Complete 5 page Health Paper

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Question Description

IT MUST PICK UP FROM Y PREVIOUS PAPER!!! I have attached it....DO NOT PLAGIARIZE! THE LAST TUTOR PLAGIARIZED THIS PAPER AND THIS IS MY LAST CHANCE TO GRT IT RIGHT!


ASSESSMENT 4:

For this section you will need to select one or more hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) from the list of Hospital-Acquired Conditions created by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). From your readings and independent research you will compose a background explanation of the HAC and how it is manifesting as an issue in a health care setting of your choice. You will also be creating an evidence-based rationale for why it is important to further study this particular HAC.

This first section should be one to two pages, with support from the literature for the background of the issue, the importance of the problem within the context of your chosen health care setting, and support for your purpose in pursuing your research project.

Part 2: Problem Statement

Relevant Scoring Guide Criteria:

Develop a problem statement based on relevant literature.

Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.

For this part you will create a problem statement that developed out of your review of the literature related to the HAC(s). This problem statement will help to inform the research questions; you will develop these further in Assessments 2 and 3 and include them in your work for Assessment 4.

A well-written problem statement should be one or two sentences.

Problem Statement Checklist:

Identify the problem that led to the research.

Is it easy to determine?

Were there identifying words that justify the problem?

Was the rationale or justification of the problem clearly stated?

Do the words in the problem statement indicate the kind of study performed? What words in particular?

Was the evidence for the problem provided in the literature?

Part 3: Purpose Statement

Relevant Scoring Guide Criteria:

Formulate a purpose statement supported by a review of the literature.

Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.

For this part, you will develop your purpose statement, which will clearly lay out what you would hope to accomplish as you work towards addressing the problem you have identified. Purpose statements should be grounded in the evidence and indicate the kind of study that will be performed. This purpose will help to inform the research questions you will develop in Assessments 2 and 3 and include in your work for Assessment 4.

A well-written purpose statement should be one or two sentences in length.

Purpose Statement Checklist:

Identify the purpose that led to the research study.

What does the study hope to accomplish? What are the desired outcomes?

Was the rationale or justification of the purpose clearly stated?

Do the words in the purpose statement indicate the kind of study performed? What words in particular?

Was the item cited as evidence for the purpose published within the last five years?

Additional Submission Requirements

Structure: Include a title page, table of contents, and reference page.

Length: There is no length requirement for this assessment. Most submissions that fully address all scoring guide criteria will be 2 to 3 pages in length.

References: Cite at least five current scholarly or professional resources.

Format: Use APA style for references and citations.

You may wish to refer to the following APA resources to help with your structure, formatting, and style:

APA Style and Format.

APA Paper Tutorial.

APA Paper Template.

Font: Times New Roman font, 12 point, double-spaced for narrative portions only.

For this assessment you will develop a thorough 5- to 9-page research plan based upon your work on previous assessments. The plan will be based on either qualitative or quantitative methodologies, but not both. In addition to refining your previous work, you will also discuss the concepts of reliability and validity as they pertain to data collection.

Introduction

Note: The assessments in this course build upon each other. Therefore, you are strongly encouraged to complete them in the order in which they are presented.

When conducting research, it is possible to move in multiple directions rather than toward a specific focal point. These multiple directions create components of the research that do not align with one another. It is particularly a problem for novice researchers. For this final assessment, it will be critical to ensure that all parts of your submission: problem statement, purpose statement, research questions, and data collection or sampling are aligned. This review will help lead to a focused research plan, that is more likely to be successful at addressing the research question.

One important considerations is the validity and reliability of data and collection tools for a research plan. For reasons of expediency, researchers find a sample of a specific population, as it is not possible to research an entire population. In quantitative studies, statistical formulas are used to determine the number required from the sample to ensure validity of the study results. In qualitative studies, the simple rule of 12–20 participants is accepted based on the total population. They must meet the criteria outlined as specific for the study. The sample comprises individuals who can represent the total population. From the data gathered, the researcher can determine causation, correlation, or inference.

Remember, reliable data are data findings than can be repeated. In other words, the results are from the data collection are consistent across different samples and time periods. Valid data are data findings that accurate and relevant.

Demonstration of Proficiency

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

Competency 1: Explain the different types of health care research methodologies.

Explain a chosen data collection method in the context of a research plan.

Describe a contextually valid data collection method.

Competency 2: Develop a research question based on a hospital-acquired condition.

Explain a given research problem in the context of a research plan.

Explain a given purpose statement in the context of a research plan.

Explain a given research question in the context of a research plan.

Competency 3: Plan a research project.

Explain contextual measurement reliability and validity.

Align the separate parts of a research plan into a unified whole.

Competency 4:Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with the expectations of health care professionals.

Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.

Instructions

The purpose of a research plan is to provide a brief overview of the key components of a planned research study. It helps to build quality into the research process. During this course, you have, step by step, developed an abbreviated research plan contributing to a process improvement focused on decreasing the incidence of a hospital-acquired condition (HAC) of your choice. As you have progressed the course, you may have improved your ideas and revised your writing based on new information and the expertise you have gained.

To complete this final assessment, combine relevant work from your previous assessments into one seamless research plan. Be sure to incorporate any useful feedback suggested by your instructor, and be sure to properly cite all resources used to support your plan.

For this assessment it is suggested that you build upon the work that you did in the Research Problem and Purpose Statements assessment, as well as the research question and methods assessment that fits the method you chose.

This assessment has four distinct parts:

Part 1: Problem Statement

Relevant Scoring Guide Criteria:

Explain a given problem statement in the context of a research plan.

Align the separate parts of a research plan into a unified whole.

Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.

For this section, present your revised and finalized problem statement based on your work in the Research Problem and Purpose Statements assessment.

Additionally, you will explain how the purpose statement is grounded within the context and evidence of your chosen hospital-acquired condition (HAC) and the health care setting that is being used as the basis for your research plan. Additionally, you should point out the ways in which the problem statement will help to establish the alignment of other parts of the research plan.

This section should be about one page in length.

Remember, the checklist below when finalizing your problem statement.

Problem Statement Checklist

Identify the problem that led to the research.

Is it easy to determine?

Were there identifying words provided that justify the problem?

Was the rationale or justification of the problem clearly stated?

Do the words in the problem statement indicate the kind of study performed? Which words in particular?

Was the evidence for the problem provided in the literature?

Part 2: Purpose Statement

Relevant Scoring Guide Criteria:

Explain a given purpose statement in the context of a research plan.

Align the separate parts of a research plan into a unified whole.

Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.

For this section, present your revised and finalized purpose statement based on your work in the Research Problem and Purpose Statements assessment.

Additionally, you will explain how the purpose statement is grounded within the context and evidence of your chosen hospital-acquired condition (HAC) and the health care setting that is being used as the basis for your research plan. Additionally, you should point out the ways in which the purpose statement is aligned with you problem statement, as well as how it will help inform an aligned methodological choice for other parts of the research plan.

This section should be one to two pages in length.

Remember to use the checklist below when finalizing your purpose statement.

Purpose Statement Checklist:

Identify the purpose that led to the research study.

What does the study hope to accomplish? What are the desired outcomes?

Was the rationale or justification of the purpose clearly stated?

Do the words in the purpose statement indicate the kind of study performed? What words in particular?

Was the item cited as evidence for the purpose published within the last five years?

Part 3: Research Question

Relevant Scoring Guide Criteria:

Explain a given research question in the context of a research plan.

Align the separate parts of a research plan into a unified whole.

Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.

For this section, present your revised and finalized research question. This research question should be based on your work in either the Qualitative Research Questions and Methods or the Quantitative Research Questions and Methods assessment.

Additionally, you will explain how the research question is grounded within the context and evidence of your chosen hospital-acquired condition (HAC) and the health care setting that is being used as the basis for your research plan. Additionally, you should point out the ways in which the research question is aligned to the purpose of your research plan, as well as how answering it will help to address your research problem. You should also comment on the ways in which the research question helps to provide a guide to which data collection methods can be aligned.

This section should be one to two pages in length.

Depending on your chosen methodology, the checklists below could be useful.

Qualitative Research Question Checklist:

Does the purpose statement fit logically with the problem statement? Are there similar words or does it seem to address a different topic?

Do the research questions align with the method and design of the study? For instance, are words like perception used that would automatically reject a quantitative study?

Do questions seek to describe responses to the variables described in the study?

Do the questions begin with the word why?

Do the questions focus on a single phenomenon?

Do the questions include exploratory verbs?

Is the language nondirectional?

Are the questions open ended?

Do the questions specify the participants and research site?

Quantitative Research Question Checklist

Does the purpose statement fit logically with the problem statement? Are there similar words or does it seem to address a different topic?

Based on the problem statement, do the research questions align with the method and design of the study? Do questions seek to describe responses to the variables described in the study?

Do the questions include words like compare, correlate, or other words that indicate a quantitative study?

Do the questions include identification of the independent and dependent variables?

Does the hypothesis fit with the research questions?

Do the questions and hypothesis identify the participants for the research study?

Do the questions and hypothesis specify the participants and the research site?

Part 4: Data Collection, Reliability, and Validity

Relevant Scoring Guide Criteria:

Explain a chosen data collection method in the context of a research plan.

Describe a contextually valid data collection method.

Explain contextual measurement reliability and validity.

Align the separate parts of a research plan into a unified whole.

Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with expectations for health care professionals.

For this section you will start by building upon the data collection methods, tools, and strategies from your work in either the Qualitative Research Questions and Methods or the Quantitative Research Questions and Methods assessment. Make sure you use the data collection considerations that match the methodology of your research question.

In this section you will describe the ways in which your data collection methods will be valid within the context of your chosen HAC and health care setting, as well as your choice of methodology. Additionally, you will explain how the measurements that your chosen collection methods will produce are reliable and valid. lastly, you will comment on how the data collection methods are aligned in such a way that they will produce information that will help to answer the research question and create an opportunity to address the research purpose and problem.

Additional Submission Requirements

Structure: Include a title page, table of contents, and reference page.

Length: There is not length requirement for this assessment. Most submissions that fully address all scoring guide criteria will be 5 to 9 pages in length.

References: Cite at least five current scholarly or professional resources.

Format: Use APA style for references and citations.

You may wish to refer to the following APA resources to help with your structure, formatting, and style:

APA Style and Format.

APA Paper Tutorial.

APA Paper Template.

Font: Times New Roman font, 12 point, double-spaced for narrative portions only.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

1 Running head: RETAINED SURGICAL BODIES Retained surgical bodies Shannon Brown Capella University January27, 2019 2 RETAINED SURGICAL BODIES INTRODUCTION Retained surgical items (RSI) are assigned as totally preventable never occasions. Regardless of various case reports, clinical arrangement, and master suppositions few examinations give quantitative knowledge into RSI hazard factors and their relative commitments to the general RSI chance profile. Existing case-control examines do not have the capacity to dependably distinguish clinically critical contrasts inside the extensive rundown of proposed dangers. This meta-investigation analyzes the best accessible information for RSI hazard factors, trying to give a clinically pertinent hazard stratification framework (Rappaport & Haynes, 2015). In spite of expanding regard for patient wellbeing in the operation room (OR), unintentionally held wipes and instruments remain a genuine preventable confusion in medical procedure. The National Quality Forum incorporates held hardware among its rundown of reportable "never-occasions" that are relied upon never to jump out at patients in U.S. emergency clinics. The Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations thinks of them as sentinel occasions requiring prompt examination and reaction. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services as of late declared its choice to deny repayment to emergency clinics for the expenses related with articles left in patients amid medical procedure (Lincourt, et al, 2013). Sadly, techniques to forestall held hardware have depended exclusively on the perseverance of the careful group to follow the heap of wipe items and other careful gear acquainted with the agent field. Standard conventions require two individuals from the careful group to simultaneously consider each thing it is brought into the sterile field, and again toward the finish of the task, and to perform radiographs on the off chance that they can't represent all things. Specialists are additionally urged to play out an intensive injury investigation before RETAINED SURGICAL BODIES 3 finish of the strategy, paying little mind to the result of tallies. In spite of the fact that these conventions are work concentrated—they possess as much as 14% of the agent time—inability to pursue the rules is seldom the issue. Rather, the frail connection in the check procedure has been the trickery of an erroneously right tally—72% to 88% of instances of held careful hardware happen in tasks with right tallies. In these cases, a manual checking blunder enables the group to trust the sum total of what things have been distinguished when in truth something has been lost in the patient. Such mistakes are particularly normal in high-chance circumstances, for example, fat patients, crises and activities with a surprising change in procedure.7– Some organizations have received a routine with regards to standard, prompt postoperative high-goals radiographic screening for all tasks including a body pit, however this technique is incredibly expensive and it could even now miss a few articles, particularly wipes and needles. Specific use for high-chance tasks has been recommended as an option, and high-goals pictures do enhance discovery, contrasted and compact intraoperative movies. However, there have been no investigations to assess the potential included esteem and cost of such a methodology. Predominant techniques to take out this issue have been undermined by their inborn defenselessness to human mistake, inciting calls for innovative subordinates to tallying. As of late, careful wipes have been an essential focus for advancement among both careful wellbeing scientists and therapeutic gadget producers, since they speak to most of held items. There are as of now three innovations endorsed by the U.S. Sustenance and Drug Administration—bar-coded (BCS) wipes, radiofrequency (RF) labeled wipes. Verification of-rule considers have been distributed exhibiting recognition of RF/RFID-labeled wipes in careful entry points, however controlled clinical preliminary information exist just for the BCS innovation. A focal trouble in RETAINED SURGICAL BODIES 4 this field is that clinical preliminaries would require randomization of well more than 100,000 patients to dependably identify a critical decrease in real held careful wipe (RSS) occasions. As an elective methodology, choice diagnostic reenactment offers a reasonable chance to look at proposed techniques, gauge their relative cost-adequacy, and encourage the mix of new research discoveries. In this investigation, along these lines, we demonstrated the key determinants of the danger of RSS, and connected all accessible distributed information, just as gathered understanding from establishments utilizing these advancements, to the estimation of model parameters (Stawicki et al, 2016). The outcome is a generalizable construction by which investigations of relative cost-adequacy of systems to forestall RSS may effectively be refreshed as new information or advances end up accessible. Conclusion Among the regular hazard factors revealed by every one of the three case-control considers, seven synergistically show hoisted RSI chance over the pooled information. In light of these outcomes, we propose a hazard stratification plan and issue an invitation to battle for huge, imminent, and multicenter thinks about assessing impacts of explicit changes at the institutional dimension (i.e., all inclusive careful checks, radiographic confirmation of the nonappearance of RSI, and radiofrequency naming of careful instruments and wipes) on the danger of RSI (Kaiser, et al, 2014). By and large, our discoveries give a significant establishment to future patient security activities and clinical investigations of RSI event and counteractive action. 5 RETAINED SURGICAL BODIES References Kaiser, C. W., Friedman, S., Spurling, K. P., Slowick, T., & Kaiser, H. A. (2014 The retained surgical sponge. Annals of Surgery, 224(1), 79. Lincourt, A. E., Harrell, A., Cristiano, J., Sechrist, C., Kercher, K., & Heniford, B. T. (2013). Retained foreign bodies after surgery. Journal of Surgical Research, 138(2), 170-174. Rappaport, W., & Haynes, K. (2015). The retained surgical sponge following intra-abdominal surgery: a continuing problem. Archives of Surgery, 125(3), 405-407. Stawicki, S. P., Evans, D. C., Cipolla, J., Seamon, M. J., Lukaszczyk, J. J., Prosciak, M. P., ... & Steinberg, S. M. (2016). Retained surgical foreign bodies: a comprehensive review of risks and preventive strategies. Scandinavian Journal of Surgery, 98(1), 8-17. ...
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LeoProfessor
School: University of Maryland

Attached.

Running head: HOSPITAL ACQUIRED CONDITION

Hospital Acquired Condition
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Date

1

HOSPITAL ACQUIRED CONDITION

1
Introduction

Hospital-acquired condition (HAC) refers to undesirable conditions on a patient that
emerge during their stay within the health facilities. The state may either be temporary or
permanent depending on the level of severity. The term HAC designated by Medicare out of the
increased cases of disease conduction to patients during the treatment procedures. Some of the
common HACs that affect patient result either from the external environment or instruments
used during treatment procedures. Medical devices that cause hospital-acquired conditions are
termed as retained surgical bodies. According to medical research, maintained surgical bodies
are rare but produce severe conditions. In this paper, one of the common HAC is catheter-related
urinary tract Infection due to the introduction of foreign instruments into the body. The insertion
of catheters into the body to facilitate excretion of urine from the bladder to the outside
environment has medically proven to cause HAC.
Catheter-related urinary tract infection occurs when the inserted instruments inoculate
organisms inside the bladder. The deposited organisms colonize the bladder causing a surface for
bacterial adhesion and irritation. The symptomatic literature of the condition is mucosal irritation
especially when the maintenance of the catheter is low, and the patients spend time within the
medical facilities. The duration of catheterization affects the number of bacterial deposition into
the bladder. The disposal factors to the urinary infections due to catheterization vary from the
specialist to the type of catheter used. The types of catheters used in the treatment of patients
differ based on the material, age of the patient and the physical culture.
Problem Statement
According to the Department of Health (DH 2003), Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract
Infections (CAUTI) is a common condition associated with HACs that the medical sector must

HOSPITAL ACQUIRED CONDITION

1

focus to address. The primary cause of CAUTI among patien...

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Anonymous
Thanks, good work

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