Running head: AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER
Autism Spectrum Disorder
AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER
Sensory soothing behaviors are calming behaviors that help individuals on the spectrum
calm down and relax. Common sensory soothing behaviors among autistic people include
rocking, sucking their thumbs, and head banging to comfort themselves (Boucher, 2017). These
behaviors are learned due to limited social interactions, neglect, and lack of loving caregivers to
meet their needs consistently. Many of these sensory soothing behaviors are sensory seeking
behaviors. Children who are sensory seeker are hypersensitive or under sensitive to input.
Sensory seeking makes a child look clumsy, seem to have behavioral issues or be a little loud.
The presence of sensory-perceptual anomalies and repetitive behaviors have been linked with
aspects of autistic behaviors. Sensory-perceptual anomalies are conditions that occur when the
sensory signal does not get organized into appropriate responses (Boucher, 2017). On the other
hand, restrictive-repetitive behaviors in autistic people are repetitive movements with objects,
sensory sensitivities, ritualistic behavior and repeated body movements such as hand flapping.
Restrictive-repetitive behaviors are sensory soothing (relieve anxiety) in people with autism.
Research indicates that the reward system of the brain is over-activated by various types of
focuses, interests, and repetitive behaviors while the nucleus accumbens, striatum and other
regions of the brain involved in the reward circuitry are less triggered by social stimuli.
Stereotypy has an impact on behavioral repertoires in autistic children since it is considered as a
vital aberrant behavior to target in behavioral interve...