Information that could identify you among the University community will be changed and only the student interviewer will have access to it. • A pseudonym, or made up name, will be used in place of your real name in any written document submitted by the student. Other characteristics about you, such as your appearance or other personal details, may also be changed in the report to protect your identity. • The information provided by you in the interview will not be passed on to anyone other than the student without your signed permission. • The student interviewer will only have information about you that you decide to share with them. Written notes and digital recordings will be stored by the student in a secure location. What else do I need to know? • Your student interviewer will give you their contact information and you may contact them by phone or email if you have any questions about the research. P2 If you agree to participate . . . . If you agree to participate, you acknowledge the following by accepting this information sheet: The project above has been explained to me. I voluntarily consent to take part in this project. I have been told that I can refuse to answer any question or leave the project at any time, without penalty. I have had a chance to ask questions. I have been told that I may contact the class instructor if I have any questions, concerns or complaints about the project. THANK YOU!
Ethnography Report Outline I. Introduction A. Topic: Participant and Challenge/Adversity B. Research Interest: why this topic C. Brief Description of Resources II. Ethnographic Study Design A. Data Collection and Recruitment Demographics Date and Location of data collection Type of data collection: structured or semi-structured interview B. Scope of data collection Field notes, recording, information sheet and basis for consent (info sheet) C. Description of the Participant: ethnicity, country of origin, age, education, job position, location, and other cultural identifying factors that may impact topic and challenge/adversity III. In-depth Description of Challenge or Adversity in relation to the Participant (no more than three paragraphs) IV. Description of Spirituality and how it addresses the adversity. This section is no more than three paragraphs and must include a concept from class or one of the readings and be cited in the text as such (see the outline for the Spiritual Interest Paper for class concepts). A. Use participant’s own word’s in quotes B. Identify participant’s assumptions C. Clarify and define participant’s use of terms V. Discussion of what you’ve learned from the participant (no more than three paragraphs) Include what you learned about spirituality in addressing challenges or adversity in general VI. Takeaway – A sentence or two about the wisdom shared by your participant
Ethnography Report Sample I. Topic: Spirituality of a participant who has overcome a challenge or adversity Challenge/Adversity: Finding a pedagogy to help students succeed who have learning difficulties Resources: Doughnut Dialogues (spiritual interest paper) (Bogucki, 2016) Garcia-Rivera, St Martin de Porres, imaginative existence, pp 102-105; Silva, C., Moses, R., Rivers, J., & Johnson, P. (1990). The Algebra Project: Making Middle School Mathematics Count. The Journal of Negro Education, 59(3), 375-391. Anticipated effective psychological, cultural, and transcendent values: inclusivity, empathy, active listening, cross-cultural learning in teaching Objective: I want to learn about my participant’s teaching philosophy and best practices in a spiritual context in order to better understand how one may promote empathy in human relations in education. While empathy is a noble practice, our default is often to disengage and expand our social distances from those with whom we do not obviously share commonality. II. Ethnographic Study Design: Data Collection and Recruitment Participant Pseudonym: Professor X Relationship to participant who is being interviewed: former teacher Location of data collection and why – coffee shop; semi-private and convenient for participant Type of data collection: semi-structured interview Date of data collection: middle of February Scope of data collection: Field notes and recording Basis for consent: acceptance of the information sheet Description of the Participant: Professor X is a female Hispanic math instructor from Kent and 43 years old. Professor X’s father is also a mathematician and retired college mathematics professor. For Professor X, pursuing math as a career was always an opportunity available to her and entered college quite confident that she wanted to teach math. III. In-depth Description of Challenge or Adversity in relation to the Participant Professor X did not feel comfortable in English class growing up, especially class discussions. She believes this is because she is painfully shy and empathizes with students who feel as nervous as her on the first day. On the first day of class, whether it be a core math course or an advanced Calculus course, Professor X focuses entirely on introductions. She genuinely wants to get to know her students, so asks them to answer a series of questions. Most importantly, she shares her responses to those same questions so the students have the opportunity to know a bit about her, as well. It is essential to Professor X that her first day of a class should not just be reading the syllabus and leaving. Professor X finds that many of the same challenges arise whether she is teaching selflabeled “non-math people” or advanced STEM majors. Many students take the classes she teaches as either a graduation or degree requirement, so she frequently faces push-back from students who simply do not want to be in the course. Professor X also knows what she finds difficult or easy about mathematical concepts may be different than her students, which requires her pacing to be flexible. Even in her advanced mathematics courses, students do not enter the course with the same knowledge and understanding. Days where she fails to make a connection with her students are frustrating for Professor X. When she is frustrated at a student or class, Professor X asks herself, “Who are the people in the classroom?” For example, if she is teaching a course to mainly first quarter freshmen, she empathizes with students by having an understanding for their greater context, including the huge life change college entails. This sentiment echoes the If Project, where Detective Kim Bogucki seeks to examine the incarcerated women’s greater context to understand the path that led the women to prison (Bogucki, 2016). When she becomes frustrated, Professor X seeks support from her colleagues, often informally discussing the happenings of their classes, her dad, for insights on teaching best practices, and relationships with students, including course tutors and former students. Though grading and lecturing are sources of frustration for Professor X, there are many areas of her profession that she finds fulfilling. She particularly loves seeing students improve over the quarter. In class discussions, she frequently learns new insights into how her students are thinking. At least once a quarter, she is totally surprised by someone’s thought process. Professor X particularly loves working one-on-one with students. When asked about future plans, Professor X said she is incredibly satisfied with teaching math. Though she loves relaxing during summer break, she is always anxious to go back at the start of fall quarter. IV. Description of Spirituality and how it addresses the adversity. This section must include a concept from class or one of the readings and be cited in the text as such (see outline for Spiritual Interest Paper for class concepts). When asked who influences her pedagogy, Professor X credits a multitude of teachers she had as a student and her very own dad. Though her dad is retired, she says he plays an integral role in her lesson planning as she constantly runs ideas by him and shares how her classes are going. In terms of teachers, she still utilizes some of the tips and tricks she learned in her high school math courses to explain new concepts to students. Whenever possible, Professor X likes to use tangible examples to explain abstract concepts, a trick she picked up from a high school math teacher. Whether Professor X means to or not, this is a best practice of a socially just mathematics educator, for when the curriculum is relevant, it becomes accessible to all students (Silva, Moses, Rivers, & Johnson, 1990). Professor X’s pedagogy is particularly meaningful when examined in the lens of imaginal existence. According to García-Rivera, “To know something or somebody is to include that something or somebody into one’s own world, one’s ‘imaginal existence’” (1995, p. 103). When asked who she defines as a math student, Professor X responded, “To me it’s everyone. I think everyone can be a math student and get something from math and find some enjoyment in some aspect of math. In part, what I aim for when I’m teaching is to not exclude people. I try really hard not to do anything that would discourage people from asking questions, even if they think they’re silly. I really want to combat that feeling of being excluded from being in the ‘inclub’ of math.” Professor X’s statement of who she imagines as a math student exposes her transcendent values of inclusivity and empathy and echoes the mission of the Algebra Project, which believes every student can, and deserves, to learn advanced mathematics (Silva, Moses, Rivers, & Johnson, 1990). In the participant’s view, empathy, or our ability to understand, accept, and accommodate another person’s feelings and experiences, is a practice that requires intentional effort. Professor X puts imaginal existence into practice in many subtle, but salient ways. First, she signs off all emails with “Please let me know if you have any additional questions”, which she hopes encourages students to ask more, especially if her initial explanation did not satisfy their confusions or curiosities. She also includes a section on her syllabus outlining ways to be successful in the class, which usually focus on seeking out help when needed. Professor X also emphasizes the many times per week she will be in her office and available to meet with students. Overall, her classes are highly organized and students know what to expect in terms of course content and deadlines. She was proud to mention that her course evaluations frequently state praise from students of how they felt safe to ask her whatever question, not matter how silly or stupid it seemed. Lastly, she values staying positive and enthusiastic, even when the course material is not the most interesting or going the way her lesson plan intended. V. Discussion of what you’ve learned from the participant When discussing her teaching philosophy, Professor X shared that one of her goals in teaching math is to make her students feel more comfortable and confident in applying their mathematical skills. This is essential in the non-math major mathematics course, as many students who enter the core math course are self-labeled as “not math people” or “mathphobic”. She also hopes that students will take something out of the course that they will utilize later on. She sees mathematics as a method of teaching problem solving skills that can be applied to all sorts of situations. Professor X also tailors her courses to the students in the course. Professor X teaches both advanced mathematics course and the one non-math major math course required for students to graduate. Depending on the class, she may have a group of STEM majors that fear discussions as much as she does or a group of chatty Communications and Business majors who love to discuss but shy away from the mathematical concepts required to pass the course. To create community in her classroom, Professor X plans a hands-on, interactive activity for the first day of class. She says this is important because it sets the precedent that the class will be working together for the quarter and so everyone knows at least a few familiar faces. When discussing engaging with difference in her classroom, like making connections with self-labeled “non-math people”, Professor X, stated, “Maybe you’ve been thinking about all of these things from your perspective, but maybe it’s not so different [from their own] … Maybe your way of thinking, which might have seemed to be different originally, [isn’t] that different.” We often focus on our differences, how we categorize and distinguish ourselves from those around us. Professor X invites us to seek what connects us to each other, instead, because maybe we are not actually as different as we seem. VI. Takeaway – In order to reach all students and make them feel comfortable with the subject matter, it’s necessary to connect with the students and be genuinely interested in them and be willing to change things in the classroom to help them succeed.
Guidelines for Written Work All written work is expected to following the following guidelines: 1. Work should be uploaded into Canvas. 2. Type should be double spaced, legible 12 pt SAN SERIF font with 1" margins. San serif fonts include Calibri, Arial, Tahoma, Verdana – smooth letters with no extra “tags.” San serif fonts are easier to read. Serif fonts have “tags” on the letters. Examples include Times New Roman. 3. Where academic resources are used or required, the Paper must include a Works Cited (MLA) or References (APA) page. Consult a formatting and style guide and be consistent. 4. Number each page. 5. Follow this format for first page (regardless of using MLA or APA): Your name Instructor Name Course Date Title of Paper (centered) Begin text 7. Use in-text citations when you reference the work of others. Examples of MLA in-text citation: Greider states that spirituality is more expansive than institutional religion (273). Interestingly, “humor is healing because it puts very difficult things in perspective” (Greider 275). Examples of APA in-text citation: Greider (2012) states that spirituality is more expansive than institutional religion (273). Interestingly, “humor is healing because it puts very difficult things in perspective” (Greider, 2007, p. 275). Consult the Purdue OWL website for more information about MLA (Links to an external site.) formatting and APA (Links to an external site.) formatting Criteria for Evaluation Your paper will be evaluated based upon the extent to which it: • • • • • Demonstrates an in depth understanding and application of resources and course concepts Uses clear examples and textual evidence which are cited appropriately (if used or required) Meets all of the required components of the assignment Demonstrates writing which is clear, concise and well organized Uses correct grammar, spelling and sentence structure
Tips for Ethnography interviews: You will be interviewing someone about an adversity or challenge and their spirituality which supported them in meeting that adversity or challenge. Many times, that adversity or challenge will involve loss, a de-centering or de-stabilizing event, managing risk, and sometimes tragedy. It will always involve adapting to a new perspective, framework, or situation. Here are some of the challenges that people have written about: - drug or alcohol addiction and recovery - recovery from an eating disorder or illness - losing friends or family due to tragic accidents, illness, living longer than others, going into foster care, or coming out about one’s gender, sexual, or religious/non-religious identity that is different from friends and family - being an immigrant to the US, documented and undocumented - crossing dangerous borders and leaving behind family to escape war or extremely oppressive situations - interracial or interfaith marriage - being a minority (racial, gender, religious, disability, etc.) - being a non-conformist in some way Many people won’t know what you’re asking for if you ask them, “What is your spirituality and how did it support you?” Here are some ways to ask people about their spirituality: What people or communities helped you get through this? Did you have any passions or strong motivation that helped you get through this? What gave you hope? Are you a part of a religious community or other community that does things on a regular basis together? This question goes towards practices and rituals. It could be a hiking club or sports team with a strong sense of interconnectedness. Are there any ideas, books, songs, or poems that gave you hope or faith or support? Whatever the answer is, dig a little deeper – “How do you think it helped? What about it seemed to uplift you? Did anything surprise you?” Another approach is for you to say, “I see my spirituality as 1), 2), 3) and it helps me get through all the uncertainty of being at university. How do you see your spirituality and how it helps you?” There’s also the Ignatian approach: “Where did you find God or Love or Peace or Hope in this situation? What helped you detach from the negative or find some freedom or create space for yourself?” What did think about or do or imagine to keep going? You can also draw on other readings – such as Nadeau, Mitchem, Stewart, Howard, and the handout on healing.

Tutor Answer

Daphne234
School: Rice University

Whats up buddy?😀I completed the assignment and I used APA style for formatting and referencing.😎Everything should be clear but if you have any questions..hit me up and I will explain..😇Otherwise if the work is satisfactory, go ahead to complete and review the question below..👇

Alcohol Addiction and Recovery
1. Topic: Spirituality of a participant who has overcome a challenge.
2. Ethnographic study design
3. In-depth Description of Challenge or Adversity in relation to the Participant
4. Description of Spirituality and how it addresses the adversity
5. Discussion of what you’ve learned from the participant
6. Takeaway


Running head: ALCOHOL ADDICTION AND RECOVERY

Alcohol Addiction and Recovery
Name:
Instructors Name:
Course:
Date:

1

ALCOHOL ADDICTION AND RECOVERY
Alcohol Addiction and Recovery
The information described below was retrieved from classmate X. He was interviewed on 7th
February 2019 at a coffee shop in town. The interview was conducted by presenting the
classmate with the ethnography worksheet, which was instrumental in the collection of data.
1. Topic: Spirituality of a participant who has overcome a challenge.
Challenge/Adversity: Managing alcohol addiction and withdrawal symptoms.
Resource...

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