Concept of Separation of Powers & The Constitution Framework

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Describe the concept of separation of powers and explain why the founding fathers included this concept within the framework of the Constitution. Please cite Chapter 2 of the book and provide examples from the book as support in APA format. I uploaded the book below. " The main reason for power separation is the quality of human is to act aggressively in their self-interest." please include this argument in your essay and explain more and provide examples from the book.

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Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 American Government and Politics Today 2018–2019 Brief Edition Steffen W. Schmidt Iowa State University Mack C. Shelley II Iowa State University Barbara A. Bardes University of Cincinnati Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. This is an electronic version of the print textbook. Due to electronic rights restrictions, some third party content may be suppressed. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. The publisher reserves the right to remove content from this title at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. For valuable information on pricing, previous editions, changes to current editions, and alternate formats, please visit www.cengage.com/highered to search by ISBN#, author, title, or keyword for materials in your areas of interest. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the eBook version. Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. American Government and Politics Today, 2018–2019 Brief Edition Steffen W. Schmidt, Mack C. Shelley II, Barbara A. Bardes Sr. Vice President, Higher Ed Product, Content, and Market Development: Product Director: Sr. Product Manager: Project Manager: Cengage Customer & Sales Support, 1-800-354-9706 Content Development Project www.cengage.com/permissions Manager: permissionrequest@cengage.com. Product Assistant: Sr. Marketing Manager: Sr. Content Project Manager: Production Service/Compositor: Cengage Copy Editor: Proofreader: Indexer: Art Director: www.cengage.com. Text Designer: Cover Designer: Sr. Intellectual Property Analyst: Intellectual Property Project Manager: www.cengage.com www.cengagebrain.com Printed in the United States of America Print Number: 01 Print Year: 2017 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Contents in Brief PART I: THE AMERICAN SYSTEM Chapter 1 The Democratic Republic 1 Chapter 2 Forging a New Government: The Constitution 21 Chapter 3 Federalism 44 Chapter 4 Civil Liberties 66 Chapter 5 Civil Rights 92 PART II: THE POLITICS OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY Chapter 6 Public Opinion, Political Socialization, and the Media 118 Chapter 7 Interest Groups and Political Parties 146 Chapter 8 Campaigns and Elections 174 PART III: INSTITUTIONS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT Chapter 9 Congress 199 Chapter 10 The President 225 Chapter 11 The Executive Branch 250 Chapter 12 The Courts 271 PART IV: POLICYMAKING Chapter 13 Domestic and Economic Policy 296 Chapter 14 Foreign Policy 320 Appendix A The Declaration of Independence 345 Appendix B The Constitution of the United States 347 Appendix C Federalist Papers No. 10 and No. 51 367 Appendix D Government Spending and Revenue Charts 375 Glossary 377 Index 389 iii Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Contents PART I: THE AMERICAN SYSTEM Chapter 1 The Democratic Republic 1 Politics and Government 2 Why Is Government Necessary? 2 Limiting Government Power 2 Authority and Legitimacy 3 Types of Government 4 Direct Democracy as a Model 4 The Dangers of Direct Democracy 5 A Democratic Republic 5 What Kind of Democracy Do We Have? 6 Democracy for Everyone 7 Democracy for the Few 7 Democracy for Groups 8 Justin Sullivan/Getty Images Democracy and Other Forms of Government 4 Fundamental Values 8 Liberty versus Order 8 Liberty versus Equality 9 The Proper Size of Government 11 AT ISSUE: Does Entitlement Spending Corrupt Us? 13 Political Ideologies 13 Conservatism 14 Liberalism 15 The Traditional Political Spectrum 15 Problems with the Traditional Political Spectrum 16 A Four-Cornered Ideological Grid 16 MAKING A DIFFERENCE: Seeing Democracy in Action 18 iv Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. CONTENTS v Chapter 2 Forging a New Government: The Constitution 21 The Colonial Background 22 Separatists, the Mayflower, and the Compact 22 More Colonies, More Government 23 British Restrictions and Colonial Grievances 24 The First Continental Congress 25 The Second Continental Congress 25 An Independent Confederation 26 The Resolution for Independence 26 July 4, 1776—The Declaration of Independence 26 The Rise of Republicanism 28 The Articles of Confederation: Our First Form of Government 28 Nikreates/Alamy Stock Photo AT ISSUE: Is America a Christian Nation? 24 The Constitutional Convention 30 Factions among the Delegates 31 Politicking and Compromises 31 Working toward Final Agreement 33 The Final Document 35 The Difficult Road to Ratification 36 The Federalists Push for Ratification 36 The March to the Finish 37 The Bill of Rights 37 Altering the Constitution 38 The Formal Amendment Process 38 Informal Methods of Constitutional Change 39 MAKING A DIFFERENCE: U.S. Constitution? 41 Chapter 3 Federalism 44 Federalism and Its Alternatives 45 A Unitary System 45 A Confederal System 45 A Federal System 46 Why Federalism? 46 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. vi CONTENTS AT ISSUE: Should Recreational Marijuana Be Legal? 48 Arguments against Federalism 48 Powers of the National Government 49 Powers of the State Governments 50 AT ISSUE: Should We Let Uber and Lyft Pick Up Passengers? 51 Prohibited Powers 51 Concurrent Powers 52 The Supremacy Clause 52 Interstate Relations 53 ZUMA Press Inc / Alamy Stock Photo The Constitutional Basis for American Federalism 49 Defining Constitutional Powers—The Early Years 53 McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) 53 Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) 54 States’ Rights and the Resort to Civil War 55 The Continuing Dispute over the Division of Power 56 Dual Federalism 56 The New Deal and Cooperative Federalism 57 The Politics of Federalism 58 Methods of Implementing Cooperative Federalism 58 Federalism and Today’s Supreme Court 61 A Trend toward States’ Rights? 61 Recent Decisions 61 MAKING A DIFFERENCE: Writing E-mails and Letters to the Editor 63 Chapter 4 Civil Liberties 66 The Constitutional Bases of Our Liberties 67 Freedom of Religion 69 The Separation of Church and State—The Establishment Clause 69 The Free Exercise Clause 72 Freedom of Expression 73 No Prior Restraint 73 Anadolu Agency/Getty Images Protections Listed in the Original Constitution 67 Extending the Bill of Rights to State Governments 68 Incorporation under the Fourteenth Amendment 68 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. CONTENTS vii The Protection of Symbolic Speech 73 The Protection of Commercial Speech 74 Attempts to Ban Subversive or Advocacy Speech 74 The Eclipse of Obscenity as a Legal Category 75 Unprotected Speech: Slander 76 Student Speech 77 Freedom of the Press 78 The Right to Privacy 79 Privacy Rights and Abortion 79 Privacy Rights and the “Right to Die” 82 The Great Balancing Act: The Rights of the Accused versus the Rights of Society 83 AT ISSUE: Do Police Use Excessive Force against Black Men? 84 Rights of the Accused 84 Extending the Rights of the Accused 85 The Exclusionary Rule 86 Civil Liberties versus Security Issues 86 Subsequent Revelations of NSA Activity 87 MAKING A DIFFERENCE: Chapter 5 Civil Rights 92 Ending Servitude 93 The Ineffectiveness of the Early Civil Rights Laws 94 The End of the Separate-but-Equal Doctrine 96 De Jure and De Facto Segregation 96 The Civil Rights Movement 97 Modern Civil Rights Legislation 97 Civil Rights and the Courts 101 Standards for Judicial Review 101 The Supreme Court Addresses Affirmative Action 102 Experiences of Other Minority Groups 104 Latinos and the Immigration Issue 104 National Security and the Rights of Immigrants 106 Charlotte Observer/Tribune News Service/Getty Images The African American Experience and the Civil Rights Movement 93 AT ISSUE: Should We Deport Unauthorized Immigrants? 107 The Agony of the American Indian 107 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. viii CONTENTS Women’s Struggle for Equal Rights 108 Early Women’s Political Movements 108 The Modern Women’s Movement 109 Women in Politics Today 110 Gender-Based Discrimination in the Workplace 111 The Rights and Status of Gay Males and Lesbians 112 Growth in the Gay Male and Lesbian Rights Movement 112 State and Local Laws Targeting Gay Men and Lesbians 112 “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” 113 Same-Sex Marriage 113 The Rights of Transgender Individuals 114 MAKING A DIFFERENCE: Dealing with Discrimination 115 PART II: THE POLITICS OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY Chapter 6 Public Opinion, Political Socialization, and the Media 118 Consensus and Divided Opinion 119 Forming Public Opinion: Political Socialization 120 The Media and Public Opinion 121 Political Events and Public Opinion 122 The Influence of Demographic Factors 123 Educational Achievement 123 Economic Status 123 Religious Denomination 123 Religious Commitment and Beliefs 125 Race and Ethnicity 125 The Hispanic Vote 126 The Gender Gap 126 Geographic Region 127 Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images News/Getty Images Public Opinion and Political Socialization 119 Measuring Public Opinion 127 The History of Opinion Polls 127 Sampling Techniques 127 The Difficulty of Obtaining Accurate Results 128 Additional Problems with Polls 129 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. CONTENTS ix Public Opinion and the Political Process 131 Political Culture and Public Opinion 131 Policymaking and Public Opinion 131 The Media in the United States 132 The Roles of the Media 132 Television versus the New Media 135 Challenges Facing the Media 136 The Media and Political Campaigns 137 Political Advertising 138 Management of News Coverage 138 Going for the Knockout Punch—Presidential Debates 139 Political Campaigns and the Internet 140 Blogosphere Politics 140 Bias in the Media 141 MAKING A DIFFERENCE: Being a Critical Consumer of the News 143 Chapter 7 Interest Groups and Political Parties 146 A Nation of Joiners 147 Types of Interest Groups 148 Economic Interest Groups 149 Environmental Interest Groups 151 Public-Interest Groups 152 Additional Types of Interest Groups 152 Interest Group Strategies 153 Direct Techniques 153 Indirect Techniques 155 Regulating Lobbyists 155 Pacific Press/LightRocket/Getty Images Thousands of Groups 147 Interest Groups and Social Movements 148 Reasons to Join—or Not Join 148 Political Parties in the United States 157 Functions of Political Parties in the United States 157 The Party Organization 158 The Party-in-the-Electorate 159 The Party-in-Government 160 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. x CONTENTS A History of Political Parties in the United States 160 Democrats and Whigs 162 The Civil War Crisis 162 The Post–Civil War Period 162 The Progressive Interlude 163 The New Deal Era 163 An Era of Divided Government 164 The Parties Today 164 Why Has the Two-Party System Endured? 165 The Historical Foundations of the Two-Party System 166 Political Socialization and Practical Considerations 166 The Winner-Take-All Electoral System 167 State and Federal Laws Favoring the Two Parties 167 The Role of Minor Parties in U.S. Politics 168 The Rise of the Independents 170 MAKING A DIFFERENCE: Chapter 8 Campaigns and Elections 174 Who Is Eligible? 175 Who Runs? 175 Managing the Campaign 176 Financing the Campaign 178 The Evolution of the Campaign Finance System 178 The Current Campaign Finance Environment 180 AT ISSUE: Can Money Buy Elections? 182 Running for President: The Longest Campaign 183 Reforming the Presidential Primaries 184 The Invisible Primary 184 Primaries and Caucuses 185 Front-Loading the Primaries 186 On to the National Convention 187 The Electoral College 188 Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images News/Getty Images The Twenty-First-Century Campaign 175 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. CONTENTS xi How Are Elections Conducted? 189 Voting by Mail 189 Voting Fraud and Voter ID Laws 189 Turning Out to Vote 191 Legal Restrictions on Voting 192 Is the Franchise Still Too Restrictive? 193 How Do Voters Decide? 194 Party Identification 194 Other Political Factors 194 Demographic Characteristics 195 MAKING A DIFFERENCE: Registering and Voting 196 PART III: INSTITUTIONS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT Chapter 9 Congress 199 Bicameralism 200 The Lawmaking Function 201 The Representation Function 201 Service to Constituents 202 The Oversight Function 202 The Public-Education Function 203 The Conflict-Resolution Function 203 The Powers of Congress 203 House-Senate Differences and Congressional Perks 204 Size and Rules 204 Debate and Filibustering 205 Zach Gibson/Getty Images The Nature and Functions of Congress 200 AT ISSUE: Is It Time to Get Rid of the Filibuster? 206 Congresspersons and the Citizenry: A Comparison 207 Perks and Privileges 207 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. WCN 02-200-203 Copyright 2019 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. xii CONTENTS Congressional Elections and Apportionment 208 Candidates for Congressional Elections 208 Apportionment of the House 209 Gerrymandering 209 “Minority-Majority” Districts 211 How Congress Is Organized 212 The Power of Committees 213 Types of Congressional Committees 213 The Selection of Committee Members 215 Leadership in the House 215 Leadership in the Senate 217 Lawmaking and Budgeting 218 How Much Will the Government Spend? 218 Preparing the Budget 220 Congress Faces the Budget 221 Budget Resolutions and Crises 221 MAKING A DIFFE ...
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ProfJamesmiller
School: New York University

Hi there, I have just completed the assignment. It has been nice working with you.

Separation of Powers
Thesis statement: Separation of power refers to form of governance adopted by a nation. This
model of governance involves division of the government into various and separate branches
each having an independent power.
1.) Introduction.
2.) The concept of separation of powers.
3.) Explain why the founding fathers included this concept within the framework of the
Constitution.
4.) Conclusion.


Running head: SEPARATION OF POWERS

1

Separation of Powers
Institution Affiliation
Date

SEPARATION OF POWERS

2

Introduction
Separation of power refers to a form of governance adopted by a nation. This model of
governance involves division of the government into various and separate branches each having
an independent power. These branches are given responsibilities to avoid conflicts of power
between them. Most states apply the sepa...

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