Autism ASD Discussion

timer Asked: Feb 8th, 2019
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Question Description

1) In your own words, describe and provide examples of "sensory soothing" and "sensory seeking" behaviors. How might the concepts underlying these terms help to explain the associations between sensory-perceptual anomolies and restrictive-repetitive behaviors in individuals with ASD? What implications might this information have for the treatment of repetitive sensory-motor stereotypies (RSMs)?

2) "Impaired integration" is cited several times in Chapter 9 as a likely contributory cause of behaviors typical in ASD. Identify and provide your thoughts on at least two of these possible causal links. How might impaired integration at the neuropsychological level result from brain abnormalities associated with ASD?

3) Facial expression of emotion is a central component of nonverbal communication. Describe what is known about the ability of people with ASD (a) to interpret others' facial expressions of emotion and (b) to use appropriate facial expressions themselves.

4) Watch and listen (e.g., YouTube, TV show, etc.) to one or more filmed conversations between a person with ASD and a non-autistic person. Describe the aspects of the conversation that would be considered abnormal or unusual. If you find the conversation online, provide the link.

Tutor Answer

School: Purdue University



Autism Spectrum Disorder
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Question One
Sensory soothing behaviors are calming behaviors that help individuals on the spectrum
calm down and relax. Common sensory soothing behaviors among autistic people include
rocking, sucking their thumbs, and head banging to comfort themselves (Boucher, 2017). These
behaviors are learned due to limited social interactions, neglect, and lack of loving caregivers to
meet their needs consistently. Many of these sensory soothing behaviors are sensory seeking
behaviors. Children who are sensory seeker are hypersensitive or under sensitive to input.
Sensory seeking makes a child look clumsy, seem to have behavioral issues or be a little loud.
The presence of sensory-perceptual anomalies and repetitive behaviors have been linked with
aspects of autistic behaviors. Sensory-perceptual anomalies are conditions that occur when the
sensory signal does not get organized into appropriate responses (Boucher, 2017). On the other
hand, restrictive-repetitive behaviors in autistic people are repetitive movements with objects,
sensory sensitivities, ritualistic behavior and repeated body movements such as hand flapping.
Restrictive-repetitive behaviors are sensory soothing (relieve anxiety) in people with autism.
Research indicates that the reward system of the brain is over-activated by various types of
focuses, interests, and repetitive behaviors while the nucleus accumbens, striatum and other
regions of the brain involved in the reward circuitry are less triggered by social stimuli.
Stereotypy has an impact on behavioral repertoires in autistic children since it is considered as a
vital aberrant behavior to target in behavioral interve...

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