CJ 500 9-2 Final Project: Submit Final Issue Analysis and Recommendation Brief

timer Asked: Feb 8th, 2019
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Question Description

Submit your completed final project.

To complete this assignment, review the Final Project Guidelines and Rubric document.

You will also need to refer to previous milestones and peer reviews to complete this task.

You will select a contemporary issue that is negatively impacting the delivery of criminal justice services to be the focus of your brief, and then research the history of the issue, select a solution, and propose strategies for implementing the solution. Although you may choose your own topic, you may not choose public policy.

Topic chooses is on Prison Overcrowding

Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:

I. Introduction

A. Describe the criminal justice issue you have selected. Specifically, how is this an issue in the field of criminal justice, what is the general impact of the issue on society, and why does the problem need to be addressed?

B. Describe the evolution of the selected issue throughout history, providing specific examples. In other words, how did this become an issue? What factors have caused the issue to evolve? For example, a regulation may have been created in the past to address an issue, but the regulation is now irrelevant.

C. Describe the evolution of the historical perception of this issue, identifying key events and factors that influenced the public perception. For example, did the public always view the topic as an issue? How has technology impacted public perception?

II. Issue Analysis

A. Select a criminological theory that informs your understanding of the issue, justifying your selection.

B. Identify factors contributing to the issue, justifying your identifications with the selected criminological theory. In other words, what are the factors contributing to the issue? How is the identification of these factors supported by the selected theory?

C. Describe how the issue impacts the criminal justice system, providing specific examples of how the branches of the criminal justice system are affected by the issue. For example, how does the issue impact law enforcement, the courts, and corrections?

D. Describe how the issue impacts the general public, providing specific examples. Does the issue affect specific populations?

E. Determine the key stakeholders of the issue, identifying both the key people impacted by the issue and those with the power to influence change. Justify your selections.

F. Describe strategies that are currently employed to address the issue. These strategies may be used in the community with the issue, or in a different community with the same issue.

G. Assess the effectiveness of the previously identified strategies in addressing the issue, justifying your assessment. How effectively do the strategies combat the issue, and where are there gaps?

H. How does your previous assessment impact the specific branches of the criminal justice system? Justify your response. In which branches are the strategies most and least effective?

III. Recommendations

A. Propose a solution to address the issue in criminal justice, justifying your proposal with your previous research. In your justification, you may consider the complexity of the solution, the possible adverse effects, and the feasibility of the solution in terms of time and resources.

B. Apply criminological theory to justify how your proposed solution will address the underlying causes of the issue.

C. Outline the immediate actions that will need to be taken to implement the solution, justifying the necessity and feasibility of these actions with evidence. Consider how you will create buy-in among invested parties.

D. Outline the long-term actions that will need to be taken to implement the solution, justifying the necessity and feasibility of these actions with evidence. Consider how you will create buy-in among invested parties.

E. Determine the types of data necessary to assess whether or not your solution is successful in addressing the issue, justifying your determinations. How will you measure your success of the solution?

Guidelines for Submission: Your submission must include reference to recent peer-reviewed articles, be 5–7 pages in length (in addition to the title page and references) and must adhere to standard formatting (Times New Roman, 12 point font, one-inch margins), using the most recent version of the APA style manual for the citations.

Feedback for 5-2 Milestone Two: Submit Criminal Justice Issue Analysis

Strategies: In this section, there is no evidence regarding strategies.
Effectiveness: In this section, there is no concrete evidence regarding effectiveness
Articulation of Response: I appreciate the passion that you have for this topic. I also appreciate that you used subheadings to organize your paper. I do think that you should consider toning down your writing so that it can be understandable. There are several sections that do provide a lot clear evidence of what you are trying to convey. I would strongly encourage you to consider reaching out to the writing center for some assistance.

Tutor Answer

School: UT Austin



Prison Overcrowding
Student’s name:


Prison overcrowding is one of the contentious issues that continue to affect the operations
of the current criminal justice system. This is because it exerts extreme pressure on correctional
facilities which are a major element in the delivery of criminal justice. The primary causative
factors to this issue include declines in correctional spending and an increasing inmate population
that many times surpasses the capacity of the correctional facilities.
The impact of prison overcrowding on society can be viewed in two dimensions. First, it
is the leading cause of ill health among inmates including high rates of assault. This is important
since despite being prisoners, they are still members of the society (Drago, Galbiati & Vertova,
2011). Secondly, inmates in overcrowded facilities have often displayed post-release recidivism.
Thus, prison overcrowding is an issue that adversely affects society significantly both inside and
outside the prisons.
The issue is also a concern for the criminal justice system because their agenda is to reduce
crime in society through correctional facilities (Campbell et al, 2015). Hence, when prisons are
crowded increasing chances of recidivism when the offenders are released, the issue becomes a
setback that must be addressed.
Evolution of the Issue
Before the 1950s, prisons used to be houses of torture and their conditions were grim.
However, overcrowding was not an issue as inmates could be caged or placed in individual cells.
After that, there were a series of public outcry and riots begging for the improvement of both
offenders and prison conditions (Garcia-Guerrero & Marco, 2012). Coincidentally, after this move


there was an unprecedented crime wave, and the resources of the criminal justice system were not
sufficient to handle the massive crime rates.
As a result, nations opted for mass incarcerations as a way of dealing with the offenders
including situations where the rehabilitation option failed to work. The technique continued over
the next decades and Americans were put behind bars regardless of the nature of the crime (Drago,
Galbiati & Vertova, 2011). The main contributing factors to the overcrowding issue that started
during this time were the introduction of the three strikes laws and the creation ...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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