Industrial Engineering Can Manufacturing Company Literature Critique

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Question Description

Search for a refereed peer-reviewed journal article (i.e., not older than 8-10 years old from today) related to some area of Industrial Engineering from good scholar and write one page Literature Critique.

Instructions and example of the complete work are attached below.

Please read the instructions carefully before you start writing the paper

Industrial Engineering Can Manufacturing Company Literature Critique
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Industrial Engineering Can Manufacturing Company Literature Critique
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Industrial Engineering Can Manufacturing Company Literature Critique
68b95ffa_59a2_4189_b1f1_a17cbe5508af.jpeg

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Tutor Answer

Proff_White
School: University of Maryland

Attached.

Running head: LITERATURE CRITIQUE

1

Literature Critique
Student’s name:
Institution affiliation:

LITERATURE CRITIQUE

2

Abstract
This article provides an overview of application of different variables to maximize on
output, minimize on production cost and operate within a fixed schedule. Industrial production
entails different combinations of production factors to influence the output and cost incurred in
producing goods. Constrains in production factors in the manufacturing industries has resulted in
application of linear programing (LP) to maximize on the out-put while minimizing resources to
be used. The concept of proportionality of resources incurred and the quantity produced is
attained by application of constant coefficients while with variation on effort applied to produce
goods. Industrial engineering has solved production critiques by applying LP to guide the
production activities.
Introduction
A manufacturing company is tasked to can two types of new energy drink to be
consumed during Valentine’s Day. The drinks are labeled A and B respectively and they are sold
at $10 and $20 respectively based on the content and ingredients applied in the manufacturing
process. However, the canning and labeling process of drink A and B varies, which then
determines the quantity produced to meet the market demand. Since there are only 20 hours left
for canning and 15 hours allocated for labelling before the holiday, a problem has arose on which
drink to be produced that will maximize on profit at least cost.
Methodology
According to the production activities, canning a gross of drink A takes 2 hours while
labelling the same drink takes 1 hour. On the other hand, canning a bottle of drink B takes 3
hours while labeling takes 4 hours. Additionally, selling a gross of drink A makes profit of $10
while selling a gross of B makes a profit of $20. Since the production exercise is focused on
maximizing profit, the production exercise is committed to minimize on the cost of production
within the production hours of the gross thus focus on producing drink type A.
Results
From the available mix, the production of drink A within the assigned time towards
Valentine’s Day will result in ten labelled gross with extra 5 hours left. On the other hand,
production of drink B will result in 3 gross that are labelled. Since the company is committed to
minimize resources and obtain maximum market revenues, the production exercise will focus in
the canning and labelling of drink A. consequently, this will lower the cost incurred in the
manufacturing process and address critique issues that will arise. According to Hariga,
Shamayleh, & Wehedi, (2019) application of linear programing will enable best method for
determining the type of drink to be produced within the minimal cost using least resources.
Conclusions.
From the literature review on industrial production critique, I am impressed that Hariga,
Shamayleh & Wehedi focuses on time and cost as key production issues. Combination of
canning and labeling exercise presents variables of market revenue and constant production
limits. Attaining the maximum output that will meet the market demand is attained by evaluation
of the most efficient type of drink to be produced and desired market outcomes. Application of
LP offers an ideal option for low cost and increased output. Since activities involved in
producing a gross of type A drink a less compared to activities that producing a gross of type B,
the overall production cost is thus adjusted. Consequently, production problems incurred by
manufacturing companies is dressed through application of linear programing.

LITERATURE CRITIQUE

3

References
Hariga, M., Shamayleh, A., & El‐Wehedi, F. (2019). Integrated time–cost tradeoff and resources
leveling problems with allowed activity splitting. International Transactions in
Operational Research, 26(1), 80-99.

Attached.

Running head: LITERATURE CRITIQUE

1

Literature Critique
Student’s name:
Institution affiliation:

LITERATURE CRITIQUE

2

Abstract
This article provides an overview of application of different variables to maximize on
output, minimize on production cost and operate within a fixed schedule. Industrial production
entails different combinations of production factors to influence the output and cost incurred in
producing goods. Constrains in production factors in the manufacturing industries has resulted in
application of linear programing (LP) to maximize on the out-put while minimizing resources to
be used. The concept of proportionality of resources incurred and the quantity produced is
attained by application of constant coefficients while with variation on effort applied to produce
goods. Industrial engineering has solved production critiques by applying LP to guide the
production activities.
Introduction
A manufacturing company is tasked to can two types of new energy drink to be
consumed during Valentine’s Day. The drinks are labeled A and B respectively and they are sold
at $10 and $20 respectively based on the content and ingredients applied in the manufacturing
process. However, the canning and labeling process of drink A and B varies, which then
determines the quantity produced to meet the market demand. Since there are only 20 hours left
for canning and 15 hours allocated for labelling before the holiday, a problem has arose on which
drink to be produced that will maximize on profit at least cost.
Methodology
According to the production activities, canning a gross of drink A takes 2 hours while
labelling the same drink takes 1 hour. On the other hand, canning a bottle of drink B takes 3
hours while labeling takes 4 hours. Additionally, selling a gross of drink A makes profit of $10
while selling a gross of B makes a profit of $20. Since the production exercise is focused on
maximizing profit, the production exercise is committed to minimize on the cost of production
within the production hours of the gross thus focus on producing drink type A.
Results
From the available mix, the production of drink A within the assigned time towards
Valentine’s Day will result in ten labelled gross with extra 5 hours left. On the other hand,
production of drink B will result in 3 gross that are labelled. Since the company is committed to
minimize resources and obtain maximum market revenues, the production exercise will focus in
the canning and labelling of drink A. consequently, this will lower the cost incurred in the
manufacturing process and address critique issues that will arise. According to Hariga,
Shamayleh, & Wehedi, (2019) application of linear programing will enable best method for
determining the type of drink to be produced within the minimal cost using least resources.
Conclusions.
From the literature review on industrial production critique, I am impressed that Hariga,
Shamayleh & Wehedi focuses on time and cost as key production issues. Combination of
canning and labeling exercise presents variables of market revenue and constant production
limits. Attaining the maximum output that will meet the market demand is attained by evaluation
of the most efficient type of drink to be produced and desired market outcomes. Application of
LP offers an ideal option for low cost and increased output. Since activities involved in
producing a gross of type A drink a less compared to activities that producing a gross of type B,
the overall production cost is thus adjusted. Consequently, production problems incurred by
manufacturing companies is dressed through application of linear programing.

LITERATURE CRITIQUE

3

References
Hariga, M., Shamayleh, A., & El‐Wehedi, F. (2019). Integrated time–cost tradeoff and resources
leveling problems with allowed activity splitting. International Transactions in
Operational Research, 26(1), 80-99. Retrieved from
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/itor.12329.

Attached.

Intl. Trans. in Op. Res. 26 (2019) 80–99
DOI: 10.1111/itor.12329

INTERNATIONAL
TRANSACTIONS
IN OPERATIONAL
RESEARCH

Integrated time–cost tradeoff and resources leveling problems
with allowed activity splitting
Moncer Hariga, Abdulrahim Shamayleh and Fekrat El-Wehedi
Industrial Engineering, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
E-mail: mhariga@aus.edu [Hariga]; ashamayleh@aus.edu [Shamayleh]; felwehedi@aus.edu [El-Wehedi]
Received 12 September 2015; received in revised form 10 April 2016; accepted 21 June 2016

Abstract
Resource leveling and time–cost tradeoff are among the most challenging optimization problems in project
management. These two problems are usually addressed separately because each problem optimizes different
objective functions. In this paper, we develop an integrated model that addresses both problems when activities
are allowed to split for better utilization of resources. The formulated mixed integer linear program (MILP)
model considers the tradeoff between the crashing-dependent costs; direct and indirect costs, and resource
utilization related costs; acquiring, releasing, and splitting costs. The model can be used as a decision tool
to determine whether crashing is recommended when decision makers are also concerned with the better
utilization of project’s resources. A one-way sensitivity analysis was conducted to assess total cost savings
achieved through the integration of time–cost tradeoff and resource leveling problems. Another experimental
study was undertaken to evaluate the performance of the MILP runtime.
Keywords: project scheduling; resource leveling; time–cost tradeoff; activity splitting; optimization

1. Introduction
Application of project management practices is growing in all types of industries. Currently, project
management concepts and techniques are mostly applied to help organizations to complete their
projects on time, within budget, and to meet customers’ specifications. Project planning process
involves identifying project activities, such as estimates of their durations and costs, precedence
relationships between activities, cost for each of the required resources, total project cost, and
project completion time before the project is executed. Project resources are broadly classified
into consumable and renewable resources. Consumable resources are used up, whereas renewable
resources have limited availability. One of the major concerns of project managers is the completion
of the project at the earliest possible date with least cost while ensuring high and even utilization of
the project’s renewable resources.
Limiting the amount of resources and constraining the project completion time are the two common types of constraints in project management. Resource-constrained projects must be finished

C 2016 The Authors.
C 2016 International Federation of Operational Research Societies
International Transactions in Operational Research 
Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK and 350 Main St, Malden, MA02148,
USA.

M. Hariga et al. / Intl. Trans. in Op. Res. 26 (2019) 80–99

81

as soon as possible, but without exceeding the available amount resources (Gagnon et al., 2012).
Usually, for this type of projects, the completion time determined by the critical path method (CPM)
is surpassed because of the limitation on the cost of resources. Time-limited projects must finish
by a certain time with minimum time variation in resource utilization over the project lifespan
(Menesi and Hegazi, 2015). In the scheduling of time-constrained projects, agreed upon deadline
in the project contract or the completion time set by CPM is to be honored in order to avoid delay
penalties. The decision therefore is to optimally allocate available resources to project’s activities
by minimizing the fluctuation of their utilization over time. Larson and Gray (2014) pointed that
projects with irregular resource requirements over time are difficult to manage and their resource
utilization may be very poor. Moreover, the adjustment of the amount of resources, in response
to the time-varying requirement, results in additional acquiring and releasing costs. According to
Karaa and Nasr (1986), varying the utilization of a specific resource requires significant costs due
to extra charges such as hiring, firing, overtime, and idle resources.
Resource leveling is a well-known technique adopted in time-limited projects for effective utilization and allocation of resources. The goal is to balance demand for resources with the available
supply while minimizing the fluctuations in resource utilization. Among the approaches used for
resource leveling, activity splitting allows activities to be interrupted for some periods of time to level
the utilization of resources, therefore allowing them to be run at different intervals using noncritical
activities’ idle times. Son and Mattila (2004) explained that identifying which activ...

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Anonymous
awesome work thanks

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